Collections: 
0-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Joseph B. Mathews papers, 1890-1930

details | guide | text

Author

Finding aid prepared by Sarah K. Piester

Title

Joseph B. Mathews papers

Date

1890-1930

Repository

University of Kentucky Special Collections

Arrangement

Collection is arranged by material type.

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open to researchers by appointment.

Preferred Citation Note

62M98: [identification of item], Joseph B. Mathews papers, 1890-1930, University of Kentucky Special Collections.

Extent

0.5 Cubic feet

1 box and 1 package

Abstract

The Joseph B. Mathews papers consists of four bound files that pertain to Mathews' work as a Prohibition Agent for the Federal Bureau of Prohibition, a letter copying book and a scrapbook which contains newspaper clippings, lithograph images, and poems. All items belonged to Joseph B. Mathews and date from 1890-1930.

Biography/History

"Joseph B. Mathews born on 1862 August 21 in Kentucky and died in 1959. Mathews served in the Army from 1883 May to 1888 October and resided in Kentucky and Louisiana. Collection materials pertain mostly to when Mathews served as a Prohibition Agent for the Federal Bureau of Prohibition circa 1920-1927.

The Bureau of Prohibition (or Prohibition Unit) was the federal law enforcement agency formed to enforce the National Prohibition Act of 1919, commonly known as the Volstead Act, which backed up the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution regarding the prohibition of the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages. When it was first established in 1920, it was a unit of the Bureau of Internal Revenue. On April 1, 1927, it became an independent entity within the Department of the Treasury, changing its name from the Prohibition Unit to the Bureau of Prohibition."

"Bureau of Prohibition." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 13 March 2011. Web. 3 Aug. 2011.

Scope and Content

The Joseph B. Mathews papers collection consists of four bound files, a letter copying book and a scrapbook which contains newspaper clippings, lithograph images, and poems. All items belonged to Joseph B. Mathews and date from 1890-1930.

The first bound file titled United States Civil Service File contains letter copies to/from Joseph B. Mathews regarding United States Civil Service, Bureau of Investigation, Southern Railway Company Law Department, Cincinnati, New Orleans & Texas Pacific Railway Company, Illinois National Guard, Attorney General, Department of Justice, Prohibition Department, letters of recommendations for Joseph B. Mathews, blank and completed applications for positions within the United States Civil Service. Documents range from 1890-1929.

The second bound file titled Department of Justice File For Copying contains letter copies to and from Joseph B. Mathews to/from numerous individuals of varying ranks in the Department of Justice. Documents are from 1920-1921.

The third bound file, Hon. George W. Wickersham, Chairman National Law Enforcement Commission, Washington D.C. From J.B. Mathews, New Orleans, LA. Subject Conditions in Connection with the Federal Prohibition Bureau at New Orleans, LA. Handwritten note on cover of file of "#6 not complete see #4 for Exhibit Shorts, contains letters to and from Joseph B. Mathews regarding numerous individuals of varying ranks in the Federal Prohibition Bureau, copies of sworn statements from Federal Prohibition agents, reports labeled Exhibits. Most documents from 1927, Joseph B. Mathews was an Assistant Prohibition Administrator for the Federal Prohibition Bureau.

The fourth bound file titled Hon. George W. Wickersham, Chairman, National Law Enforcement Commission, Washington, D.C. From J.B. Mathews, New Orleans, LA Subject Conditions in Connection with the Federal Prohibition Bureau at New Orleans, LA. Handwritten note on cover of file #4 Originals contains letters to and from Joseph B. Mathews regarding Mathews and other Prohibition agents, telegram wires, Exhibits, reports, and glued down newspaper clippings about Prohibition. Most documents from 1925-1930, Joseph B. Mathews was an Assistant Prohibition Administrator for the Federal Prohibition Bureau.

Subjects

  • Kentucky.
  • Law enforcement.
  • Prohibition--United States.

Related Material

PA62M98, J. B. Mathews photographs, University of Kentucky Special Collections.

Collection Inventory

United States Civil Service File, 1890-1929
[Box: 1, Folder: 1]
Department of Justice File for Copying, 1920-1921
[Box: 1, Folder: 2]
Hon. George W. Wickersham, Chairman #6, 1927
[Box: 1, Folder: 3]
Hon. George W. Wickersham, Chairman #4, 1925-1930
[Box: 1, Folder: 4]
Letter Copying Book, Circa 1896
[Box: 1, Folder: 5]
Scrapbook
[Item: 1]