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Wade Hall Collection of American Letters: Berkey family papers, 1858

Part of Wade Hall Collection of American Letters: Berkey family papers

2009ms132.0104 Wade Hall Collection of American letters: Berkey family papers, 1858-1867, undated 2009ms132.0104 Berkey family papers Finding aid prepared by Morgan Lockard University of Kentucky Special Collections Special Collections Margaret I. King Building, North Lexington, KY, 40506-0039 (859) 257-8611 SCLREF@LSV.UKY.EDU 2014 January 24 This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2015-05-19T13:17-0400 Describing Archives: A Content Standard Wade Hall Collection of American Letters: Berkey family papers 2009ms132.0104 University of Kentucky Special Collections 1.9 Cubic feet 3 boxes 1858-1867, undated The Wade Hall Collection of American Letters: Berkey family papers (dated 1856-1867, undated; 1.9 cubic feet; 3 boxes) comprises correspondence, quartermaster papers, a receipt, and newspaper clippings. These papers document the daily activities of a soldier in the Civil War, the conditions and feeling of family and friends on the home front, and the opinions on politics, religion, and war during this period. Berkey family Biographical Note The Berkey family lived in Iowa and participated in the Civil War either as soldiers or on the home front. Jameson J. Berkey (1835-1925), son of Roswell Berkey and Elizabeth Faith, fought for the Union army in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas and practiced law in Iowa. Mary Ann Berkey (1835-1900), Jameson's wife, remained on the home front in Iowa caring for their son, relatives, and home. John Marihugh (1858-1917), Mary's brother, fought as a soldier in two separate regiments for the Union army and after the war raised sheep in Kansas. American Letters collector Wade Hall is a native of Union Springs, Alabama. Since 1962, he has lived in Louisville, where he has taught English and chaired the English and Humanities/Arts programs at Kentucky Southern College and Bellarmine University. He has also taught at the University of Illinois and the University of Florida. He holds degrees from Troy State University (B.S.), the University of Alabama (M.A.), and the University of Illinois (Ph.D.). He served for two years in the U.S. Army in the mid-fifties. Dr. Hall is the author of books, monographs, articles, plays, and reviews relating to Kentucky, Alabama, and Southern history and literature. His most recent books include A Visit with Harlan Hubbard; High Upon a Hill: A History of Bellarmine College; A Song in Native Pastures: Randy Atchers Life in Country Music; and Waters of Life from Conecuh Ridge. Conditions Governing Access note Collection is open to researchers by appointment. Scope and Contents note The Wade Hall Collection of American Letters: Berkey family papers (dated 1856-1867, undated; 1.9 cubic feet; 3 boxes) comprises correspondence, quartermaster papers, a receipt, and newspaper clippings which document the Berkey family. The papers detail the daily activities of a soldier in the Civil War; the conditions and feeling of family and friends on the home front; and opinions on politics, religion, and war during this period. The collection primarily contains correspondence between Jameson Berkey, Mary Berkey, and John Marihugh. Other materials include Jameson's quartermaster inventories, accounts, and invoices; the correspondence of a relative, Lewis Berkey; and assorted materials. Prominent persons mentioned include Confederate president Jefferson Davis, Senator Stephen Douglas, General Ulysses S. Grant, General Robert E. Lee, Union General Thomas West Sherman, General William Tecumseh Sherman, John Wilkes Booth, Union General Robert Anderson, George B. McClellan, Union General John McAllister Schofield, Confederate General James Longstreet, Union General Nathaniel P. Banks, and President Abraham Lincoln (including his 1864 reelection and 1865 assassination). Important battles and campaigns mentioned include Antietam, Gettysburg, New Orleans, Vicksburg, and Sherman's march through Georgia. The Berkey family papers are part of the Wade Hall Collection of American letters, which includes correspondence and diaries from all over North America covering the time period of the Civil to Korean Wars. The materials were collected by Wade Hall and document everyday men and women. Preferred Citation note 2009ms132.0104 : [identification of item], Wade Hall Collection of American Letters: Berkey family papers, 1858-1867, undated, University of Kentucky Special Collections. Conditions Governing Use note Property rights reside with the University of Kentucky. The University of Kentucky holds the copyright for materials created in the course of business by University of Kentucky employees. Copyright for all other materials has not been assigned to the University of Kentucky. For information about permission to reproduce or publish, please contact Special Collections. Arrangement note Collection is arranged into four series: James J. Berkey papers, Mary A. Berkey correspondence, John Marihugh correspondence, and Assorted papers. Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871 Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss, 1816-1894 Berkey family Berkey, Jameson J., 1835-1925 Berkey, Mary Ann Marihugh, 1835-1900 Booth, John Wilkes, 1838-1865 Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889 Douglas, Stephen A., (Stephen Arnold), 1813-1861 Grant, Ulysses S., 1822-1885 Hall, Wade H. Lee, Robert E., (Robert Edward), 1807-1870 Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 Longstreet, James, 1821-1904 McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885 Schofield, John McAllister, 1831-1906 Sherman, William T., (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891 Antietam, Battle of, Md, 1862. Assassination--United States Atlanta Campaign, 1864. Civil War in the North Families of military personnel--United States Gettysburg, Battle of, Gettysburg, Pa., 1863 New Orleans, (La.)--History--Capture, 1862 Presidents--United States--Election--1864 United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Correspondence. United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Equipment and supplies. United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Public opinion. United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Social life and customs. United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865. Vicksburg (Miss.)--History--Siege, 1863 Jameson J. Berkey papers Series I. 1858-1865 Biographical Note Jameson J. Berkey (1835-1925) was born in Ohio to James A. Berkey and Elizabeth Faith. He married Mary Ann Marihugh in 1856 and made a home in West Union, Iowa. They had a son named Lewis C. Berkey born about 1856. Jameson was a lawyer, but joined the Union army during the Civil War as an officer in Company A of the Iowa 38th Infantry Regiment from 1863-1865. After two years in the army, he was promoted from Lieutenant to Captain and worked as a Quartermaster in 1864. He fought in the commands of William T. Sherman, George W. Morgan, and Nathaniel P. Banks throughout the states of Texas, Louisiana, and Mississippi. He survived the war and remained a lawyer in Iowa until his death in 1925. Scope and Contents note The Jameson J. Berkey series comprises correspondence, quartermaster materials, and a receipt. The series documents his life during the Civil War, camp life, battles, political arguments, and his personal relationship to those at home. The series is organized by form. The bulk of the series consists of Berkeys correspondence to his wife. Additionally, there are some letters from other family members and officers in his regiment. His correspondence deals with his impressions on the 1864 election, his feelings of daily activities in camp, and the various battles that he participate in. During the 1864 election, he was a democrat and often lectured his wife in his letters on Lincoln and McClellan. One battle in particular that he describes to his wife regards the fight between iron-clads at Fort Morgan (Box 162, Folder 7). His quartermaster materials include inventories, accounts, and invoices for supplies as well as several muster rolls. These papers document the duties of a quartermaster and the conditions of life in camp based on the materials available to the soldiers. Correspondence Subseries A. 1859-1865 General personal correspondence to Jameson J. Berkey 162 1 1862-1865 Jameson J. Berkey letters to Mary A. Berkey 162 2 1862 Jameson J. Berkey letters to Mary A. Berkey 162 3 1863 Jameson J. Berkey letters to Mary A. Berkey 162 4 1863 Jameson J. Berkey letters to Mary A. Berkey 162 5 1863 Jameson J. Berkey letters to Mary A. Berkey 162 6 1864 Jameson J. Berkey letters to Mary A. Berkey 162 7 1864 Jameson J. Berkey letters to Mary A. Berkey 162 8 1864 Jameson J. Berkey letters to Mary A. Berkey 162 9 1865 Jameson J. Berkey letters to Mary A. Berkey 162 10 undated Jameson J. Berkey and Mary A. Berkey invitations 162 11 1859-1863 Jameson J. Berkey military correspondence 162 12 1862-1864 Quartermaster papers Subseries B. 1864 Jameson J. Berkey quartermaster inventories 162 13 1864 Jameson J. Berkey quartermaster invoices 162 14 1864 Jameson J. Berkey quartermaster ordnance accounts 162 15 1864 Jameson J. Berkey quartermaster oversized papers 161 3 1864 Jameson J. Berkey quartermaster oversized papers 161 4 1864 Jameson J. Berky postage receipt Subseries C. 162 16 1858 Mary A. Berkey correspondence Series II. 1861-1866 Scope and Contents note Correspondence makes up the Mary A. Berkey series, and documents the conditions of the home front. The series is organized by form. The bulk of the series contains correspondence to Mary's husband, Jameson J. Berkey, during his time as soldier in the Union army. These letters pertain to the gossip around their hometown; conditions at home and of the family; and other news such as elections, battles, progress of the war, and plans for after the war. Other correspondence Mary received from relatives and friends concerning health; weather; the Civil War; and news about friends, family, or husbands that are soldiers. One section of letters to her husband in 1864 illustrates how women understood and participated in politics even before they could vote (Box 163, Folder 2). Biographical note Mary Ann Berkey (1835-1900) was born in New York to Roswell Marihugh and Elizabeth Rice. She married Jameson J. Berkey in 1856 and moved to his home in Iowa. They had one son named Lewis C. Berkey born in 1856. During the Civil War, she became a laundress to earn extra money. She actively participated in many of women's and Christian societies to help support the Union army. Mary E. Aimsworth letters to Mary A. Berkey 162 17 1864-1865 Cecilia Berkey letters to Mary A. Berkey 162 18 1864 Mary A. Berkey letters to Jameson J. Berkey 162 19 1862 Mary A. Berkey letters to Jameson J. Berkey 163 1 1863 Mary A. Berkey letters to Jameson J. Berkey 163 2 1864 Mary A. Berkey letters to Jameson J. Berkey 163 3 1864 M. Cory letters to Mary A. Berkey 163 4 1862-1866 Elvira and B. B. Crofsland letters to Mary A. Berkey 163 5 1862-1863 Francis Crofsland-McMasters letters to Mary A. Berkey 163 6 1862-1863 General personal correspondence to Mary A. Berkey 163 7 1862-1864 Lora Marihugh letters to Mary A. Berkey 163 8 1862 Stone family letters to Mary A. Berkey 163 9 1862-1865 John Marihugh correspondence Series III. 163 10 1861-1867 Scope and Contents note The John Marihugh series consists of correspondence and documents the daily activities, political concerns, and battles of a soldier in the Civil War. This series is organized by form. This series includes the correspondence of John to his two sisters, Mary and Lora, and his bother-in-law, Jameson. His correspondence relates his opinions on the 1864 election, the capture of Jefferson Davis, the Lincoln assassination, the capture of John Wilkes Booth, and the duties of a soldier. Several prominent figures are mentioned such as Abraham Lincoln, George B. McClellan, General Ulysses S. Grant, General Robert E. Lee, General William T. Sherman, John Wilkes Booth, Jefferson Davis, and Stephen Douglas. Biographical note John Marihugh (1858-1917) was born in New York to Roswell Marihugh and Elizabeth Rice. He spent most of his young adult life in the service of the Union army during the Civil War. He served as a private in Company E of the 21st Ohio Infantry from 1862-1863. He became a Corporal in Company E of the 42nd Wisconsin Infantry (1864-1865). In 1863, he married Martha J. Stackhouse in Ohio. They had four children: one son named Elmer and three daughters named Louisa, Alsina, and Nora. After the Civil War, he moved his family to Kansas where he continued his service in the Grand Army of the Republic and worked as a stock raiser. Assorted papers Series IV. 1866, undated Scope and Contents note The Assorted papers series comprises correspondence, a discharge form, envelopes, letter and music sheet fragments, newspaper clippings, paper cut-outs, swatches of cloth, and a metal box. This series is organized by form. The correspondence received by Lewis Berkey from an unidentified relative pertains to family gossip and health. The newspaper clipping contains a poem about the inconsistency of receiving letters in camp. Lewis Berkey correspondence 163 11 1866 Discharge form 163 12 undated Envelopes 163 13 undated Letter fragments 163 14 undated Metal box 164 undated Music sheet fragment 163 15 undated Newspaper clippings 163 16 undated Paper cut-outs 163 17 undated Swatches of cloth 163 18 undated Wade Hall Collection of American Letters: Berkey family papers