408 HIGHWAYS AND BYWAYS
i constant five-foot channel. Its name was suggested by its color, which
is caused by the depth of the water. (
At 153.3 m. is a junction with US 41 (see Tour 8), which is united
with US 60 between this point and Henderson.
HENDERSON, 154.7 m. (382 alt., 11,688 pop.), seat of Henderson
County, is on the high red bluffs facing the mile-wide Ohio River.
Many wellkept country estates and spacious old homes are on the I
wooded hills. The town was founded by the Transylvania Company
(later known as the Richard Henderson Company) in the year 1797,
on 200,000 acres granted to the company by the State. The first settle-
ment, made in and around the old stockaded village of Red Banks, was
named for Col. Richard Henderson, leader of the company.
On the original plat of the town, which is in the courthouse, all the
streets were 100 feet wide, and the entire river fronttwo and a quarter '
miles long-was municipal property. Today these wide thoroughfares
and this river front, which is being made into a continuous park, are _
among Hendersons most attractive features. On a hill in T1zANsYL-
VANIA PARK, which divides the town, is the HENDERSON COUNTY
COURTHOUSE, a twostory building of stuccoed brick, completed in
1842. A pedimented Greek Revival portico with four Doric columns
and an octagonal cupola relieve its austerity. Six large tablets in the
courthouse record the exploits and achievements of the Transylvania (
Company from the time it sent Boone to cut a trail into the wilderness
to the founding of Henderson.
john james Audubon, the ornithologist, whose home was here from
1810 to 1819, lived in a little log house near the corner of Main and
2d Sts. On the same corner was his general merchandise store and
near by his frog and turtle pond. Second St. was formerly known as
the Old Mill Rd., being the route used from the country to Audubons g
The Locxmtr House (open), at the corner of Elm and jefferson Sts.,
is a one-story frame dwelling on a brick foundation. It was built in
1856 for judge Paschal Hickman Lockett, nephew of Capt. Paschal
Hickman, one of the heroes of the Battle of the River Raisin during
the War of 1812. In the sitting room of this house is the first coal-oil `
lamp used in Henderson County. It was brought from New Orleans
by judge Lockett in 1856. In 1862, when the news came to judge
Lockett that the Federal soldiers had crossed the Ohio, and, under the
command of Captain Shanklin of Evansville, Ind., were stationed in .
the woods near his home, he had the slaves remove part of the cellar (
wall and dig a trench in which he hid valuables as well as the C.0ntents
of the smokehouse and other provender. The massive front door still
shows the scars made by the gun butts of soldiers who were attempting
to gain entrance, when Captain Shanklin, having just learned that Mrs. V
Lockett was his former sweetheart, restrained them.
_ The LAZARUS Pownm. Housn (open), 216 South Elm St., was built
in 1818 by the father of Lazarus W. Powell, United States Senator and E