WISCONSIN A TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT.
This construction of the ordinance Michigan disputed, and when Ohio sent surveyors to mark out the boundary as defined by Congress, the territorial authorities of Michigan drove them away by an armed force, and placed a military party in the dispnted district. At this time commissioners were sent by the President, who prevailed upon the parties so far to recede, as to allow the people of the district to acknowledge either jurisdiction until the question was settled by the proper authority ; and thus matters stood until, when she asked for admission among the States, Michigan was told that she could be admitted only on condition she recognized the boundary as claimed by Ohio ; this at length she did, as has been seen, and then became one of tbe federal sisterhood.
The subjection of Black Hawk and his hostile party, and the treaty that followed in 1832, opened the extensive tract of country along the Mississippi, to American settlements; and the following spring, companies from Illinois crossed the river, built their cabins, and made improvements for farming early in 1833.
The first settlement was in the vicinity of Burlington. Coeval with it, was the settlement near Fort Madison. From this period, the progress and extension of settlements were rapid, and the population increased with far greater rapidity than in the history of previous territories. For more than eighteen months the people were "a law unto themselves," being without the jurisdiction of any organized territory.
In 1834, Congress attached this territory to that of Michigan, for temporary jurisdiction, and two large counties, Dubuque and Des Moines, were organized. Their aggregate population in 1836, was ten thousand five hundred and thirty one persous, and the same year Wisconsiu was organized as a separate territory, aud exercised jurisdiction over the "District of Iowa."
In 1838, the territorial legislature of Wisconsin was removed west of the Mississippi, to Burlington. During the session, official intelligence of the organization of the territory of Iowa, was received the last of June, and the legislature finding itself beyond its own jurisdiction, adjourned.
The territorial government took effect on the 4th of July, 1838. Robert Lucas, a former Governor of Ohio, was the governor and superintendent of Indian affairs, and James Clark, Secretary of the new territory.
During that year, the territory, which had been subdivided into sixteen counties, had a population of twenty-two thousand eight hundred and sixty persons.