72m31Griffith, Chauncey Hawley papersChauncey Hawley Griffith papers 72m31Processed by: Archives Staff ; machine-readable finding aid created by: Eric WeigUniversity of Kentucky Special Collections Research CenterSpecial Collections Research CenterUniversity of Kentucky LibrariesMargaret I. King LibraryLexington, Kentucky 40506-0039URL: This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on 2017-09-12 13:12:48 -0400.EnglishDescribing Archives: A Content Standard2017 June 6Arrangement and description updated by Sarah Mackenzie Wade.
University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center
Chauncey Hawley Griffith papers
Griffith, Chauncey Hawley, 1879-1956
8.6 Cubic Feet
4 record cartons, 3 oversize boxes, 1 microfilm box, 2 shoe boxes
The Chauncey Hawley Griffith papers (dated 1903-1969, undated; 5.23 cubic feet, 7 boxes and 3 oversize boxes) primarily comprise manuscript correspondence, drawings, and proofs that document typefaces designed and developed by Chauncey Hawley Griffith, William Addison Dwiggins, and Rudolph Ruzicka for the Mergenthaler Linotype Company in the early- to mid-twentieth century.
A portion of the collection is stored off-site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance.
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open to researchers by appointment.
Collection is arranged into 6 series by subject and format: Typeface design and development, Mergenthaler Linotype Company, William Addison Dwiggins, Personal papers, Design pamphlets and writings, and Photographs.
Born in a small town near Ironton, Ohio in 1879, Chauncey Hawley Griffith moved with his family to Lexington, Kentucky when he was ten years old. As a young adult, he worked in several capacities for the Lexington news and print industry. He started at the Lexington Morning Transcript as a route carrier and in 1898 managed the advertisement room for the Lexington Herald, where Griffith first had occasion to work with Linotype machinery. In 1906, Griffith began working as a salesman based in New Orleans for the Mergenthaler Linotype Company. He transferred to the New York office in 1915, where he worked as assistant to the president and managed type designing and matrix manufacture until he was elected by the board as Vice President for Typographic Development in 1936. During his many years at Mergenthaler, Griffith championed economical typeface design and print legibility. He was instrumental in improving the readability of newspaper fonts, particularly with the design of Ionic No. 5, which, introduced in 1926, was the first face specifically designed for newspaper reproduction. It was an instantaneous success and more papers used it than any other typeface at any other time. From this grew the entire family of the famed Linotype Legibility Group: Excelsior, Opticon, Paragon, and Corona. In 1938, Griffith designed the Bell Gothic typeface for maximum legibility in telephone books, where small type and newsprint paper often hindered readability. Griffith resurrected and adapted numerous historic typefaces, including Baskerville, Janson, Excelsior, Granjon, Monticello, and Poster Bodoni. He also adapted a host of foreign language characters to the Linotype, including Amharic, Devanagari, and other Eastern scripts. In addition to Griffith's own typeface projects, he solicited renowned artists William Addison Dwiggins and Rudolph Ruzicka to produce original typeface designs for Mergenthaler. Dwiggins's typefaces Caledonia and Electra, along with Ruzicka's Fairfield and Primer, were designed under Griffith's direction and are considered part of the nucleus of what has been called the American classics of type. Griffith retired from Mergenthaler in 1949, but continued to work for the company as a consultant until his death in 1956.Sources:Much Lexington Newspaper History Given By C. H. Griffith, Former Herald Printer Who Now Is Mergenthaler Vice President. The Lexington Herald: 5. August 11, 1937.Something About C. H. Griffith And a Typographic Program.The Linotype News XV (no.1): 1. August 1936.CHG: He Left a Legacy of Literacy. Linotype News: 6. Spring 1957.
72m31 : [identification of item], Chauncey Hawley Griffith papers, 1903-1969, undated, University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.
Related materials that were previously integrated into this collection have been separated into different collections according to their provenance. These collections are listed in the related materials notes.
PA72M31, Chauncey Hawley Griffith photographs, University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.2009MS193, Mabel and William Dwiggins papers, University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.2017ms013, William Addison Dwiggins letterhead collection, University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.2017ms014, Rudolph Ruzicka and Daniel Berkeley Updike collection, University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.2017ms015, William Addison Dwiggins ALS to W. R., University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.2017ms016, William Addison Dwiggins and Rudolph Ruzicka collection, University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.2017ms017, William Addison Dwiggins collection, University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.2017ms018, Puterschein-Hingham Press collection, University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.2017ms019, Rudolph Ruzicka papers, University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.2017ms020, Rudolph and Veronica Ruzicka collection, University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.
Scope and Contents
The Chauncey Hawley Griffith papers (dated 1903-1969, undated; 5.23 cubic feet, 7 boxes and 3 oversize boxes) primarily comprise manuscript correspondence, drawings, and proofs that document typefaces designed and developed by Chauncey Hawley Griffith, William Addison Dwiggins, and Rudolph Ruzicka for the Mergenthaler Linotype Company in the early- to mid-twentieth century. The collection also includes Mergenthaler press releases and printed materials that advertise the company's machines and typefaces, writings and prints by and about Dwiggins that demonstrate his design acumen, a partial bibliography of Griffith's personal library, photographs of Griffith and his house, and correspondence and articles by Griffith that reflect his expertise in typography and Linotype printing.
Conditions Governing Use
The physical rights to the materials in this collection are held by the University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.
Type and type-founding.
Graphic design (Typography)
Newspaper layout and typography
Griffith, Chauncey Hawley, 1879-1956
Ruzicka, Rudolph, 1883-1978
Mergenthaler Linotype Company
Dwiggins, W. A. (William Addison), 1880-1956
Bennett, Paul A., 1897-1966
Typeface design and developmentcirca 1925-1968, undatedScope and ContentsConstitutes the bulk of the collection, with correspondence, proofs, and drawings that document the development of typefaces by Chauncey Hawley Griffith, William Addison Dwiggins, and Rudolph Ruzicka for the Mergenthaler Linotype Company. Primarily comprises Dwiggins's drawings and manuscript correspondence, which demonstrate the collaboration between Dwiggins as designer and Griffith as manager to produce economical typefaces for Mergenthaler. Includes original correspondence and drawings from Dwiggins to Griffith, typescript correspondence by Griffith to Dwiggins with suggested typeface design edits, and typescript transcriptions of the original Dwiggins correspondence with explanatory annotations by Griffith. Also includes correspondence and proofs that document historic typefaces resurrected by Griffith and correspondence and proofs for original typefaces designed by Rudolph Ruzicka under Griffith's direction.Arranged in subseries by designer and thereunder alphabetically by typeface.Chauncey Hawley Griffith1926-1956, undatedAmharic and Eastern scripts correspondence, proofs, and samples1934-1949, undated72m31-011Amharic keyboard diagram and Devanagari article1933, 195561Astree correspondence and proofs1926, 192972m31-012Baskerville original and photocopied correspondence and proofs1930-1938, 1954, undated72m31-013Bell Gothic correspondence and proof1937, 1953-195472m31-014Bodoni correspondence and proof192972m31-015Bulmer correspondence and samples1937, 194272m31-016Corona clippings1942, 195451Corona descriptionundated72m31-017Estienne book printed by G. W. Jones correspondence and proof192972m31-018Excelsior descriptionundated72m31-019Ionic no. 5 descriptionundated72m31-0110Janson original and photocopied correspondence1929-1936, 1953, undated72m31-0111Monticello announcement, article, and proofs1954, undated72m31-0112Monticello correspondence and announcement drafts1950-1951, undated72m31-0113Monticello oversize announcement and sample1949, undated52Monticello oversize specimen194962Newspaper headlines, correspondence and proofs1935-1956, undated72m31-0114Opticon descriptionundated72m31-0115Paragon descriptionundated72m31-0116Placard correspondence and drawings194072m31-0117Scotch no. 2 correspondence and proof193072m31-0118Venezia correspondence1929-1930, 195372m31-0119William Addison Dwigginscirca 1925-1961, undatedArcadia, experimental no. 265 and no. 2781942-195472m31-0120Brochure and Charter, experimental no. 221 and no. 2221937-1955, undatedOriginal correspondence and proofs1937-1942, undated72m31-0121Typescript correspondence1937-1955, undated72m31-0122Photostat negatives1937-1943, undated72m31-0123Oversize proofs193863Caledonia, experimental no. 781932-1961, undated35mm microfilm of drawings and writingsundated8Brochures1953, 196172m31-0124Typescript correspondence and photostat negatives1932-1939, 1955, undated72m31-0125Typescript correspondence with supplements1932-1939, 1955, undated72m31-0126Oversize proof copies1933-193553Cheltenham1939-1948, undatedOversize drawings and correspondence1942-194854Poster194864Revised experiments1939-1945, undated72m31-0127Coptic1942Correspondence, proofs, drawings, and announcement194272m31-0128Print with photostatsundated55Eldorado, experimental no. 222 and no. 2691937-1953, undatedCorrespondence, drawings, and proofs1942-1953, undated72m31-0129From the Pen of W. A. Dwiggins, A New Linotype Face-Eldorado in Linotype News, volume 29, no. 4, p. 61951 Summer56Oversize drawing194265Steel pen design correspondence1937-193972m31-0130Steel pen design oversize drawings193857Electra, experimental nos. 29, 40, 46, 55, 2371929-1955, undatedCorrespondence, proofs, and drawings1929-1939, 1955, undated72m31-0131Drawings, sketches, and stencils1929, undated72m31-0132Electra bold and Electra italic1935-1939, undated72m31-0133Emblems and Electra announcement brochure, layout and copyundated72m31-0134The Evolution of Electra, 1930-1939, no. 1undated72m31-0135The Evolution of Electra, 1930-1939, no. 2undated72m31-0136The Evolution of Electra, 1930-1939, no. 3undated72m31-0137Linotype News, volume 32, no. 21954 Fall58Oversize drawings1938-1939, undated59Photostat negatives195572m31-0138The Evolution of Electra, 1930-1939, no. 3undatedExperimental no. 2231937-1956, undatedOriginal correspondence and proofs1937-1943, undated72m31-0139Annotated dossier1937-1956, undated72m31-0140Dossier draft1937-1956, undated72m31-0141Supplemental data, 10 point experiment1943-1956, undated72m31-0142Experimental no. 267D1942-1947, undatedCorrespondence, proofs, and drawings1942-1947, undated72m31-021Drawings1942510Falcon, experimental no. 249 and no. 2661929-1954, undatedOriginal correspondence1929, 1932-193672m31-022Original correspondence1936-193972m31-023Original correspondence1939-194272m31-024Typescript correspondence1932-195472m31-025Typescript correspondence with supplements1932-1954, undated72m31-026Oversize drawings1937-1940511Oversize drawings and proofs1941-1942512The Beginning and the Completion of Revised Falcon no. 2661942-195372m31-027First Setup of Falcon, Experimental CCLXVI194372m31-028Scope and ContentsW.A.D.'s prospectus and layout details of a booklet for testing the printing performance of Falcon no. 266, and copies of the booklet printed on sundry paper surfaces.First Setup of Falcon, Experimental CCLXVI oversize drawing513Granjon correspondence1931, 1944, undated72m31-029Greek experiments1945-194972m31-0210Metro series1929-1947, undatedCorrespondence, proofs, and drawings1929-1933, undated72m31-0211Drawing fragments1930-1947, undated72m31-0212Newspaper typography experiments1936-1943, undated72m31-0213Ornaments and decorative material1930-1943, undatedCorrespondence, proofs, and drawings1930-1943, undated72m31-0214Oversize proofsundated71R. H. Macy and Co., experimental no. 701932-1934, undated72m31-0215Stuyvesant, experimental no. 267 and no. 2741942-1956, undatedOriginal correspondence, proofs, and drawings1942-1948, undated72m31-0216Oversize proofs1948514Typescript correspondence with supplements1942-1948, 195672m31-0217The Shirley Letters from the California Mines: 1851-1852 proofs194972Tippecanoe, experimental no. 268 and no. 2831942-194672m31-0218Winchester, experimental no. 223 and no. 2641942-1955, undatedPhotostat negatives and annotated correspondence1942-1955, undated72m31-0219Transcription with originals1942-1955, undated72m31-0220Annotated transcriptions1942-195572m31-0221Oversize proofs, galleys, and correspondence194266Looking Toward a Change in Lower-Case Type Formsundated515Undeveloped experimentscirca 1925-1956, undatedCorrespondence and drawings1948516Cursive experiments1934-1956, undated72m31-0222Cursive oversize proofs1938, undated517Economical book composition1942, undated72m31-0223Economical book composition oversize proofs1942518Sans serif experimental nos. 10, 11A, 11B, 631929-1932, undated72m31-0224Sans serif drawings194872m31-0225Sans serif oversize stencil, with Griffith annotationcirca 1925, 193773Assorted and unidentified1929-1955, undatedScope and ContentsCorrespondence in this subseries was in envelopes marked, Returned by CHG 2-16-55.1929-193972m31-02261940-194972m31-022719425191951, 1955, undated72m31-0228Unidentified typeface, photostat measurementsundated520Rudolph Ruzicka1935-1968, undatedFairfield announcements and proofs1938-1958, undated72m31-0229Scope and ContentsDraft announcement has correspondence and edits by Dwiggins.Fairfield correspondence, proofs, and development1938, 1955, undated72m31-0230Fairfield photostat negatives1937-1938, undated72m31-0231Fairfield oversize negatives and proofs1955, undated521Harvard pamphlet correspondence1935-194272m31-0232Studies in Type Design announcement196872m31-0233Mergenthaler Linotype Company1931-1966, undatedScope and ContentsComprises press releases, pamphlets, proofs, and typographic records of typefaces designed for the Mergenthaler Linotype Company. Also includes Mergenthaler annual reports, company newsletters, and pamphlets promoting Linotype machinery and supplies. Typographic records consist of brochures, advance proofs, correspondence, advertisements, new character reports, and matrix faces of types manufactured.Advance typeface proofs1940, 1954-196672m31-031Advertisement proofs1954-195872m31-032Advertising pamphletundated72m31-033Annual reports1954-195572m31-034Articles1954-196467The Big Scheme of Simple Operation: A Primer on Linotype Mechanism and Operation, by Mergenthaler Linotype Company194072m31-035Heads and Bodies: For Use in the Study and Planning of Linotype Newspaper Typography194672m31-036Linotype books on matrices, accessories, and supplies1937, 1945, undated72m31-037-8The Linotype Development of Typefaces, by C. H. Griffithcirca 193872m31-039Scope and Contents[...] printed for The Annual of Bookmaking in April, 1938. The typography was planned by W. A. Dwiggins and Paul A. Bennett. The decorative material, designed for Linotype by Mr. Dwiggins, is here shown for the first time.Linotype machine pamphlets1954-1965, undated72m31-0310-11Linotype News, volume 30, no. 31952 Spring522Linotype News, volume 32, no. 1circa 1953523The Mergenthaler Vocational-Technical High School in Baltimore in the School Board Journal, pp. 43-521954 October72m31-0312Newsletters1957-195872m31-0313Newsletters, oversize1963, undated74Typeface pamphlets1931-1956, undated72m31-0314-15Typeface pamphlets, oversize-, undated524Typographic records1950 March-1951 February72m31-0316-17Typographic records1951 March-1952 January 3172m31-0318-19Typographic records1952 February-1953 March72m31-0320Typographic records1953 March-1954 July72m31-0321-22Typographic records1954 August-1956 September72m31-0323William Addison Dwiggins1925-1965, undatedScope and ContentsComprises small print publications designed by Dwiggins, articles by Dwiggins about typography and printing, biographical writings that describe Dwiggins's life and career, and Puterschein-Hingham prints from the printing press that Dwiggins founded and managed with Dorothy Abbe.American Institute of Graphic Arts (AIGA) anniversary stamp194072m31-041Articles and book announcements1931-1965, undated525Biography by Mabel Hoyle Dwiggins1957-195872m31-042Book jackets, bookplates, and book design1929, undated72m31-043Scope and ContentsPrimarily books published by Alfred A. Knopf and Borzoi.Calendar, The Marchbanks Press1925, 195572m31-044Contemporary title pages1930-1932, 1953, undated72m31-045Dwiggins and the Borzoi by Alfred A. Knopf, in Publishers' Weekly, pp. 95-971957 June 372m31-046Eulogy booklet1957 March72m31-047Scope and ContentsDesigned and printed by Harold Seeger and Alert Sperisen at their Black Vine Press in San Francisco for The Typophiles, March, 1957. This eulogy was written by Paul Bennett. Set in Dwiggins's typeface, Caledonia.Exhibition invitations1940-1958, undated72m31-048The Feather-Vender Zodiac Calendar195172m31-049Hokusai's preface to his Hundred Views of Fuji print194972m31-0410The legibility of printing types, original correspondence and booklets1935, 1939, 194772m31-0411The legibility of printing types, annotated typescripts and copies1939, 195672m31-0412Letterheads and Christmas card1957, undated72m31-0413Mailing envelopes, labels, and stencil prints1937-1965, undated72m31-0414Oversize mailing envelopes1937, 1951526Puterschein-Hingham, Animalore: Ananimalanthology and thank you card1951-195372m31-0415Puterschein-Hingham Petrouchka woodcut print195268Two New Type Faces, Two New Books by W. A. Dwiggins in Publishers' Weekly, pp. 1335-13391949 September 1072m31-0416Scope and ContentsOn experimental no. 283 and The Creaking Stair and on Stuyvesant type and The Shirley Letters.Personal papers1908-1957, undatedScope and ContentsComprises business cards that document Griffith's professional development, membership cards and travel documents pertaining to Griffith's extracurricular pursuits, articles about typography and Griffith's design career, and assorted correspondence with designers and historical institutions. Also includes a partial bibliography of Griffith's personal library, a report by Griffith on the authenticity of the William F. Horn Papers, and a Hobby scrapbook of Popular Mechanic articles.Articles about Griffith1948-195672m31-0417Articles about Griffith, oversize1931-1957, undated69Articles on printing and type1947-1954, undated527Bibliography of a portion of the Griffith library72m31-0418Book Club of California1954-195572m31-0419Borough of York sealsundatedItems are very fragile.9Colonial Williamsburg correspondence1949, undated72m31-0420Correspondence1933-195572m31-0421Correspondence with Higgins-McArthur Company1956528Correspondence with Rudolph Ruzicka195572m31-0422European travel documents1928-1947, undated72m31-0423Scope and ContentsLuggage tags, calendar pages, and hotel invoices.Hobby scrapbook1947-1950, undated72m31-0424The Horn Papers194772m31-0425The Horn Papers correspondence and oversize clipping1947529Invitations1936-1954, undated72m31-0426Letterhead, bookplates, business cards, and notes1908-1935, undated72m31-0427Membership cards and official documents1917-194572m31-0428A Prospectus Giving Particulars and Specimen Pages of the New Oxford Lectern Bible1935610Scope and ContentsThe Oxford Lectern Bible was designed by Bruce Rogers and presented to the Library of Congress. Griffith was one of the contributors to the project.Design pamphlets and writings1903-1969, undatedScope and ContentsComprises pamphlets, writings, and prints by and about designers. Also includes exhibition gallery guides, essays on design and typography by Mergenthaler Manager of Typographic Promotion Paul Bennett, and CHG to WAD, a proof for a pamphlet on the collaborative relationship between Dwiggins and Griffith by the Atlanta Graphic Arts Library.The Adams Papers, L. H. Butterfieldcirca 195572m31-0429Banquet pamphlet to Philip Tell Dodge from the Mergenthaler Linotype Company and the International Paper Company191972m31-0430CHG to WAD: The Type Director to a Type Designer, proof from the Atlanta Graphic Arts Library195572m31-0431Scope and ContentsBiographical Spotlighting on the Career of the Linotype Salesman who became Vice President and Director of Typographic Development, Engaging the Originative Talents of William A. Dwiggins and Rudolph Ruzicka and others, Causing Important Uplift in Linotype Typography, Including Some Notes on CHG's Guidance of WAD on Technical Procedures.An Exhibition of Contemporary American Book Illustration: As Represented by the Work of W. A. Dwiggins, Rockwell Kent, Rudolph Ruzicka, Edward A. Wilson at the Lakeside Press Galleries, R. R. Donnelley and Sons Company, Chicago193072m31-0432An Exhibition of the Work of Rudolph Ruzicka, The American Institute of Graphic Arts at the Gallery of the Architectural League193572m31-0433Frederic Goudy birthday tributes193872m31-0434French calligraphic manuscript of prayers pamphlet194272m31-0435The Linotype: To Intending Purchasers, The De Vinne Presscirca 190372m31-0436The Omnibus of Typefaces: From the Eighth Graphic Arts Production Yearbook194872m31-0437Paul Bennett writings1953-1958, undated72m31-0438Printing News [reprint], volume LXXXII no. 61969 February 872m31-0439Proteus Papers, Veronica Ruzicka announcementundated72m31-0440The Reader's Digest, volume 43, no. 2581943 October72m31-0441Strathmore expressive printing papers1953-1954, undated72m31-0442What Are Today's Most Popular Type Faces?, [Robert Nicholson]undated72m31-0443United Nations charter194575Photographs1916-1951, undatedScope and ContentsPrimarily comprises black and white portraits of Chauncey Hawley Griffith and photographs of Griffith's house and lawn. Also includes a photograph of Griffith on the SS Bremen and photographs of Griffith in Mergenthaler offices with Pakistani governor Abdur Rahman Siddiqui and with fellow salesman Harry Porte.Abdur Rahman Siddiqui and Chauncey Hawley Griffith in the office of the Vice President, Mergenthaler Linotype Company, New York1944 December 26101Scope and ContentsSiddiqui, Mayor of Calcutta, India and publisher of Calcutta Morning News. Photo by Tommy Weber.Chauncey Hawley Griffith looking at typeface drawingundated102Scope and ContentsBack of photo reads, A Robert Yarnall Photograph.Chauncey Hawley Griffith reading a book and smoking a pipe1916103Chauncey Hawley Griffith at a restaurant table [with a waiter?] on the SS Bremen, westbound1935104Chauncey Hawley Griffith and sales manager Harry Porte in Porte's office, Brooklyn1951 June105View of white Tudor house and landscapeundated106View of white Tudor houseundated107-8Chipmunks in glass jarundated109Birds at bathundated1010My loafing spot
undated1011Pacyhsandra out of focus in foregroundundated1012Spray runningundated1013More sprayundated1014Birdbath in landscapeundated1015-18Chipmunk on a jarundated1019Sprinkler in yardundated1020
Chauncey Hawley Griffith papers