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4 > Item 4 of Address to the people of Kentucky on the subject of emancipation

4 natural sources fromn which industry may draw increasing products-or that the people are defi- cient in enterprise and skill to improve the re- sources of their country. Apply this rule to Kentucky or Virginia, or any of the older slave States, and how do they appear The people in them, no doubt, multiply naturally as fast as the people of other States- that is, at the rate of 33 1-3 per cent. in ten years-so that, if none emigrated, the number would be inorcased by one-third in that period of time. Kentucky in 1820 had a population of 564,317, and in 1830 her population was only 587,917; whereas, if she had kept up her natural nerease it would have been 752,422. In 1840, per population was only 779,828; but if she had kept up her natural increase, it would have been ,C003,227. Thus Kentucky lost in the twenty years, from 1820 to 1840, no fewer than 223,399 her people-or about three times the whole population of Arkansas in 1840. Adplying the same test to Virginia, we find that in the ten years from 1830 to 1840, she lost by emigration no fewer than 375,000 of her people. East Virginia, where slavery chiefil abounds, 304,000, and West Virginia, 71,000. At this rate Virginia drives off from her borders to the WVest, every ten years, a ppopulation equal in number to the popullaion of Lte State of Mississippi in 1840. No one pretends to assign any cause for this result other than t]averT. Fellow-citizens, it is a huradiating fact, one that should penetrate the ]heart of every Ken- tuckian, that from the year 180 to this time, Kent icky has sent, or we should ratLer say, driven, from her boson, nearly ts ice as many of her free white citizens as the present nurnr of slaves within her limits. Most of these have shunned the regions of slavery, and ietlted in the free States. They were generally intt-rprLsing, indu-trious, laboring whiie men, who found by sad xperience that a country of slaves was not the country for them; who would not remain where slavery degrades the workingman; who saw that, for some reason, neither they nor their country were prosperous; and who thought of adding to their own prosperity by uniting their destinies lo the not far off prospering States. We will again recur to this view of the subject, but will now proceed at once to a generalsurvey of the comparative condition of the free and slave States. Commencing, then, with Maryland, one of the oldest slave States, we submit he following state-, ments and statistics, taken from a pamphlet pub- lished in Baltimore, in 1846, entiled, "Slavery i' Maryland, briefly considered." This pam- phlet was written by John L. Carey, Esq., a dis- tinguished member of the Baltimore Bar. Af- ter a well considered introduction, Mr. Carey thus speaks of the blighting effect of slavery in his own State. For years past our cotton growing states have been t xporting their soil; and with that improv- juence which slavery generates, that love of present indulgence, careless of what may fol- low, the South has received in return the means of enjoyment only-nothing wherewith to ren- ovate the outraged ground. Such a process long continued must, in the end, ruin the finest lands in the world. Its effects are apparent in the At- lantic States, in the south-west operating irre- sistibly to draw the planters of Carolina and Georgia from their wornout fields. The same general observations will apply to our slave-holding sections in Maryland, and to many parts of eastern Vtrginia too, if it were necessary to pursue the investigation there.- Emigration to the west has kept pace with the impoverishment of our lands. Large tracts have come into the hands of a few proprietors -too large to be improved, and too much eshausted to be productive. But this is not the worst.- The traveller, as he journeys through these dis- tricts, smitten with premature barrenness as with a curse, beholds fields, once enclosed and subject to tillage, now abandoned and waste, and covered with straggling pines or scrubby thickets, which are fast overgrowing the wan- ing vestiges of former cultivations. From swamps and undrained morasses, malaria ex- hales, and like a pestilence infects the country. The inhabitants become a sallow race; the cur- renti of life stagnates; energy fails; the spirits droop. Over the whole region a melancholy aspect broods. There are everywhere signs of dilapidation, from the mansion of the planter woth its wincows half-glazed, its doors half- hinged, its lawn trampled by domestic animals that have ingress and egress through the broken enclosures, to the ragged roadside house where thriftless noverty finds its abode. No neat cot- tages with gardens and flowe rs giving life to tle lar;dscape; no beautiful villages where cultiva- ted taste blends with rustic simplicity, enrich- ingand beautifying; no flourishing towns alive with the bustle of industry-none of these'are seen; no, nor any diversified succession of r ell cultivated farms with their substantial home- stca's and capacious barns; no well-construct- ed bridgem, no well-constructed roads.-Neglect, the harbinger of decay, have stamped her im. pru.'s everywhere. Slavery, bringing with it from its African home its char.cteristic accom- panimcnts, seems to have breathed over its rest- ing places here thesame desolating breathwhich made Sahara a desert.' Mr. Carey next gives a detailed statement of the population of each county in Maryland