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James Winchester logbook, 1812

Part of James Winchester logbook

87m14 James Winchester logbook, 1812 87m14 Winchester, James logbook Finding aid prepared by Archives Staff University of Kentucky Special Collections Special Collections Margaret I. King Building, North Lexington, KY, 40506-0039 (859) 257-8611 SCLREF@LSV.UKY.EDU This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2015-02-27T11:35-0500 Description is in English. Describing Archives: A Content Standard 2015 February 25 Megan Mummey James Winchester logbook 87m14 University of Kentucky Special Collections 0.1 Cubic feet 1 item 1812 The James Winchester logbook (dated 1812; 0.1 cubic feet; 1 item) consists of a daily journal and accounts of brigadier general James Winchester during the war of 1812. Winchester, James, 1752-1826 Biographical note Soldier and brigadier general, James Winchester (1752-1826) was born in Carroll County, Md. He fought in the Revolutionary War as a captain under General Nathaniel Green and was present at Yorktown in 1781. He returned to Maryland following the war and later moved to Middle Tennessee. As he became famous for his involvement in Indian campaigns, he rose from the rank of captain to brigadier general of the Mero District of North Carolina (now part of Tennessee). When war with England began in 1812, Winchester was appointed brigadier general in the U.S. Army. After a dispute about seniority with William Henry Harrison, Winchester was placed in command of the Northwest Army. He moved the left wing of the army from Ft. Wayne to Defiance, Ohio, constructed Ft. Winchester and moved to Frenchtown on the River Raisin. Following an initial victory, he was surprised by a combined force of British soldiers and Indians that either captured or killed his entire army. Winchester was imprisoned in Canada for over a year. Through his last remaining years he was active in business ventures and the founding of Memphis, Tennessee. Scope and Contents note The James Winchester logbook (dated 1812; 0.1 cubic feet; 1 item) consists of a daily journal and accounts of brigadier general James Winchester during the war of 1812. It also contains his orders and accounts of the events of the Northwest Army of the U.S. from the period August 27, 1812 to November 9, 1812, preceding the massacre at the River Raisin (January 22, 1813) at Frenchtown, Michigan. Several initial entries in the journal are signed by John Payne, Brigadier General, and Nathaniel F. Adams, Dept. of the Adjutant General. The remaining numbered entries are signed by James Winchester. The entries include daily orders issued by the brigadier general for company, battalion and regiment composition and planned maneuvers, rations and court martials. The journal describes the army's actions while camped at Piqua, Defiance, St. Marys, and Ft. Winchester, Ohio. Entries also include detailed plans of how the Northwest Army prepared for camp, marches, and attack as well as construction plans for Ft. Winchester, Ohio. Significant events mentioned are the point at which James Winchester takes command, the announcement of the arrival of General William Henry Harrison, and the account of the court marshalling, sentencing and pardoning of sentinel, Frederick Jacob for sleeping at his post. Additionally, the logbook contains an unidentified lock of hair. Conditions Governing Access note Collection is open to researchers by appointment. Preferred Citation note 87m14: [identification of item], James Winchester logbook, 1812, University of Kentucky Special Collections. Conditions Governing Use note Property rights reside with the University of Kentucky. The University of Kentucky holds the copyright for materials created in the course of business by University of Kentucky employees. Copyright for all other materials has not been assigned to the University of Kentucky. For information about permission to reproduce or publish, please contact Special Collections. Harrison, William Henry, 1773-1841 Payne, John, 1764-1837 Winchester, James, 1752-1826 Defiance (Ohio) Diaries. Fort Winchester (Ohio) Kentucky--History--War of 1812. Maumee River (Ohio) Ohio--History--War of 1812. Piqua (Ohio) Raisin River (Mich.) River Raisin, Battle of the, Monroe, Mich., 1813. Saint Marys (Ohio) United States--History, Military. United States--History--War of 1812--Campaigns. United States--History--War of 1812--Regimental histories. Logbook 1 1812 James Winchester logbook