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Pearl Day Bach papers on Hazel Green Academy, 1891-1966

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Processed by Archives staff; machine-readable finding aid created by Beth Eifler.


Pearl Day Bach papers on Hazel Green Academy




University of Kentucky Libraries, Special Collections

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation Note

[Identification of item], Pearl Day Bach papers, 1891-1966, 68M103, Special Collections, University of Kentucky Libraries, Lexington


2.5 cubic feet (6 boxes)


These are the papers of Pearl Day Bach, a 1905 graduate of Hazel Green Academy in Hazel Green, Kentucky. Bach was responsible for coordinating the activities of the Former Students Association of Hazel Green Academy, serving as president in 1951-1952, and acting as historian of the association during most of its existence (beginning in 1940). The papers deal primarily with the Former Students Association and its Annual Homecoming, but also document the history of the Academy and the town of Hazel Green itself.


The community of Hazel Green, located in Wolfe County, Kentucky, was founded around 1850 by J. Taylor Day, Greenberry Swango, and W.O. Mize. In 1880, these founders established the Hazel Green Academy through an initial contribution of $500 each. The school was noted as being one of the first junior colleges in the mountains and of which many of eastern Kentucky's most noted citizens attended. In order to ensure that local needs were met, enrollment was limited to eastern Kentucky children with no more than 10% of outside attendance allowed. At one time, the Academy held the distinction of having the highest percentage of graduates who enter college, as well as the lowest withdrawal rate, of any other accredited school in Kentucky.

Supported by the United Christian Missionary Society of Indianapolis, Ind., Hazel Green Academy emphasized many extra curricular activities including 4-H work, conservation clubs, sports, folk games, music and drama. Academic departments were maintained for music, industrial arts, crafts, and home economics. The Annual Homecoming of former students, faculty, and friends was generally noted as the largest gathering of its kind in the eastern Kentucky region.

Mrs. Pearl (Day) Bach (1887-1968), historian of the Former Students Association of Hazel Green Academy, was born in Hazel Green and graduated from the Academy in 1905. Mrs. Bach was active in numerous organizations, committees, and causes, including membership in the Eastern Star, the United Daughters of Confederacy, President of the Crippled Children's Board of Good Samaritan Hospital, on Advisory Committee of the "Dessie Scott Children's Home" in Wolfe County, charter member and organizer of the "Kentucky Mountain Club" of Lexington, Kentucky, and chairman of the Sick and Hospital Committee from 1945 to 1958. Foremost, she is noted as being an active Kentucky genealogist and clubwoman. Her dedication was responsible for coordinating the activities of the Former Students Association of Hazel Green Academy, serving as president in 1951-1952, and acting as the historian of the association during most of its existence (beginning in 1940).

Scope and Content

These papers deal primarily with the activities of the Former Students Association of Hazel Green Academy at Hazel Green, Kentucky. Materials include correspondence representing almost half the collection; historical and biographical sketches of the Academy, the Association, and alumni of the Academy; lists and records of the Association, including memorials, member and alumni lists, records of meetings, committee reports, and financial statements; photographs of the academy and of former students during their academy years; and data on the Kentucky Mountain Club. Also present are clippings on the Academy and the Association.


  • Bach, Pearl Day, 1887-1968.
  • Hazel Green Academy (Hazel Green, Ky.) -- History.
  • Education -- Kentucky -- History.
  • Appalachian Region, Southern -- History.
  • Hazel Green (Ky.) -- History.
  • Lexington (Ky.) -- Clubs.
  • Rural schools -- Kentucky -- History.

User Restrictions

Copyright has not been assigned to the University of Kentucky.

Related Material

Volumes relating to the Hazel Green Academy which can be found in the University of Kentucky Special Collections Library include:

Collection Inventory

Scope and Content Note:

This section provides historical background on the town of Hazel Green and the Hazel Green Academy. Biographical sketches of HGA alumni are included here, but can also be found in the correspondence.

Hazel Green (town)
[Box: 1, Folder: 1]
Hazel Green Christian Church
[Box: 1, Folder: 2]
"Missionary Tidings," March 1891-March 1893
[Box: 1, Folder: 3]
Hazel Green Academy
Historical Sketches
[Box: 1, Folder: 4]
Newsletters, 1942-1958
[Box: 1, Folder: 5]
Scope and Content Note:

The school newsletters: "Hazel Green Academy News Items". "List of Needs at Hazel Green Academy". News from former students. Form newsletters from the Former Students Association of Hazel Green.

[Box: 1, Folder: 6]
[Box: 1, Folder: 7]
Scope and Content Note:

Includes an HGA calendar, flyer, brochures, and graduation announcements.

Hazel Green Academy Former Students Association
Historical Sketches
[Box: 2, Folder: 1]
Meeting minutes and notes, 1940-1966, undated
[Box: 2, Folder: 2]
Miscellaneous Administrative Materials
[Box: 2, Folder: 3]
Scope and Content Note:

Includes information regarding donations, gifts, scholarships, dues payments, membership rosters, lists of HGA graduates by year, etc.

Financial Materials
[Box: 2, Folder: 4]
Homecoming letters and programs, 1941-1966
[Box: 2, Folder: 5]
[Box: 2, Folder: 6]
Biographical Sketches of former HGA students
[Box: 2, Folder: 7]
Materials concerning the deaths of former HGA students
[Box: 2, Folder: 8]
Scope and Content Note:

Includes lists of deaths compiled by Pearl Day Bach and arranged by year.

[Box: 3, Folder: 1]
[Box: 3, Folder: 2]
[Box: 3, Folder: 3]
[Box: 3, Folder: 4]
[Box: 3, Folder: 5]
The Mountain Monitor [Hazel Green, Ky.] 10 Apr. 1905: vol. I, no. 11
[Box: 3, Folder: 6]
The Wolfe County News [Campton, Ky.] 18 June 1948: section II
[Box: 3, Folder: 7]
The Wolfe County News [Campton, Ky.] 10 Aug. 1949: section II
[Box: 3, Folder: 8]
The Wolfe County News [Campton, Ky.] 9 Aug. 1950: v.6, no.32
[Box: 3, Folder: 9]
The Licking Valley Courier [West Liberty, Ky.] 8 Oct. 1953: p.9
[Box: 3, Folder: 10]
The Wolfe County News [Campton, Ky.] 5 Aug. 1959: Hazel Green Homecoming Edition, 1-8
[Box: 3, Folder: 11]
The Sunday Herald Leader [Lexington, Ky.] 14 May 1961
[Box: 3, Folder: 12]
Scope and Content Note:

Arranged chronologically, most of the correspondence concerns matters of the HGA Former Students Association. Each folder contains letters regarding annual Homecoming arrangements, dates and locations of FSA board meetings, dues payments, and scholarship contributions. There is much communication with HGA alumni, including biographical sketches, reflections on time spent at Hazel Green, and news of illnesses and deaths. Personal notes are also present throughout the correpondence. Where present, specific points of interest have been noted for each folder.

[Box: 4, Folder: 1]
Scope and Content Note:

Death of Pearl's Mother. Genealogy research. Funding for hospital on HGA properties. Donation of the Hazel Green Herald to the University of Kentucky Libraries.

[Box: 4, Folder: 2]
Scope and Content Note:

Loss of the Hazel Green Christian Church to fire. The Kentucky Mountain Club. FSA membership campaign to have at least 500 members by the next homecoming. Daughters of the American Revolution (D.A.R.) marking of a Revolutionary Soldier's grave. Lists of graduates for 1950-51. Winner of the Declamatory Contest in 1905. Certificates, not diplomas given before 1895. "My favorite Hollywood Pinup Girl" postcard.

January-May 1952
[Box: 4, Folder: 3]
Scope and Content Note:

Plans for the 50th anniverary of the class of 1902.

June 1952
[Box: 4, Folder: 4]
Scope and Content Note:

"Patriotic Education, Inc." brochure.

July 1952
[Box: 4, Folder: 5]
Scope and Content Note:

Book preparations.

August-December 1952
[Box: 4, Folder: 6]
Scope and Content Note:

Student biographies and various accounts to be included in Bach's book going to press. Nancy Ringo Student Loan Fund. Myrtle Rion Loan Fund.

[Box: 4, Folder: 7]
Scope and Content Note:

The purchase of a Silver Tea Service and presentation in honor of 25 years of service and 25th wedding anniversary of the Stovalls (1928-1953). Membership in the "Daughters of the American Revolution". United Daughters of the Confederacy.

1954-1965, undated
[Box: 5, Folder: 8]
Scope and Content Note:

The Nancy Ringo Student Loan Fund. Working with the "Daughters of the American Revolution". Presentation of Professor Cord's portrait. Account of the Homecoming Pageant. Presentation of the new Christian Church of Hazel Green. The Wolfe County Woman's Club.

[Box: 5, Folder: 9]
Scope and Content Note:

Presentation of a Scholaship Fund to Jerry Ringo. "Histories of Wolfe County, Kentucky." The Huguenot Society of Kentucky. Order for three historical markers from The Pan American Bronze Company. "Who's Who of American Women (1959)".

[Box: 5, Folder: 10]
Scope and Content Note:

Unveiling and dedication of four bronze historical markers (August 13, 1961). The Ed Robinson Fund. "Who's Who in the South and Southwest". Swango reunion. Seventy-fifth aniversary article. Life Memberships to the Former Students Association.

[Box: 5, Folder: 11]
Scope and Content Note:

Included here are materials belonging to Mrs. Bach which have little or no relevance to Hazel Green Academy.

[Box: 6, Folder: 1]
Personal materials
[Box: 6, Folder: 2]
Scope and Content Note:

Includes calendars, keepsakes, etc.

Two volumes: Kentucky Mountain Club, Lexington, Kentucky. 1936, 1959
[Box: 6, Folder: 3]