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6 > Image 6 of Kentucky fruit notes, vol. 1, No. 14, February 1940

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

' annually. The berries are shipped crate for picking, grading, packing bm by refrigerator express and trucks contginer and marketing expense mf to many northern and eastern are air estimates. V 1naIktS, including Canada- The crown-borer is the most de- T Ma1ktlng 'dn`n O0Pi'atlV a$$0 structive strawberry insect in Ken- we K eiations has beell found to be the tucky. After a field becomes in- ml ' most satisfactory plan. festcd there is no control measure. `vi ` ` The dread of ickinv is the out- infestation can he prevented by set- at .. standing obstacllg confronting the ting clean plants some distance .,.0, V prospective grower. This can be from old plantings. hs, 0V1`00n1 by dPndlng on lined Grub worms can be prevented by Sht . , , help to do the picking. using lzuid that has been cultivated Ca Any good tobacco land will pro- two years before strawberries are lt, ` duce strawberries. Soil building set. tr: Z _ with green manure and superphos- by t phate is advisable. THE VEGETABLE GARDEN cii . Preparation of the land in late JOHN S- GARDNER fo fall is desirable. Although admitting that this will de . The Aroma variety leads ill Kell- fall under the eyes of men engaged Of ' tueky. Blaliem01 and P1'111l1` in the business of fruit-growing, it ou ` also are important. E\e1bea1l11{; is nevertheless fitting that it should th ` varieties have not proved success- appear here, for a good garden is at ful good business. In fact, a good dc Strawberry plants should be set garden may easily be the most im- L: in March or ea1l}' April. Early portant piece of business on any ar 1l1IlllI` plants are IHZIDY UIHBS HS farm, if 11ot for the money it may e! productive as those formed in late earn, certainly for the real money re ` f August and September. it will save. Because the savings sa ' V` p Avllen plants are 1'eCi\'ed they are dayby-day savings they are t V if should be unpacked and heeled in not always appreciated, but taken pc ] . as soon as they arrive. in the gross, over the year, they are Og . The roots should be pruned be- found to be not inconsidcrable. Il ` g ` fore the plants are set, and the soil Now, gardens, like orchards, are as V Q Sl1011ld be lifllled 211011l1d Tllem, ill "good" onl * to the extent they are S I i setting. Blooms should be picked planned, aifd tended by program. ci g y from the newly set plant as soon as A good garden can not more " just ll t i they appeal'. happen" than can a successful W , Frequent cultivation and hoeing fruit venture. But, gardens are so tl l _' gj ` the first year are essential. often judged by what takes. plare 0 Y Q Mulching is necessary to keep the in one that was planted poll mell. l l _ fruit clean and conserve soil mois- and tended as time permitted, or as S Q Q , ture. mood dictated. Such a garden must t > Q? ,,,. Grading berries by the pickers is behave spottily; there must be J the most economical pla11 a.nd is periods of glut and waste, also l Q used by a majority of Kentucky times of scarcity and famine, and e _ growers. then one wonders whether a garden , 4 _ A definite contract should be pays for all that has gone into it. _ made between tenant and owner. Wliilc a person who had such a gar- S ! l, Yields of 100 24-quart crates per den might not really find himself 5 l _ acre can bfe ggpected. A produc- "in the red", his pronts would be l , Q -_ tion cost o per acre up to the meagre. j V beginning of harvest, and $1.25 per It would have been so much t ` . 6