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Image 2 of The Kentucky Kernel, December 11, 1925

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, ALUMNI PAGE Kdifor W. C. Wilson. Alumni Secretary Assistant Editor, Helen J. Osborne History of the University of Kentucky The University of Kentucky la one or the agricultural and mechanical colleges that owes its origin to the 'Morrill Act of July 2, 1802. Instead of establishing at once, as most of the states did. a higher educational in Btitution, the legislature did not place it upon an independent basis but made it one of the colleges of Kentucky University, now Transylvania College, To this institution the annual inter est of the proceeds of the Congres was given for the sional purpose of carrying on its operations, This continued until 1878 when the Act was repeiiK-- and a commission appointed to work out a plan lor tin 'state university. The City of Lex 'ington offered the commission the city park containing 52 acres of land and $30,000 of city bonds which gift was supplemented by an additional 820,000 in bonus given by rnycttc county With the money buildincrs were erected and the institution established at Lexincton. In 1908 the name of the institution was chnnged from Ag ricultural and Mechanical College to that of State University and it was again modified in 1916 to the title of jvuiiiuckv. university oi ir i 1... rrt.S man hub tution is character; it appeals with confidence to the people of all creeds, ana en fliNnvnrs. in strict conformity to the re quirements of the law to afford equal advantages to all ana exclusive pnv land-irra- :..: in possession University of those who go University of of the of to college, come to the Kentucky. The United States Bureau of Education in an in vcstigation of high schools show that about 11 percent of children of school age should lc in hiirh school This would mean 70,000 high school students in Kentucky and on the basL of what is happening in other stntcs the Agricultural Experiment Station Kentucky one-thir- d throughout the country, our stntc have approximately 17,000 high school graduates. If half of these went to colleee as they hav been doing in the pnst there would be 8,500 boys and girls entering college and the University would have 2,500 freshmen and not 700 as at present. The denominational schools are about filled to capacity and therefore the source of training for these young people must come from the University of Kentucky if they are to obtain l within the borders of our state. It i extremely conservative to estimate that there will be 4.000 students seeli ing instruction at the University of Kentucky by 1930. what can an in stitution with scanty equipment to ac commodate 2,000 students expect to do with twice that number? This the most important question confront inc Kentucky's highest public educa tional institution and one which must be solved in the same manner that other states have met it. should Does Students who have attended the University of Kentucky are to be found in all parts of the country and undoubtedly, they have contributed materially to the welfare of the Com monwealth The College of Arts and Science, the largest College of the University, not only trains in liberal education work. but also provides the service courses The purpose of the Station is to colleges: Mathematics carry on a continuous succession of of all of the his sciences, economics, experiments by specialists in order to laneuaces.art. In addition, it gives torv and learn what the application of science premedical course and prepares indus will do in bringing the best returns trial chemists. from the farm, the garden, the The Department, of Journalism has orchard, the vineyard, the stock yards managing and editing and the dairy. In addition to this the graduates many of Experiment Station is engaged in the newspapers in Kentucky, the towns publication of bulletins announcing and counties of The Engineering College has grant the results of these experiments ad ed decrees to many men in Alechan untold which have broueht vantages to the farmers of the State, ical, Electrical, Mining, and Civil Act was Engineering, who are engaged in in In 1912, the Smith-Leve- r passed establishing Agricultural Extension "work which was placed in tire charge of the Agricultural College of the University of Kentucky. Under the provisions of this Act, county agents are maintained in the counties . of the State, and special home demonstration and agricultural agents are employed to carry on the work oi ag ricultural education Tho. teaching division of the Uni versitv is divided into seven colleges the Summer Session and the University Extension. The colleges and schools thus established are those of Arts and Science, Engineering, Agri Commerce i .cultural, Law, Education, University jp., . and Graduate Work. The library which can be 2 also maintains a r; used by citizens of the State. This i&k library now consists of 02,000 volumes rJOVand is engaged in garnering museum 73k material that illustrates the history tfitJ: and development of Kentucky. vj.vj-t- i Dr. Frank L. McVey, President of the University of Kentucky, came here as its chief executive in 1916. The increase in the enrollment from l.dbo 2,161 and the high place which the University now holds in comparison other state universities has inspired confidence of leaders in Doctor McVey ability as an educator and as an executive. What the University lieges to none. As a department of the University wits created in September, 1885, under the various provisions of the federal law which provide annual appropria for the support of the Experi ment Station. In 1912, the legislature yoted an appropriation of $50,000 in addition to the amounts granted by for this the Federal Government of the registrar dustry, mining and engineering Kentucky and elsewhere. The Col lege has been investigating the oil shale and has estimated that there are ninety billion tons of surface oil shale deposits in Kentucky which arc capable of producing nearly one bar rel to the ton at a little more than the oil well producer system. This means that there will be an industry in Kentucky, in the future, that will rival the coal industry in extent. roi a number of years the Civil Engineer mg Department in this College ha Depart made for the State Road ment. for corporations and for in ctividuals several rock tests that havcsaved the State many thousands of dollars. The College of Education is sending out carefully prepared teachers who are filling important positions in the schools of the Mate The College of Law is placing men in the State who are becoming the leaders of their profession ha The College of Agriculture trained farmers and Home Economics leaders who contribute their knowl edge and good sense to the advance ment of farms and homes in the State. The discoveries and work of the Ex periment Station have added many, many thousands, even millions ot dol lars to the wealth of the State which are destined to increase its wealth even more in the future. It has been 100 percent val uation pinns placing a minion and half at tho disposal of Purdue nnd like amount for tho University oMn diann. Visconsin with the same area as Kentucky, practically equal population nnd with S2",500,000,000 upon its assessment ro)l ns compared with Kentucky's two billion nnd a quarter irceiy lurnishes more thnn seven times the amount for University work. Wisconsin expends $1.14 per capita, Indiana vuc, Uhlo aoc, lllinoi ;joc, nnd Kentucky 14c. Illinois hns already invested $9,000 000 in its plant: Ohio $7,000,000. Wis consin $9,000,000; Purdue $2,400,000 ana Kentucky $1,250,000. With tho exception of a shop erect cd during tho war from federal funds no new construction hnq boon rnrri'ivl out during the past ten years at the University of Kentucky, while these institutions just to our north lihvc now modern buildings and contem piaie iiirincr construction nt once, rurdue will hnvc in the next tw years $1,200,000 for buildings and other institutions in proportion. With" a growth of 250 percent in the stu dent body in the University of Ken lucky in ten years, the floor area for instruction purposes hns increased by . percent. Practically in every field of educa tion these institutions eclipse the Uni versity of Kentucky. Tho buildim-- n of our own institution are inadequate an oiu. tno cnuinmcnt insufTir ont ana the farm lands for agricultural liiivin-.u- , uni! instructional pur uaus meagre in acreage. The presidents of the institutions and the deans of the agricultural col lunua visncu concurred tn the view thnt agricultural instruction and demonstration required not less than 1,000 acres. This judgment was reached after long experience. Kentucky has only 240 acres at the University now owned. In the matter of engineering unu mooruiory equipment the needs are equally great. To be able' to take a position com mensurate with the population and wealth of the State and to be equipped .uuvc.- nie pressing educational re quirements of its citizens, this com mission is convinced thnt tho tts. versity of Kentucky must have in the near iuture the following buildings: Chemistry building, equipped to in struct i,uuu students. An auditorium with a seating ca Iicity oi z,DUU. Dormitories for women. Dormitories for men. A gymnasium for women. A gymnasium for men. A modern dairy building equipped for the production, manufacture and oi dairy products. An agricultural engineering build roll of five billions, sissippi Valley, and there are few re gions in the world where so large an area with so little waste land can be found." No statein the Union, with, perhaps, the exception of Pennsyl vania, is so well endowed with natural resources. Indiana with much less fertile land produces more corn, oats and wheat per acre each year. If the same acreage yield were applied to Kentucky fields there would be an addition of 59,700,000 annually; if applied to the average, yield of Illinois it would mean an enhancement of forty-fou- r millions to Kentucky's income. The same thing applied tb Ohio's average yield in these three staples would enhance Kentucky's income on the same number of acres, eighty million dollars annually. Such are some of the things accomplished by the Experiment Station. The College of Commerce was created in the spring of 1925 and proposes to give instruction similar to .hat offered by other such colleges of the country. It already has 187 3tudents enrolled in it and a faculty well equipped to instruct them in all lines of business both from si prac tical and theoretical point of view. The University of Kentucky is a :onstant contributor to the welfare of Kentucky. Better equipped with buildings, instruments, books and larger itaff it could accomplish still more. and equipment at the University of Kentucky, we have been so conserva tive that we have a feeling that an apology should be made to the future college men and women of our btate, It is far short of what the University Commission recommended in 1921 Facts concerning this body and its recommendations are given in full. The University Commis sion It was these facts together with the needs of the University that led the Board of Trustees in their meetintr February, 1921, to adopt a resolution leading to the creation of the Univer 3ity Commission for the purpose securing an unbiased study that would lead to definite recommendations. In May, 1921, the Commission consisting of John r. Hager, Ashland; Georgi E. Engel, Covington; W. K". Stewart, Louisville; D. W. Gardner, Salyers vine; Stanley Keed, Maysville: B. Forgey, Ashland; Harry Giovannoli Lexington; Lewis Humphrey, Louis ville; F. M. McKee, Versailles; New ton Bright, Eminence Charles Ellis, Sturgis; Clem S. Nunn, Marion George Colvin, Frankfort; W. T. Fow ler, Frankfort; J. F. Bosworth, Mid dlesboro; J. D. Mocquot, Paducah Bowling Moss, McKenzie Green Rainey T. Wells, Murray; E. L. Har rison, Lexington, and E. H. Woods, uisn-iuuuo- A home economics building. A heating plant. Engineering shops. An armory. Barns for horse3, beef cattle, swine uiiu uiucninery. A new poultry plant. A library building. The inadequacy of the herds, flocks tuckians, if our industry is to be manned, our cducationnl institutions officered nnd our scientific work done by the coming generation of the children of this commonwealth, they must bo trained In nn institution properly financed nnd adequately equipped. To achieve this result requires- the cooperation of every citizen interested in the development of cducationnl The university can but lead. Its support must come from the people of Kentucky. George E Engel, W. K. Stewart, D. W. Gardner, Stanley Reed, B. F. Forgey, Harry Giovannoli, p. M. - ',!n.nROr Louls Humph-rey- , Newton Bright, Charles H. Ellis, Clem S. Nunn, George Colvin, W. T Fowler, .!. F. Bosworth, J. D. Mocquot McKenzie Moss Rainey T. L, Hnrrion E. II. Woods. Wells, E Minimum Funds Needed for 1926 to '28 The amounts previously stated arc what we believe and the University Commission believed should be given the University of Kentucky over a period of from six to ten years. The most ardent supporter of the university cannot hope to hav the coming session of the legislature make an appropriation of $10,000,000 to be used over a period of ten years, or even an appropriation of $5,000,000 to be expqnded within the years but it is entirely next five reasonable for all who are interested in the university to expect that the 1920 of the legislature will bear session in unt vers tynffhri0hd,Vf whlch the ex st without " S VP?"113 unvcrsity for ? and educa"onal work addi-Sf2S- A Women's Dormitory $150,000 The i first and second payment on 103 acres of land now lying between two of the University Experiment Station farms ? 5000o Two buildings to house s6me of the departments of the university and supply additional offices and recitation space each 200,000 Annual support of Summer scho1 $10,000 20,000 ?ot&h 610,000 , judment this is. at least SloonnT. less than what should be giv- to carry n its next-twyears in a respectable manner. When we compare it with a few other universities it certainly looks small. I i923 the state of West Virginia appropriated for her y .11,300,000; Tennessde 372; Missouri $1,144,000, and $806, these sums were given in addition to the regular maintenance. During th same year, 1923, the legislature of appropriation of $3,266,000 for her university, and in addition to this had already o $5,283,000 annually. bhall we stand idly by and see our sister states outdistance us in giving he young men and young women of .hese states so much better educational advantages thnn tho j girls of Kentucky? We pride ourselves on haying the best state in the union in wnjen to live, but when' we cake an inventory of unmn nf needs for which WG flrp nil Wannnni1.lA our heads begin to bow and in shame the admission comes thnt ntho are leading us in many of the things re most essential to health, iiou wealth and happiness. witheIversity uni-vs,t- and studs for the work in animal husbandry is more than marked; it is astonishing. Substantial expenditures should be made in this direction at once. The Experiment station has performed splendid work with tho Build- Pageville, visited the University at xunds that it has received from the Needed state, giving enormous returns for the Lexington and then proceeded to expenditure. Fifty Columbus, Ohio, afterwards visiting annually has been thousand dollars for Lafayette, ind., Madison, Wis., and the purpose of the appropriated StaExperiment Urbana, University of Kentucky is to plants of 111., where they inspected the tion. This should be increased to If the the University of Ohio, Pur $iuu,uuu annually to provided readequately meet the demands for in- University, University itruction and training which will be" due and the University of Wiscon sources not onlv to enrrv nn tm of Illinois "Jrfndy in progress, but to give the made upon it within the next five sin Upon their return or six years, expenditures to the sued the followingthe Commission is uuueu iunas necessary lor the invest! statement to the gation of the problems of amount of $5,100,000 will have "to be people of Kentucky. market mg, i arm management, and main made and would be distributed about Space, tenance oi soil fertility. as follows: The soil surveys and demonstration fields I. HousingNand Care of Students now in operation should be continued 1. Men's dormitories (600 anq enlarged. men, 6 buildings) 800,000 Commission At the earliest Opportune timn nrn, 2. Women's dormitories Thi University has a considerable vision should be made for th ootoi, Offices (400 women, 2 buildnone ot them lishment of f Stnumber of buildings but stations ings) 500,000 To the People of Kentucky: !$is expensive and the majority of them to provide for the invest; Some alumni now Vmld.'nn3. Hospital and infirmary Awere built with minimum amounts oi The Board of Trustees of the Uni agricultural problems 70,000 versity of Kentucky undoubtedly has successiuuy solved at that cannot be offices are as follows: for sick students Sirionev. The dormitory for men the university, W. the most expensive buildinir on 4. Commons, dining hall at heart the interest of the people of Appropriations for agricultural v. tucky.J. Fileds ex- ' Rnvomnx f v . and cafeteria 350,000 ivntucKy. They leel that the devlop tension required to offset Smith-Levthe campus and was constructea at a Sam H. Monarch, ex'' produc Assistant mem. oi Kentucky industrially, agri funds appropriated cost of $150,000 which was a special shown that discoveries in soil by Congress Secretary of 5. Women's b u i di n g State. culturally, and educationally depend: should be continued annuallv. These appropriation of the llNiU legislature. tions alone already put into practice (Gymnasium and field O, J. Jones.-ex-1Chief ClprV n in no small measure upon the main uijjjruynauons enable the Agricult partment In 1908 the legislature appropriated in the state nave saved more man '. 200,000 for women) of Education. of the annual support received from the .enance of a Inch erade State Uni ural College of the University of Ken $200,000 for the construction L. N. Taylor. '02. Rural Sohl buildings at the University and since State. $1,920,000 versity where the youth of our State tucKy to extend its services to the agent. may have educational advantages people of the state and bring to them re The development of the root-ro- t that date no buildings lor educational Mark Godman '17, Supervisor of equal to the best. For years the Uni- me iniormation that will rpsnit in purposes have been erected from sistant tobacco saves Kentucky farm II. Educational Facilities 1. Addition to Library by the crs many thousands of dollars an versity oft Kentucky has been in the a marked increase in the agricultural High school. special appropriations made G. I. Barnes '19. Director of vo (Reading room and legislature. In other words, the reci- nually by enabling them to grow to me procession, ine state. cational Education. stacks for departments)S 250,000 iuui ui a step forward, ine time has vveaitn oi opinion tome for tation and laboratory space for the bacco on land infected with the black the more so In the of this commiRsfan C. M. C. Porter '2K. by root-ro2. Recitation building for University has not been increased Decause Kentucky cannot advance as not less than $8,000,000 will be needed the. 12th a disease widely spread in District. department of English, lar as it should unless' there is turned for capital additions the State lor a period ot eighteen he State. In addition, much progress ex senator from back into her population, a steady plant and equipment to the university Mathematics and Lan years. During the World War the has been made in the control of wik in the next half 27th District. , guages 250,000 flow of young men and women who a aozen years, Federal Government made an allow- fire and angular leaf spot, two dis with th fmwh H. M. Brock, Rpnntor frnrvt U,v t ho erection of a shop in eases very destructive to tobacco. ( Biol have had training in business and being automatically 3. Science Buildinir forced by the the 33rd District. army mechanics. The which to ogy, Botany, Physiology) 150,000 professional fields. Contemplating the large intlux of students, nnprntinc iu The Kentucky Experiment Manor, J. Woodford Hownrri '5n 'University took advantage of this to has developed a strain of wheat thax natter seriously, the Board of Trus vAjjcnuiiures must substantially 4. Physics 150,000 ;ees in from the 34th District. This yields, in many instances, more thai K'l.liiiild a permanent structure. asked a number of citizens to crease. 5. Building for Commerce E. M. Johnson '21. Spnntor from nake a journey of inspection to the addition to the chemistry three bushels to the acre above thi y$ux n 150,000 and Business The income of the universitv wnat the 62nd District. CVbuilding has been made at a cost yield of other wheat. If the farmer universities oi unio, Indiana, Otto C. Gartin '20. Rpnntoi- - from 6. Engineering "shop and uu increased 4JUU.uuu annuallv in tho and Illinois nnd to report tholr It. of S18G.000.00: 5130,393.14 Ot this of Kentucky would use this strait. building for drawing nnmngs, alter studying the conditions next two years, with addit onal in the 89th District. nmnunt came from the Bingham In approximately two million dollar W. O. Keller '25. Sonntnr from tho 400,000 in the umvensty of Kentucky, to tho creases to meet additional needs. Not clusses & 'horitmice Tax and the rest from would be added annually to their in 7. University High School, people of the State. In accordance less than SBOO.OOO should be providpH 14th District. SF operating income. come. M. B. Daniels '25. Senator from tho 100,000 Tenchers' Training with that request, this commission annually for tho next ten years for After various investigations and These are the only two additions College made a visit of a week's durat nn tn uiu construction OI buildings and tho 1st District. 8. Agricultural purcnase oi additional enuinmnnt nm made at the University for recitation, experiments, serums have been per Building 200,000 tno universities above referred to. laboratory or shop space during the fected whereby contagious abortion in i ground. 9. Purchase of additional From this survey of these univer It has therefore mare and foraire noisoninc in animals . nast eighteen years. This commission has found that tho land for Experiment sitis, this commission found a great personnel o: the University of Ken- been necessary to utilize basement have been controlled or eliminated. . 100,000 variation in tno character of the work Many improvements and discoveries Station Farm space and to convert two old dormitor-- s resoectpH in tho iuckv is known done and tho funds provided for car educational fieldand Jcs, no longer usable for residences that have meant, and will mean in the 10. Home Economics of which it is a Building 150,000 rying it out. .vfor students, into recitation buildings. future, literally millions to Kentucky part. Considering the iniufommpv nf (Hlii this way, the University has been and Kentucky's farmers have been 11. Purchase of Equip For the year endinir July 1. 1921. n the 'equipment furnished, the character Stable to supply, in part, the need for made. The county agents and home 100,000 tax of 2,000,000 was levied for Ohio of the work done is extraordinarily ment Meantime the demonstration agents take to the .f recitation rooms. Mate university, for Purdue $900,000, high. As an educational leader, Presibody has increased about three home of the people these discoveries 2,000,000 Wisconsin 83,000,000, Illinois $2,500,- - dent McVey stands on a oar with tho times and it is impossible that will make far greater wealth and III. General Needs TMid wv nu xiuuvuvny ine leg- chief executives of other state instituior this situation to continue if the greater happiness. And yet with in tions. Kentucky has the basis for n 1. Auditorium $ 350,000 islatures of the States of Ohio, University is to meet the demands creased equipment and with funds foi Illinois and Wisconsin during 2. Heating Plant and Tun rait institution. Its leaders nro mon ' that are now being made upon it for additional workers the University their present sessions have materially of wide experience and high standing 400,000 nels "the purpose of instruction. In order could bring to a greater number ol increased the figures given above for in their various lines. Under the direc3. Purchase of land for the future it the tio meet the demands of the State to tific people of Kentucky greater scienthe coming bennium so thut these tion of President McVev. Kentuelcinns dormitories and other discoveries. ifwill be necessary for buildings 75,000 institutions will have from their who take a nrido in the position hohl larger investments in the UniOf Kentucky's 40,000 square miles finaki states increases varvinir from 30 in by their chief institution of learning 4. Campus roads and W. C, Wilson has been secretary versity if the increasing requirements 10,000 are unsurpassed in fertility may iook iorwaru to a development walks 30,000 CO per cent. a of ligh school graduates for college 22,000 more, not quite equal to the the Alumni Association for two 5. University debt 75.000J Kentucky excels these States in which will place our university in a education is met. best, are still excellent; only ubou; 6. Museum to house valnatural resources and this Commis position second to none in its special years. He prosecuted a vigorous g,toifony-wy il il ilil 7,000 arc of an inferior quality anc field. uable University collecThis result, however, can ho campaign in behalf ion is ot the opinion that their According to reports made by the much of this is studded with coal obtained only by the expenditure of for an appropriation of the university tions oenor industrial and agricultural in 1924. and has State Board of Education in 1917 clay, stone and iron deposits. Na elopment is largely traceublo to the money. We can buy only what we fostered the idea of resolutions being 'there were 1,200 graduates of the thuniul Shaler, one of America! $1,180,00C ntensivo training provided for their pay for. thigh schools in this state. In 1924 greatest geologists, end incidentally, i itizens oy the excellently equipped If the youth of Kentucky nn to passed by alumni clubs throughout there were about 6,000 such gradu Kentuckian, wrojfe, "It is doubtfu J 'rani) totul $5,100,0QC tate institutions. Compare their entucky and outside of the state have educational opportunities equul if an equally good showing can b 1 In making this statement concern ates. Of this number about budgets with that of Ken- to those of other commonwealths, if ndorsing the university's program of renter college. According to figures made for uny other state in the Mis- - ng the needs of funds for building tucky. Indiana with an assessment Kentucky is to bo developed by Ken-- 1 expansion. Buildings and Equipment - Funds for ing and Equipment provid-edcnlnco- h0 in. Report of the University Alumni Holding State i - -. -, 1 4 t, ex-0- "ti-- Wis-:ons- - stu-te- one-ha- lf KTI ,hard-arc,oer- o -- I I one-ha- lf .