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Image 540 of Kentucky : a guide to the Bluegrass state

Part of Kentucky Works Progress Administration Publications

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422 HIGHWAYS AND BYWAYS When the real work of pioneering began, many of the first settlers th left the settlement; some had joined the expedition merely from rest- ge lessness and a love of adventure; others found that the government in ar the wilderness was no more to their liking than the one back home, hz and returned to Virginia; and yet others became frightened by ac- hc counts of Indian activities and sought safer spots. But in the fall came m· new recruits, among them George Rogers Clark, later the hero of the a Northwest Territory; he had been surveying for the Ohio Company and was picking out choice sections of land for himself, as was the Cz custom of the time. Another arrival was Simon Kenton (see Tour 15), bc who had fled into the wilderness because he thought he had killed a In man in a fist-ii ht. ch By the timegthe Boone women arrived in September cabins and ov furniture of a sort were in the making, and the women were soon busy th with soap kettles and spinning wheels. They helped to lay aside sup- plies for the winter, while the men continued to collect pelts for trade. 10; Colonel Henderson soon found that purchase from the Cherokee was ya one thing, but recognition of that purchase by Great Britain or Virginia, It quite another. His title was not confirmed. Opposition to the trans- th action came first from the assembly, jealous of its domain, and later from the settlers at Harrodsburg (see Harrodsburg), angered at being na thrust into the background by Henderson’s intruders. In 1776 George th Rogers Clark and john Gabriel jones were sent from Harrodsburg to th the Virginia Assembly with a petition to have Kentucky set apart as a pc county. The assembly ignored the protests of Henderson—who had we paid the Indians 10,000 pounds and, with his men, had labored vigor- hi: ously to keep.Transylvania going—and granted Clark’s petition. By B4 way of consolation, the Virginia Assembly in 1778 granted Henderson gc 200,000 acres in the new county, between the Ohio and Green Rivers, H, today the county bearing his name (see Tour 16). se; Danger from Indians at Fort Boonesboro was meanwhile growing Sh acute. It came to a head july 14, 1776, when two daughters of Colonel ca Callaway and the one daughter of Daniel Boone were captured by m. Indians while on the river just outside the fort. Their cries were heard; Boone and Col. john Floyd, leading a party of eight, in which were pr the suitors of the three girls, started in pursuit. The Indians had fled {jc northward in the direction of their villages across the Ohio, a trail that us took them close to the present Winchester, North Middletown, and hij Carlisle; To guide rescuers Elizabeth Callaway had broken twigs émd ot brush and scattered them as she walked; in spite of threats, she next ba tore bits of clothing and let them fall on the path. Although her fellow be captives had been persuaded to put on moccasins, Elizabeth kept her IO shoes On and, as she walked, dug her heels deep into the gr0llHd- yi; Boone and his little band shortly overtook the Indians, who fled, leav- CO ing the girls unharmed. Early in 1778, returning from a salt-making expedition, Boone and ju 15 companions were captured by the Shawnee who demanded that they be shown the way to Boonesboro. Boone, who knew how unprepared