TOUR IQ 4 39
e Southwest of the crest of Pine Mountain, US 119 passes down the
_ great corridor formed by Pine (R) and Black Mountains (L). For 75
miles the highway parallels the Cumberland River.
> The origin of the settlers in this region is unmistakable. Their
. "ballets" (ballads) are relics inherited from their English and Scottish
¤ forebears, though time and place have resulted in local variations.
. "Sweet William and Lady Margery," "Sourwood Mountain" (named
for the sourwood tree which grows in profusion on the mountains), the
"Merry Golden Tree," "Hangman’s Song," and "Lovin’ Nancy" are
; popular favorites, most of them very old. A few modern ballads on
· mining themes, chiefly tragedies, were brought in by Pennsylvania
. miners, among them "Western Union Telegram" and "Down in a Coal
e Mine." Speech here is vivid and fresh. When all goes well a man is
. "happy as a ’possum up a ’simmon tree with a dog a mile off." After
· a really close call he will say, "If hell were biled down to a pint, it
. wouldn’t be ez hot ez the place I war in." "Black as a wolf’s mouth,"
e "sweet-smellin’ ez a plum-granite," "fme as fur in the N orth," are pio-
neer relics. "Don’t fault your elders," "Wagon the deceased to the
= graveyard," and "She feathered him too much" are reminders of the
· basic English of the first American settlers from Britain. The people
, live in a "house-room," are patients of a "doctor-man," and a "tooth-
, dentist," hunt with a "rifle—gun," and go to a "jail-house."
CUMBERLAND, 112.2 m. (1,430 alt., 2,639 pop.), is a mining town
, whose civic and industrial activities have been stimulated by the build-
. ing of the highway.
, Left from Cumberland on State 160, hard surfaced, to LYNCH, 4.5 m. (1,712
‘ alt., 7,000 pop.), a mining center at the headwaters of Looney Creek. Out of
* what was little more than a wilderness in 1917, Lynch has been developed by the ‘
United States Coal & Coke Company, whose 42,000 acres of coal land contain four
l known workable seams. The tipple (cradledump) here is unusually large. The
_ Greeks, Italians, and Syrians, who form the majority of the small foreign popula-
’ tion, have retained many national customs that give color to local entertainments.
The worst labor disturbance hereoccurred in 1934, when 700 employees were
discharged and several hundred sympathizers quit. Some of the men eventually
. returned to the mines without working agreements; others, who refused to do this,
' were driven out of the mining camps.
; On State 160 at 8 m., BIG BLACK MOUNTAIN (4,150 alt.), the highest peak
E in Kentucky, is seen (R). Its tree-crowned crest is visible for miles.
. At 9 m. State 160 crosses the Virginia Line, becoming VA. 67, which leads into
I US 23.
’ DILLON, 122 m. (1,248 alt., 21 pop.), is chiefly a crossroads.
. Right from Dillon 2 m. on a dirt road to the entrance of KENTENIA STATE
L FOREST of 3,624 acres on the slope of Pine Mountain. This, the only State V
forest in Kentucky, is used for a forest nursery and 15 being developed for recrea-
_ A steel OBSERVATION Towmz, 4.2 m., 100 feet in height, affords an exceptional
· view of Pine Mountain.
' Pmn MoUN1·An~r Sn1·rr.nMm~m· Scnoor., 8 m. (1,756 alt.), was founded in 1913 ‘
E through the generosity of William Creech—"Uncle William" as he was affection-
ately known in the neighborhood. The school provides education for boys and