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1 > Page 1 of General account of the commonwealth of Kentucky / prepared by the Geological Survey of the commonwealth for the Centennial exhibition at Philadelphia, 1876.

A GENERlAL ACCOUNT OF THE CO MMONWEALTH OF KENTUCKY. GEOGRAPHY. Positiozn. -The Commonwealth of Kentucky -situated between latituLCde 36 o' and 39 o6' north, and longitude 50 oo' and I 2o' 3S' West, from \Vashington - includes about forty thousand square mliles of area, extending for six hundred and forty-twvo and a half miles along the south bank of the Ohio River, from its junction xvith the Mississippi to the mouth of the ChatteraWah or B1ig Sandy. This river forms the north er, nortlh-western, and north-eastern borders of the State. A part of its north-eastern border, one hundred and twenty miles, is formed by the Chatterawah River; a south- eastern face of about one hundred and thirty miles lhas a natural boundary in thie several rano-es which receive the common name of Cumberlanci Mountains. The southern face alone is an arbitrary lin(e of two hundred miles in length. The western boundary of about fifty miles is formed by tle AMissis- sppi lRiver. A glance at the accompanying map w-ill make it )lain that the ren-ion occupicd by this Commonwealth has a position of peculiar importance with reference to the great feature-lines of the continent. The Mississippi-River system is t'le key to the continent. Those parts which lie beyond its borders are, by their limited area or their severe conditions of climate, relatively of minor importance. In this system the State of Kentucky, all things being considered, occupies a most im. portant place. Its western border is only one thousand and