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Confederate and Union Generals Photographic Collection, ca. 1860s

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Processed by: Staff, Richard N. Leigh; machine-readable finding aid created by: Christian Trombetta


Confederate and Union Generals Photographic Collection


ca. 1860s


University of Kentucky Special Collections

Lexington, Kentucky 40506

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open to researchers by appointment.

Preferred Citation Note

[Identification of item], Confederate and Union Generals Photographic Collection, 80PA111, Special Collections, University of Kentucky.


.5 cu. ft. (1 box): 15 items


During the Civil War, a popular photographic process was albumen printing, and the most popular format for the print was the carte de visite. Albumen (the whites of eggs) was coated on photographic paper, to bond light-sensitive chemicals to the image. When done properly, this produced an image with superior tonality marked by purplish blacks and rich, warm color.

Since numerous albumen prints could quickly be manufactured from a single negative, popular albumen photographs could be cheaply mass-produced. Such was the case for this collection of Civil War generals (predominantly Confederate), that were distributed nationally much like baseball cards are today. This collection, while not comprehensive, does include portraits of Jefferson Davis, Alexander Hamilton Stephens, Robert E. Lee, and Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson.

Scope and Content

The Confederate and Union Generals Photographic Collection, ca. 1860s consists of fifteen images of Civil War generals. The first fourteen are albumen carte de visite portraits of individual Confederate generals and the last image is a gelatin developing-out paper (DOP) copy print portraying a group of Union generals.


  • Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893
  • Bragg, Braxton, 1817-1876
  • Buckner, S. B. (Simon Bolivar), 1823-1914
  • Confederate States of America
  • Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889
  • Davis, Varina, 1826-1906
  • Hill, Ambrose Powell, 1825-1865
  • Jackson, Thomas Jonathan, 1824-1863
  • Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862
  • Johnston, Joseph Eggleston, 1807-1891
  • Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870
  • Marshall, Humphrey, 1812-1872
  • Price, Sterling, 1809-1867
  • Stephens, Alexander Hamilton, 1812-1883
  • Thompson, Meriwether Jeff, 1826-1876
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Pictorial works

User Restrictions

Images are within the public domain.

Related Material

PA59M113, Special Collections, University of Kentucky.

PA96M3, Special Collections, University of Kentucky.

Warner, Ezra J. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1964.

Warner, Ezra J. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959.

Collection Inventory

Jefferson Davis (1808-1889); President of Confederate States of America, 1860's
[box: 1, item: 1] browse
Brigadier General Humphrey Marshall, (1812-1872) C.S.A.; U.S. Congressman (1849-1852, 1855-1859); diplomat to China (1852-1854) and elected to the Confederate Congress, 1860's
[box: 1, item: 2] browse
Brigadier General Meriwether Jeff Thompson (1826-1876) C.S.A.; Commander of the First Military District in Missouri, 1860's
[box: 1, item: 3] browse
Major General Simon Bolivar Buckner (1823-1914) C.S.A.; organized Kentucky State Militia, one of the most successful Confederate Generals, 1860's
[box: 1, item: 4] browse
Major General Sterling Price (1809-1867) C.S.A.; governor of Missouri, 1860's
[box: 1, item: 5] browse
General Albert Sidney Johnston (1083-1862) C.S.A.; Commanded western theater; killed at the Battle of Shiloh, 1860's
[box: 1, item: 6] browse
General Joseph Eggleston Johnston (1807-1891) C.S.A.; most senior ranked U.S. military figure to join the Confederacy, 1860's
[box: 1, item: 7] browse
Lieutenant General Ambrose Powell Hill (1825-1865) C.S.A.; killed during the siege of Petersburg, 1860's
[box: 1, item: 8] browse
Alexander Hamilton Stephens (1812-1883); Vice-President of the Confederate States of America, 1860's
[box: 1, item: 9] browse
General Robert Edward Lee (1807-1870) C.S.A.; eventually named commander-in-chief of Confederate forces, 1860's
[box: 1, item: 10] browse
General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (1818-1893) C.S.A.; commander at Fort Sumter, 1860's
[box: 1, item: 11] browse
General Braxton Bragg (1817-1876), C.S.A.; lead the Army of Tennessee to victory at the Battle of Chickamauga, 1860's
[box: 1, item: 12] browse
Lieutenant General Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson (1824-1863) C.S.A.; major victories at Manassas (twice), Antietam, Chancellorsville, 1860's
[box: 1, item: 13] browse
Varina Davis (Mrs. Jefferson Davis) (1826-1906); First Lady of the Confederate States of America, 1860's
[box: 1, item: 14] browse
A group picture of Union Generals: Jefferson C. Davis, William. B. Hagan, Oliver O. Howard, John A. Logan, Joseph A. Mouer, William T. Sherman and Dewey W. Slocum, 1880's
[box: 1, item: 15] browse