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435 > Page 435 of Nineteenth century and after : a history year by year from A.D. 1800 to the present (vol. 2)/ by Edwin Emerson, Jr. and Marion Mills Miller ; illustrated with eight colored plates and sixteen full-page engravings and two maps.

CANNING RETURNS TO POWER mountaineers rose behind him. Dernetrios Ypsilanti, the acting-president of Greece, with a few hundred followers, threw himself into Argos. There he held the Acropolis against the Turkish rear-guard. Kolokotrones, calling out the last men from Tripolitza, relieved Ypsilanti at Argos. The mountain passage was seized. Dramalis had to give up his conquest of the Morea and fight his way back to the Isthmus of Corinth. Without supplies and harassed by hos- tile peasant forces, the Turkish army became badly demoral- ized. Thousands were lost on the wav. Dramalis himself died from over-exposure. The remainder of his army melted awav at Corinth under the combined effects of sickness and drought. A decisive turn in the Greek war for independence was reached. Europe realized that the revolt had grown to the proportions of a national war. Popular sympathy in Russia became more clamorous. Capodistrias, the Russian Prime Minister, rightly measured the force of this long pent-up feeling. Unable to move the Czar, who still floundered in the toils of the Holy Alliance, Capodistrias withdrew from public affairs and retired to Geneva. In England the suicide of Castlereagh brought Canning once more into prominence. He was made Foreign Secre- tary, and Robert Peel, Home Secretary. Canning's long re- tirement after the fiasco of his American policy and his breach with Castlereagh, had served to chasten this statesman. As leader of the opposition, lie had learned to reckon with the forces of popular feeling. He was no longer an ultra- conservative, but a liberal. He now made no disguise of his sympathies with the cause of Greece, and with the struggle for independence in South and Central America. There the course of freedom had gathered so much momentum that it was plain to all that Spain could never prevail without help from others. On May 19, upon the refusal of Ferdinand 435 1822