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Kentucky fruit notes, vol. 3, No. 6, October 1948

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

bgyf ?''*_; Vol. 3 October, 1948 NO_ 5 ion ""4_r_"u"" "`*AihF__``_'_; ' ' " sly KENTUCKY FRUIT NOTES st ere W. D. Armstrong, Horticulturist, Editor iw- _ md A REPORT ()N FRUIT PROGRESS lent recovery during the summer of V IN KENTUCKY 1947 but all died out rapidly early NS C. S. Wultmlm during a period of prolonged University of Kentucky L 5 idm_ Lcxmgmn Kentucky 'Thte irppogtalnce caf reg stele root ro 0 CD LIC T8 V - yl? Editor|No.e; Tlle foll;1wlln1:inateiiallis ing is l)QC0mjn Sof \Wj;1-yjyggggt s t` t - 97. i: :iit 1iiiiItllcilliii:il I`ni$it1iiiiiit iiiruiei Kent duc W the fact that $VY3l COm Lvl,) tricky Aurlcultural 1ixprimnt Station, lIl01`C1Zll fields {leaf CO\ll'lgtOl'I. im iwiitiieteii. Hit `1llis`lit:_tt_ th; Louisville and Paducah have recent- Cali }l'UUI`f:5S (UNI I`C]AOI't5 SONIC ttf (l\l !`tFlIltZ< ly Sufimicd heavy 1OSSS' Experl- that are summarized annually. \\'. 1). A. lTlDlS_ {W9 also UUd?l` WHY WhI` Stm_bn_ics varieties restistant to the disease are being teste . Two such varieties During the past few seasons a dis- recently introduced by the U. S. ease known as red stele root rot has Department of Agriculture are and caused serious trouble in the pro- Temple and Fairland. you duction of strawberries on the Ex- _ _ om perinient Station Farm at Lexing- Stm'b"*$*l947 Yields ant ton. This disease is favored by cool The summer of 1947 at Lexington ber. weather. wet seasons. and poorly was unusual in that there was no 100 drained soil. During hot summer time during the season when mois- .hc; preather diseased plants often re- ture was a seriously limiting factor. llifll cover and grow normally until lt was especially favorable for OUY winter. Symptoms of the disease strawberries and good yields, in `5 usually appear in early spring and general. were obtained. The season lllll` remain through harvest. These was considerably later than the lil}? symptoms are dwarfed, low foliage. average and some damage to blos- hm? often scorched. and many plants soms occurred from frosts on the often die. ln diseased fields. plants nights of May 8. 9, and 10. on low. infected spots will often be Thg ygctds {mm the various Y seriously stunted while, _a few feet varieties are siinvvn in the table be- iyhr Ll\\`[l}' OI'} l1lgl1Cl`. \\`Cll-Cll`tll`lCCl 50ll .1Tl lgvy and are in 24-qu3y[ (jygtgg per figd the Same field plants will be dis- tier-ez Blakemore, 145; Tennessee it i?5${` "" "` g"`` "" ?.i"i..E?iaT%iiif El*?Yi$? L ... V { C bb. _ . . ~ m Experimental plots that fruited in mier. 172; Fairfax. 22o and Catskill. 19-17 had considerable red stele in- 234. _ _ Jury which was responsible for re- Of outstanding interest is the fact ducing yields somewhat. After har- that Tennessee Beauty produced the O__ vest. experimental work was started greatest and Blakemore the lowest. dm, to studylthe effect of summer ferti- ripening time `for the va_'ri0us Of llzation and cultural methods on the varieties ianged fiom l\Ia5 ..9 to .1 )_ red stcle disease. These plots were June 23. while in 1946 these same D}; thoroughly renovated by using n varieties were harvested between _ rototype tiller that pulverized the May 7 and June 10. _ soil to a depth of six inches between ln trials covering a period of four 7 the rows. This tiller was used five years. Tennessee Beauty has proven tunes for cultivation until the end to be an outstanding producer and _ t of the season. With this cultivation the fruits are attractive and of high [ lg Gnd various fertilizer treatments, quality. The berries are moderately iilgl the diseased plants made an excel- dark red. well formed and handle inly ""' ' ' ("IRCULAR OF THE KENTUCKY AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION, LEXINGTON. KENTUCKY