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964 > Page 964 of Annals of the West : embracing a concise account of principal events which have occurred in the western states and territories, from the discovery of the Mississippi valley to the year eighteen hundred and fifty-six.

964 AMERICAN ARMY AT ROCK RIVER. 1832. Black Hawk commanded the warlike band, and Keokuk, another chief, headed the band which was in favor of peace. Keokuk, a sagacious leader of his people, was gifted with a wild and stirring eloquence, rare to he found even among Indiaus, by means of which he retained the greater part of his nation in amity with the white people. But nearly all the bold, turbulent spirits, wdio delighted in mischief, arranged themselves under the banners of his rival. Black Hawk had with him the chivalry of his nation, with which he recrossed the Mississippi in the spring of 1832. He directed his march to the Rock river country, and this time aimed, by marching up the river into the countries of the Pottawattamies and Winnebagoes, to make them his allies. Governor Reynolds, upon being informed of the facts, made another call for volunteers. In a few days eighteen hundred men rallied under his banner at Beardstown. " The army proceeded by way of Oquaka, on the Mississippi, to the mouth of Rock river, and here it was agreed between General Whiteside and General Atkinson, of the regulars, that the volunteers should march up Rock river, about fifty miles, to the Prophet's town, and there encamp to feed and rest their horses, and await the arrival of the regular troops in keel boats with provisions. But when he arrived at the Prophet's town, instead of remaining there, his men set fire to the village, which was entirely consumed, and the brigade marched on in the direction of Dixon, forty miles higher up the river. When the volunteers had arrived within a short distance of Dixon, orders were given to leave the baggage wagons behind, so as to reach there by a forced march. And for the relief of the horses, the men left large quantities of provisions behind with the wagons. "At Dixon, General Whiteside came to a halt, to await a junction with General Atkinson, with provisions and the regular forces; and from here parties were sent out to reconnoiter the enemy, and ascertain his position. The army here found upon its arrival two battalions of mounted volunteers, consisting of two hundred and seventy-five men, from the counties of M'Leaii, Tazewell, Peoria, and Fulton. The officers of this force begged to be put forward upon some dangerous service, in which they could distinguish themselves. To gratify them they were ordered up Rock river to sj y out the Indians. The party, under Major Stillman, began their march on the 12th of May, aud pursuing their way on the south-east side, they came to 'Old Man's' creek, since called 'Stillman's Run,' a small stream which