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Page 230 of Abbey of Gethsemani / E. Carl Litsey.

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FRANK LESLIE'S POPULAR MONTHLY. front of this censer three ropes hang down nearly to the floor. These ropes are connected with sweet-toned bells far overhead, which are rung during services. The lower part of the cross forms the monks' choir, where the brotherhood gather seven times a day to perform their religious rites. These seven services are, respectively: Lauds, Prime, Tierce, Sext, None, Vespers and Compline. Two of these are often sung together. The arms of the cross are supplied with plain wooden benches, where visitors may sit. The church is built in the Gothic style, and is very beautiful and impos- ing. It is so arranged as to form two chapels; one for the community and one for the laity. It has fourteen altars, all of which are of stone, but two, which are of wood. From the church we come to the chapter room, which adjoins it. Here the holy Rule-by which the monks live-is explained by the Superior every morning. Here, also the "Culpa," or public accusation of faults is made, and due penance imposed. At one end of the room is a kind of dais, with the seats of the Abbot, Prior and Sub- Prior. At the other end are the con- fessionals. Here, too, we are shown the wooden cross which came over with the first band of Trappists from France. It is in this room that the monk spends all of his time not em- ployed in manual labor, or prayer or sleep. A narrow stairway conducts us to the common dormitory of the monks. The beds are separated by partitions, forming cells six feet four inches long, five feet nine inches wide, and six feet high. The bed is a straw mattress placed on a few boards, with one comfort for covering. This room is not heated even in the most rigor- ous weather. On this same floor are the library, tailor shop and infirmary. In this in- firmary the old, the feeble and the sick are quartered, and for their benefit mass is celebrated here every morn- ing at four o'clock. The refectory is on the ground floor of the east wing of the building, and is a room seventy. three feet long and twenty-nine feet wide. In it are five wooden tables. Four of these are for the choir relig- ious and lay brothers, while the fifth is placed upon a platform at one end 230