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John Clarence Watts Collection,1951-1971, 1951

Part of John Clarence Watts Collection,1951-1971

wattsGuide to the John Clarence Watts Collection, 1951-1971Processed by ..; Machine-readable finding aid created by...Special CollectionsUniversity of Kentucky Public Policy ArchivesUniversity of KentuckyMargaret I. King LibraryLexington, Kentucky40506-0039 USAPhone: (859) 257-8611Fax: (859) 257-6311Email: sclref@lsv.uky.eduURL: http://www.uky.edu/Libraries/libpage.php?lweb_id=464&llib_id=13 Copyright 1998University of Kentucky Libraries. All rights reserved. Processed by William Marshall; machine-readable finding aid created by Hilary WrittDescription is inEnglish Guide to the John Clarence Watts Collection, 1951-1971Contact InformationSpecial CollectionsUniversity of Kentucky Public Policy ArchivesUniversity of KentuckyMargaret I. King LibraryLexington, Kentucky40506-0039Phone: (859) 257-8634Fax: (859) 257-6311Email: sclref@lsv.uky.eduURL: http://www.uky.edu/Libraries/libpage.php?lweb_id=464&llib_id=13Processed by William Marshalldate completed 1999Encoded by Hilary Writt Copyright 1999 University of Kentucky. All rights reserved. John Clarence Watts Collection,1951-197173M7Watts, John Clarence, 1902-197197.2 cubic ft.The materials are in English.Special Collections, University of Kentucky Libraries,Lexington, KY 40506-0039 Copyright has not been assigned to the University of Kentucky.Collection is open for research.[Identification of item], John Clarence Watts Collection, 1951-1971, 73M7, Special Collections, University of Kentucky Libraries, Lexington.Congressional Career Following a state political career which began in 1928, John C. Watts entered the national political arena in 1951 by winning a special election held to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Thomas R. Underwood. Watts, a tobacco grower, banker, lawyer, and Democrat, was considered by many to be a moderate conservative. Kentucky's Sixth District, which he represented, has been characterized as a mixed agrarian-industrial area where the overriding political attitude is conservatism. Prior to Watts' election only one Republican had been sent to Congress from the District since the Civil War. During his first campaign, Watts emphasized the continued welfare of the tobacco farmer and established a reputation as a champion of the Burley Tobacco producer. In 1952 Watts was instrumental in obtaining a fair application of an "excepted minimum acreage" provision and thus assured equitable treatment for the small tobacco grower. He also assisted in the preparation of legislation which ultimately led to the curtailment of red card tobacco growing and allowed the Burley Tobacco program to be more effectively enforced. In addition, Watts was influential in securing national backing in behalf of a stable support price program for tobacco. Watts' efforts on behalf of tobacco were complemented by his activities in support of the whiskey industry. Soon after coming to the House of Representatives, the Congressman sponsored a successful resolution which called upon the Federal Government to ban the importation of whiskies produced in foreign nations which used the term "Bourbon" unless the country of origin appeared on the label as part of the name. This action served to enhance the market position of Kentucky produced Bourbon. Watts served on several committees while in the House of Representatives. These included the Committee on Agriculture, the Public Works Committee, and the Ways and Means Committee. At the time of his death he was the second ranking member of the Ways and Means Committee, one of the most influential bodies within Congress. Not only does the Ways and Means Committee control matters related to taxes, tariffs, and the Social Security Administration, but it also maintains supervision over committee assignments and general planning and programming of House activities. House of Representatives Committee Assignments May 1951 - January 1953 Public Works Committee January 1953 - January 1959 Committee on Agriculture Subcommittee on Tobacco Subcommittee on Poultry and Eggs, Chairman January 1959 - September 1971 Committee on Ways and Means Subcommittee on Administration of Social Security LawsSummary of Significant Events1902Born to William Montague and Francis Elizabeth (Wilson) Watts at Nicholasville, Kentucky on July 9.1925Received A.B. Degree from the University of Kentucky.1927Received L.L.B. Degree from the University of Kentucky.1928-1964Served as Democratic County Chairman in Jessamine County, Kentucky.1929-1933Served as Police Judge, Nicholasville, Kentucky.1933-1945Served as Jessamine County Attorney.1945Married Nora Mae Wilburn.1947-1948Elected to the Kentucky State Legislature and appointed Majority Floor Leader.1948-1951Appointed Commissioner of Motor Vehicles for the State of Kentucky.1951-1971Elected to United States House of Representatives in a Special Election during the 82nd Congress. Watts held this office until his death on September 24, 1971 at Lexington, Kentucky.Container ListLegislative SeriesThe Legislative Series consists of 93 boxes of material dating from the 82nd Congress through the 91st Congress (1951-1971). The papers are arranged alphabetically by House Committee and within chronologically. 82nd Congress (1951-1952) - Boxes 1-483rd Congress (1953-1954) - Boxes 5-1184th Congress (1955-1956) - Boxes 12-1885th Congress (1957-1958) - Boxes 19-2786th Congress (1959-1960) - Boxes 28-3787th Congress (1961-1962) - Boxes 38-4788th Congress (1963-1964) - Boxes 48-5989th Congress (1965-1966) - Boxes 60-6890th Congress (1967-1968) - Boxes 69-7991st Congress (1969-1970) - Boxes 80-93Subject SeriesThe Subject Series consists of 113 boxes of material generated during the period of 1951 to 1971. These papers are arranged alphabetically by topic and then either chronologically or alphabetically within each group. Subjects appear in the following order: 1.Agriculture and Tobacco2.Air Force3.Army4.Atomic Energy Commission5.Civil Aeronautics Board of Federal Aeronautics Administration6.Civil Defense Administration7.Civil Service Commission8.Commerce9.Defense10.Economic Stabilization Agency11.Equal Opportunity Employment Commission12.Executive Offices13.Federal Communications Commission14.Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and Federal Reserve15.Federal Home-Loan Bank Board16.Federal Power Commission17.Federal Security Agency18.Federal Trade Commission19.Food and Drug Administration20.Foreign Claims Settlement Commission and Foreign Operations21.Administration22.General Accounting Office23.General Services Administration24.Health, Education, Welfare25.Housing and Urban Development and Home Financing Agency26.Interior27.International Cooperative Administration28.Interstate Commerce Commission29.Justice30.Labor31.Maritime Commission32.National Aeronautics and Space Administration33.National Foundation on the Arts and Humanities34.National Labors Relation Board35.National Scientific Foundation36.Navy37.Office of Economic Opportunity38.Post Office39.Railroad Retirement Board40.Reconstruction Finance Corporation41.Securities and Exchange Commission42.Selective Service43.Small Business Administration44.State45.Tariff Commission46.Tennessee Valley Authority47.Transportation48.Treasury49.United States Information Agency50.VeteransMiscellaneous SeriesThe Miscellaneous Series, a group of 38 boxes of material dating from 1951 to 1971, is divided into six sub-series which are arranged in alphabetical order. Items of Memorabilia are also included. In each sub-series materials are grouped alphabetically by their topic and then from within they are arranged either alphabetically or chronologically or both. Sub-Series: General Files - Boxes 207-216Kentucky Government - Boxes 217-222Newsletters and News Releases - Boxes 223-225Personal Files (Watts' voting record and some speeches) - Boxes 226-227Positions (Patronage Correspondence) - Boxes 228-236Service Academies - Boxes 237-241 Memorabilia - Scrapbooks, Plaques, and Framed Awards and Documents.John Clarence Watts Collection,1951-1971