HISTORY OF THE ORPHAN BRIGADE.
and mother's side came from England as early as 1709, and settled in now what is Chester County, Pa., having obtained a grant of land from William Penn. At the close of the Revolution a branch of the family from which the subject of this sketch is descended came to Kentucky and settled in Jefferson County. His mother was of the Herr family which came to Kentucky from Pennsylvania. She died in 1849, the father in 1851, and thus at eight years of age he was left wholly orphaned; but an uncle took him in charge. During the summer months, after he became strong enough to labor, he worked on the farm, and in the winter attended the country schools, thus alternating until shortly before the beginning of the war.
In 1SG0, he joined a cavalry company of the State Guard, and was an enthusiastic member, embracing every opportunity of local drill or of camp of instruction, especially one at Shepherdsville in the spring of 1861, under the personal direction of Gen. Buckner.
At this time, though less than eighteen years old, his convictions were strong, and his feelings were with the Southern States in their expressed determination to withdraw from a Union which they believed inimical to their interests, and whose government was now assuming to exercise power with which the constitution had not clothed it.
September 19, 1861, when it was evident that the Federal troops under Rousseau would invade the State, he left home in company with Wallace Herr, and joined a body of men assembled at Bloomfield for the purpose of enlisting in the Confederate service. Under the temporary command of Col. Jack Allen, most of these men marched to Munfordville, then held by Col. (afterward Gen.) Hanson, with the Second Kentucky Infantry and a small body of Tennessee cavalry.
There his service really began, as he did outpost duty, and was with the detachment that was stationed for awhile at Horse Cave, making one of the party of mounted men sent to Cy Hutcherson's on the morning of October 11, to reinforce the men of the Sixth Infantry and First Cavalry who had had the fight the night before with Federals sent to arrest Hutcherson, as noted on page 52 and elsewhere.
At Bowling Green, shortly afterward, he enlisted regularly in Co. E, First Kentucky Cavalry, and was made fourth corporal. In all the movements and engagements of this company he took an active and spirited part until the time of this company (a twelve-month one) expired, having been.made in July, 1862, first sergeant. The company was mustered out in October, 1862, and he joined Co. G, Ninth Kentucky Cavalry. He continued, as before, to be uniformly present for duty, and bear his part manfully in all service, picket, scout, skirmish, and battle and sometimes more than a just proportion, as he had become so well known for quick perception and obstinate courage in ac-