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954 > Page 954 of Annals of the West : embracing a concise account of principal events which have occurred in the western states and territories, from the discovery of the Mississippi valley to the year eighteen hundred and fifty-six.

954 SLAVERY CEASES IN ILLINOIS. 1824. Blackwell, of Belleville, had been appointed Secretary of State, to fill a vacancy, and conducted the paper as editor. From that time until August, the contest was carried on vigorously by both parties and finally decided against a convention, by about eighteen hundred majority. The number of votes given iu the State, was nearly twelve thousand. During the contest it was anticipated that an indirect influence out of the State, would be exerted to gain the question. All such extraneous influence the opponents resisted. Of the members of Congress, Governor Edwards and Daniel P. Cook, were strong in the opposition, and each wielded a vigorous pen in the cause. In six months after, the question was settled; a politician who was in favor of the introduction of slavery in the State, was a rara AVIS. In this year, the Miami University of Oxford, Ohio, was first organized as a college. The following sketch of the institution and its history, from the pen of James M'Bride, Esq , Bresident of the Board of Trustees of the same, (to which are added some remarks respecting the female seminaries of Oxford,) will be found interesting. " The Miami University is situated in the town of Oxford, Butler county, State of Ohio, thirty-three miles distant from Cincinnati. The college derives its permanent endowment from a township of land, six miles square, situated in the north-west corner of Butler county, being located in lieu of a township of land, which had been originally granted by the Congress of the United States, for the endowment of an academy and other seminaries of learning, in Symmes' purchase, between the Miami rivers. "John Cleves Symmes, of the State of New Jersey, presented his petition to Congress, dated the 29th day of August, 1787, proposing to become the purchaser of one. million of acres of land, lying between the Great and Little Miami rivers, and that one township should be assigned in the tract for the benefit of an academy. In pursuance of which, an agreement was made with Symmes and his associates for the sale of one million of acres. The price of the land was to be two-thirds of a dollar per acre, part payable in installments. The latter, not having been punctually met, Congress passed a law, dated the 5th day of May, 1792, authorizing the qouveyance to John Cleves Symmes and his associates, of such number of acres of land as the payments then made would pay for. " On settlement at the treasury, it appeared that Symmes