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Anne and Harry M. Caudill Collection, 1854

Part of Anne and Harry M. Caudill Collection

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91m2 Guide to the Anne and Harry M. Caudill Collection, 1854-1996 91M2 Finding aid prepared by Processed by Kate Black; machine-readable finding aid created by Eric Weig University of Kentucky Special Collections Special Collections Margaret I. King Building, North Lexington, KY, 40506-0039 (859) 257-8611 SCLREF@LSV.UKY.EDU 2005 This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2012-07-30T13:18-0400 Description is in English. Anne and Harry M. Caudill Collection 91M2 University of Kentucky Special Collections 48.0 Cubic feet 1854-1996 Conditions Governing Access note Collection is open for research. Conditions Governing Use note Copyright has not been assigned to the University of Kentucky. Preferred Citation note [Identification of item], Anne and Harry M. Caudill Collection, 1854-1996, 91M2, Special Collections and Digital Programs, University of Kentucky Libraries, Lexington Biographical/Historical note Harry Monroe Caudill During his life of sixty-eight years, Harry Caudill played active roles in local, state, and national arenas. A lawyer by profession, he practiced in his native Letcher County for twenty-eight years after receiving his law degree from the University of Kentucky in 1948 and also served as President of the Letcher County Bar Association. As a politician, he completed three two-year terms (elected in 1953, 1955, and 1959) in the Kentucky House of Representatives, during which he helped produce a stinging report on the status of Kentucky education and helped advocate better strip-mining control laws. In addition, as an educator, he taught Appalachian history for eight years in the University of Kentucky's history department. Finally, he served his country during WWII in North Africa and Italy, where he received a leg injury that plagued him for the rest of his life. However, Caudill was best known nationally for his role as a writer-of about 80 newspaper essays, 50 odd magazine articles, more than 120 lectures and speeches, and 10 books-who drew attention to the social, economic, and environmental problems the coal industry had caused in his region, earning him the moniker "Upton Sinclair of the coal fields." He wanted the nation to develop a more objective understanding of Appalachia along with a new land ethic. Caudill, who spent much of his life preoccupied with such public and conservation problems, was somewhat unique in his criticism and activism because he was produced by the situations he wrote about. Born on May 3, 1922, on Long Branch in Letcher County, this tireless regional advocate was among the sixth generation of the Caudill family in the Whitesburg, Kentucky area. (James Caudill, his great-grandfather, built a cabin in Letcher County, near the headwaters of the Kentucky River, around 1792.) His interest in socio-political issues stemmed from spending many of his boyhood days in the courthouse of his "dear old Letcherous County," where his father, a disabled former miner, was clerk and actively participated in many political campaigns. Add this to a natural story-telling ability inherited from his rich mountain culture, and the result was a book that opened the eyes of officials in Washington and people from around the nation: Night Comes to the Cumberlands, published in 1963. Caudill became the "voice" of Appalachia almost overnight, and, in a writing career that spanned nearly thirty years, he made people think-about the poverty in Appalachia, about the ravages of strip-mining, about a region historically plundered and neglected by its nation. Caudill was ably supported by his wife, Anne Frye Caudill of Cynthiana, Kentucky-with whom he fathered three children: James, Diana, and Harry Frye and who not only closely assisted him in his research and writing but also coordinated his public appearances and numerous tours of the region given to journalists and conservationists. Their partnership resulted in the writing of several additional books and numerous articles and lectures which communicated Caudill's visionary ideas. He wanted everyone in and outside of Appalachia to feel the urgency of the realization that haunted him: the knowledge of how important it was for the region to get out from under the shadow of coal and stand on its own. He recommended forming a "Southern Mountain Authority" modeled on the Tennessee Valley Authority (which he saw as a good model in its early years despite its later faults); he successfully enlisted the aid of many nationally prominent organizations, including the National Audubon Society and the Sierra Club, in the fight against strip mining, and he acted as liaison and mediator for local anti-strip mining groups like the Pike County Citizens Association and the Appalachian Group to Save the Land and People. After years of such unflagging advocacy, Caudill was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. He died by his own hands on November 29, 1990, on his much-loved Whitesburg homestead. Scope and Contents note The University of Kentucky Library Special Collections received the gift of Anne and Harry Caudills' papers and photographs over a period of three years, from May of 1988 to November of 1990. Filling over one hundred archival boxes, each holding approximately one-half cubic foot and spanning over forty years, from the late 1940s to 1990, it is a rich archive. The papers illuminate the Caudills' own work in various arenas, such as the environment and development, but also document, for example, the anti-strip mining work of Save Our Kentucky (SOK) and the development theories laid out by the Congress for Appalachian Development (CAD). The subject files, probably the meatiest part for most researchers and comprising about 30% of the collection, contain correspondence and clippings arranged topically, then chronologically. Broad areas include "Development in Appalachia," "Education," "Environment," "Politics," and "War on Poverty." Each category is further broken down into more specific groupings. For example, the subject "Environment" is separated into such sub-divisions as "Red River Gorge Dam," "Lilley's Woods," "Strip Mining," and "White House Conference on Natural Beauty." Another important part of the collection is the "Correspondence" section and, like the subject files, it is organized topically, then chronologically. Here, a researcher can examine the breadth of Caudill's influence on shaping people's definitions of Appalachia and Appalachians as well as on the molding of government policy at both the federal and state levels. In-coming and out-going correspondence about Night Comes to the Cumberlands alone fills five boxes and spans from publication date in 1963 to 2005. The sheer volume of the letters is remarkable, as is the diversity of people who read and were influenced by the book--from government officials to students living out West. The collection does include more standard archival fare: a complete run of Caudill's published articles and manuscripts of much of his writing. Yet, amongst these, there are some not-so-usual items, such as manuscripts of his government testimonies and speeches and lectures delivered throughout the country. Finally, the collection contains reviews of Caudill's books; biographical materials; a box of papers illustrating his involvement in a number of documentary films and radio and television programs; and a fascinating compilation of articles/sources Caudill consulted in his own research. Related Material The accompanying photograph collection (PA91M2) is small but contains some pieces worth noting. Of particular interest are the excellent War on Poverty photographs, many of which are professional quality prints taken by photojournalists for national publications who traveled to the Letcher Co. area. The pictures documenting the environmental degradation caused by strip mining in eastern Kentucky in the 1960s are also worth notice. The Caudills gave materials to other libraries and archives: Appalshop holds some audio tapes of radio interviews with Caudill; Northern Kentucky University received much of his and Anne's excellent book collection on Kentucky and Appalachian history, literature, and sociology; and Berea College has many of his book manuscripts. Finding aid Finding aid located in Breckinridge Research Room. Caudill, Anne F. Caudill, Harry M., 1922-1990. Coal mines and mining--Appalachian Region--History. Coal mines and mining--Economic aspects--Appalachian Region. Coal mines and mining--Economic aspects--Kentucky. Coal mines and mining--Environmental aspects--Appalachian Region. Coal mines and mining--Environmental aspects--Kentucky. Coal mines and mining--Kentucky--History. Coal mines and mining--Social aspects--Appalachian Region. Coal mines and mining--Social aspects--Kentucky. Community development--Appalachian Region. Community development--Kentucky. Poverty--Appalachian Region Poverty--Kentucky. Strip mining--Environmental aspects--Kentucky. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS I ARTICLES i "Compassion for a Region" by Fred Luigart, Jr. Louisville Courier-Journal Magazine, July 7, 1963 1 1 "Caudill's in Another Fight" by Fred W. Luigart, Jr. Louisville Courier-Journal Magazine, November 17, 1963 1 2 "Caudill Analyzes Causes, Proposes Poverty Remedies." Louisville Courier-Journal, May 10, 1964, Section 4 [from U. S. News and World Report interview, May 11, 1964] 1 3 "We Are on Our Way to Becoming a Welfare Reservation." U. S. News and World Report, Vol. 56, no. 19 (May 11, 1964) 1 4 "Caudill Urges New Tack on Appalachia" by Margaret Paschke. Kentucky Post, March 17, 1965 1 5 "Harry Caudill: God's Angry Mountaineer." Appalachian South, Fall and Winter 1965 [editorial; includes manuscript and published versions] 1 6 "The Lonely War of a Good, Angry Man" by David G. McCullough. American Heritage, December 1969 [for correspondence between Caudill and McCullough about this article, see Box 62, Folder 2] 1 7 "The Caudills' Environment" by Carol Sutton. Louisville Courier- Journal & Times, February 1, 1970, Section G 1 8 "Strip Mining Foe Keeps Battling" by Jack Trawick. Winston-Salem Journal and Sentinel, March 22, 1970 1 9 "An Interview with Harry Caudill." Coal Facts, Vol. 1, no. 5 (January 28, 1972) [transcript of NBC's Frank McGee interview televised on the "Today" show, January 7, 1972] 1 10 "Harry Caudill and His Land" by Colman McCarthy. Washington Post, July 7, 1972 1 11 "A Rhetorical Analysis: Harry M. Caudill Address to the Kentucky Press Association January 24, 1970" by Linda Foote. August 2, 1972 [unpublished student seminar paper] 1 12 "Harry Monroe Caudill--A Study in Regional Oratory" by Donald Felty. Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, 1972 [Master's thesis] 1 13 "Kentucky is a Mix of Violence, Coal and Smiles" by J.A.C. Dunn. Winston-Salem Journal and Sentinel, September 7, 1974 2 1 "Honorary Mountaineer of the Month: Harry Caudill, Fighter for a Lost Cause?" by Greg Carannante and Jim Webb. Mountain Call, Vol. 2, no. 3 (April 1975) 2 2 "The Plowboy Interview: Harry Caudill." Mother Earth News, Vol. 1, no. 34 (July 1975) 2 3 "Prophet of Environmentalists: Kentucky Author Harry Caudill Still Worried About Future" by Mary Buckner. Lexington Herald- Leader, February 1, 1976 2 4 "Has Harry Caudill Mellowed?" by John Ed Pearce. Louisville Courier Journal & Times Magazine, June 6, 1976 2 5 "Caudill Looks Back and Ahead as He Takes Leave of His Hills--For Awhile" by Scott Payton. Lexington Herald-Leader, August 28, 1977 2 6 "Press Essential to 'Save the Day'" by W. E. Chilton III and James F. Dent. Charleston Gazette-Mail, August 27, 1978 [interview] 2 7 "From Politics to Books, Harry Caudill Is Still Thinking" by Kevin Osbourn. Kentucky Kernel, April 29, 1980 2 8 "Harry Caudill Still Beating the Drum for Appalachia" by Lee Mueller. Lexington Herald-Leader, March 8, 1981 2 9 "Harry M. Caudill in His Own Words" by Elizabeth Rouse. Kentucky Monthly, Vol. 2, no. 5 (April 1981)[interview] 2 10 "The 'Other' Harry Caudill: A Critique" by Alice Cornett. Kentucky Coal Journal, April 1981 2 11 "Caudill's Works Are Filled With Inaccuracies, Hazard Writer Says." Lexington Herald-Leader, April 19, 1981 [reprint of "The 'Other' Harry Caudill: A Critique," in Kentucky Coal Journal, April 1981 and includes a "Counterpoint" by Caudill] 2 12 "An Interview With Harry Caudill" by Stephen L. Fischer and J. W. Williamson. Appalachian Journal, Vol. 8, no. 4 (Summer 1981) 2 13 "Hulking 6-Footer Drove Home Ugliness of 'Welfarism' for Kentucky Muckraker" by C. Fraser Smith. Baltimore Sun, November 13, 1981 2 14 "Appalachia: Tracking the Character of a People Through the Hills" and "Appalachia 's Progressive Destination" by Ron Larson. Roanoke Times & World Report, March 28, 1982 and April 4, 1982 [from an interview done in December 1981] 2 15 "Harry Caudill and the Burden of Mountain Liberalism" by Ronald D. Eller. Proceedings of the 5th Annual Appalachian Studies Conference, 1982 [manuscript and revised published version] 2 16 "Night Comes to the Cumberlands. Twenty Years After and Twenty Years Ahead" by William T. Cornett. Troublesome Creek Times, June 30, 1982 2 17 "Ravages of Strip Mining Still Exist" by Jim Warren. Lexington Herald-Leader, March 7, 1983 [interview] 2 18 "As the World Turns: The Melodrama of Harry Caudill" by Steve Fisher. Appalachian Journal, Spring 1984 [essay is also a review of Theirs Be The Power] 2 19 "We Need Community--But How?" Mountain Spirit, November-December 1984 [interview with Caudill and Father Ralph Beiting] 2 20 "Harry Caudill, Noted Appalachian Author, Leaving UK for Home" by Katy McCrocklin. Kentucky Journal, Vol. 1, no. 13 (May 2, 1985) 2 21 "Harry Caudill in Retirement: He Remains a Mountain Rebel" by Judy Jones Lewis. Lexington Herald-Leader, October 26, 1986 2 22 "The Mountain, The Miners, and Mister Caudill" by John G. Mitchell. Audubon, November 1988 2 23 "Harry Caudill and Wife Anne Work for Better East Kentucky" by William T. Cornett. Mountain Eagle, April 12, 1989 2 24 "Interview with Anne Frye Caudill" by Mary Ellen Elsbernd. February and March 1990 [unpublished as of April 1995] 2 25 "Voice of the Mountains" by Jim Warren. Lexington Herald-Leader, April 29, 1990 2 26 "An Interview With Harry Caudill" by Mary Ellen Elsbernd and James C. Claypool. Journal of Kentucky Studies, Vol. 7 (September 1990) 2 27 "Mountain Lawyer's Writings Draw Nation's Attention to Kentucky Highlands" by William T. Cornett. Kentucky Explorer, November 1990 2 28 "Harry Caudill's Appalachia" by Colman McCarthy. Washington Post, December 8, 1990 2 29 "The Man Who Loved the Mountains" by Tom Gish. Appalachia, Vol. 24, no.2 (Spring 1991) 2 30 "A Tribute to Harry M. Caudill" by Loyal Jones. Appalachian Heritage, Vol. 19, no. 2 (Spring 1991) 2 31 "A Research Paper on Harry Monroe Caudill" by Sherri L. Cook. April 21, 1992 [unpublished student paper] 2 32 "Harry Caudill's 'Night Comes to the Cumberlands' Marks 30th Anniversary" by Thomas T. Ross. Kentucky Explorer, September 1993 2 33 "Ups and Downs: Caudill Was Right; A Vote For Tax Equity." Lexington Herald-Leader, May 28, 1994 2 34 AWARDS AND HONORS ii General i May 7, 1937-June 14, 1970 3 1 January 18, 1971-March 6, 1979 3 2 March 20, 1980-August 1996; N.d. 3 3 Eastern Kentucky University Honorary Degree ii Scope and Contents note The president and the faculty senate of Eastern Kentucky University nominated Caudill for an honorary doctorate degree in 1970. But Eastern's board of regents rejected the recommendation when two members on the board objected to awarding Caudill on grounds that he was too controversial. June 6, 1970-July 6, 1970; N.d. 3 4 The "Roast", October 30, 1986 iii Scope and Contents note Caudill was honored at a "Banquet and Roast" on October 30, 1986 at the University of Kentucky. This was part of the program at the "On the Land and Economy of Appalachia" conference sponsored by the University's Appalachian Center. The occasion was also intended to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the writing of Night Comes to the Cumberlands. [Caudill's speech delivered at the banquet is filed with Manuscripts--Lectures and Speeches in Box 75, Folder 36.] June 16, 1986-December 7, 1986 3 5 Dedication of Caudill Appalachian Studies Book Collection to Northern Kentucky University, March 29, 1990 iv November 11, 1988-November 7, 1991 3 6 Harry M. Caudill Memorial Public Library Dedication, May 22, 1994 v Scope and Contents note [includes background materials on the development of the project] November 21, 1990-June 1, 1994 3 7 CLIPPINGS iii May 3, 1922-December 31, 1999; N.d. 4 1 Biographical Sketch, Biographical Sources, Professional Life, Public Service, Memberships, Awards, Honorary Degrees, Television Appearances [compiled by Anne Caudill] 4 2 "Anne Frye Caudill" [biographical sketch by Anne Caudill] c1990 with 1994 postscript 4 3 OBITUARIES iv News reports, editorials, and commentaries concerning Caudill's death on November 29, 1990 [compiled by Anne Caudill]. 5 1-2 Letters of sympathy received by Anne Caudill. November 29, 1990-December 9, 1990 5 3 Letters of sympathy received by Anne Caudill. December 10, 1990-August 11, 1991 5 4 Appalachian Heritage issue "Commemorating Harry M. Caudill" Vol. 21, no.2 (Spring 1993) 5 5 SUBJECT FILES II DEVELOPMENT IN APPALACHIA i General i Scope and Contents note Correspondence and clippings concerning Caudill's interest in various possibilities for Appalachian economic development, including power development, appeals for expansion of national forests, and attempts to attract industry to the area. August 14, 1958-December 19, 1963 6 1 January 9, 1964-December 10, 1964 6 2 January 25, 1965-November 24, 1966 6 3 April 28, 1967-September 22, 1972 6 4 August 15, 1973-December 7, 1979 6 5 January 7, 1980-July 24, 1983 6 6 February 16, 1984-November 14, 1988 6 7 January 2, 1989-April 4, 1991 6 8 Appalachian Regional Commission ii Scope and Contents note Files include correspondence and clippings about the Area Redevelopment Act of 1961 which was passed to promote new opportunities in both rural and urban areas suffering from a high unemployment rate; the President's Appalachian Regional Commission (PARC), created by President Kennedy in 1963 to develop a plan of economic and social development for the Appalachian region; and the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) formed under President Johnson as a federal-state agency to continue PARC's work. Mid 1961-April 29, 1964 7 1 May 6, 1964-November 18, 1990; N d. 7 2 Common Heritage iii Scope and Contents note A corporation on whose board of directors Caudill served. Supported by grants and membership drives, Common Heritage worked to reverse out-migration from eastern Kentucky. This was attempted by supplying lists of skilled migrants willing to return for employment to companies considering the location of plants in eastern Kentucky. The assurance of a skilled labor force was intended to act as an inducement. October 5, 1971-March 1972; N.d. 7 3 Congress for Appalachian Development(CAD) iv Scope and Contents note On September 17, 1966, Caudill and E.S. Fraley, a farmer from Bristol, Virginia, called a meeting of Appalachian residents interested in developing local resources. A steering committee meeting was held in Charleston, West Virginia, on October 15, 1966, and CAD was officially incorporated on November 25, 1966. CAD advocated public utility districts (PUDS) modeled after those of Chelan County in Washington state. Kirby Billingsly, manager of the Chelan County PUD, was instrumental in providing information. Publicly owned power plants were to be built near the mouths of coal mines and the power produced would be sold across the eastern U.S. Industry would be attracted to the area and new towns would be formed. [For more on PUDS, see folders in the "Environment" section (Subject Files) on the Northern Plains Resource Council.] Besides the Caudills, other prominent members of CAD included Senator Paul Kaufman (W.Va.), Gordon Ebersole, who devoted much of his time to CAD after his retirement from the Area Redevelopment Administration (Dept. of the Interior), and Lewis Smith, a Denver engineer, formerly with the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. In addition to Caudill's publications, CAD was widely publicized in articles by John Fetterman, William Blizzard, Ben Franklin, and others. However, the large financial backing that was hoped for never materialized, even though appeals were made to foundations, celebrities (e g. Lawrence Welk), and labor unions like the United Mine Workers and the United Auto Workers. [For other related activities, see the folders in this section on Eastern Kentucky Public Power Development and Yankee-Dixie Power Association.] July 8, 1963-September 21, 1966 [pre-CAD] 7 4 October 15, 1966-January 31, 1967 7 5 February 1, 1967-February 27, 1967 7 6 March 1, 1967-March 31, 1967 8 1 April 2, 1967-April 26, 1967 8 2 May 1, 1967-May 31, 1967 8 3 June 1, 1967-June 29, 1967 8 4 July 3, 1967-September 28, 1967 8 5 October 9, 1967-December 15, 1967 8 6 January 2, 1968-October 15, 1968 9 1 January 7, 1969-May 20, 1970 9 2 February 1, 1971-March 22, 1990; N.d. 9 3 Corporate Responsibility for Development v Scope and Contents note In August 1978, Caudill spoke to a Charleston, West Virginia, neighborhood meeting about the problems facing Appalachia. He called for the large corporations, especially those involved in coal, gas, and oil extraction, to return some of their wealth to the area for education and economic development. The speech was widely covered in the news media and received tremendous public response. Kentucky's Berea College was the site of several meetings between representatives of the coal industry, including Harry Laviers, Jr., then president of South East Coal Company and the Kentucky Coal Association, J. L. Jackson, president of Falcon Coal, Caudill, various educators, and others interested in a socioeconomic conference on Appalachia. Caudill was particularly concerned about the large portion of Appalachian land and resources controlled by absentee ownership. George Atkins adopted Caudill's ideas on corporate responsibility in 1978 when he sought the Democratic nomination for governor of Kentucky. [See also the "Taxation" files, Box 31; e.g. if corporations failed to contribute voluntarily, Caudill advocated an increase in severance tax] c. early 1970s-December 17, 1979 9 4 December 22, 1980-November 28, 1990; N.d. 9 5 East Kentucky Economic Development and Job Creation Corporation vi Scope and Contents note On April 29-30, 1988, over two hundred people attended an East Kentucky Leadership Conference held in Hazard, Kentucky, and sponsored by eastern Kentucky's Area Development Districts. Public officials attending included Dr. Grady Stumbo, Hazard mayor Bill Gorman, and Pike County Judge Paul Patton. The opening talk was given by U.S. Rep. Chris Perkins. The conference was organized by the "Knott County group," including former state Rep. Bill Weinberg, state Sen. Benny Ray Bailey, and Mike Mullins, director of the Hindman Settlement School. An Economic Summit was held in July 1989 for representatives of the twenty-two mountain counties; and, on October 8, 1989, approximately seventy-five mayors, county judge executives, legislators, and business leaders from the Economic Summit met in Prestonsburg to organize an East Kentucky Economic Development Commission. The primary purpose of this commission was the creation of jobs for eastern Kentuckians. In 1990, the General Assembly created the East Kentucky Economic Development and Job Creation Corporation to serve forty-three counties in eastern Kentucky. Percy Elkins was named to coordinate the jobs program. A reception and dinner was held in Washington, D.C., in the summer of 1990 for leaders of corporations involved in coal, oil, gas, utilities, railroads, banking, and manufacturing in order to raise $1.2 million to start a regional economic development fund. The file contains newspaper clippings, correspondence, and memos concerning meetings. Articles by Caudill are included. April 29, 1988-August 20, 1991 9 6 Eastern Kentucky Housing vii Scope and Contents note Includes clippings, correspondence, and proposals by various groups, such as the Council of the Southern Mountains, relating to possible solutions for housing problems. August 23, 1966-January 18, 1979; N.d 9 7 Eastern Kentucky Public Power Development viii Scope and Contents note Includes correspondence and other information on groups and individuals interested in establishing a power generating plant in eastern Kentucky including Senator John Sherman Cooper (KY), Gordon Ebersole from the Department of the Interior, and the American Public Power Association. Appeals were made to Under Secretary of Commerce, Franklin D. Roosevelt., Jr., by Caudill, Stewart Udall, the Secretary of the Interior, and others for endorsement of the idea by the President's Appalachian Regional Commission(PARC). Roosevelt, however, did not recommend the plan. Caudill retained his interest in development of power plants with his involvement in the Congress for Appalachian Development and the Yankee-Dixie Power Association. Includes documents about the Mountain Parkway and the Whitesburg by-pass. Caudill thought that improved roads would help stimulate the local economy. March 8, 1961-August 28, 1963 10 1 August 30, 1963-September 30, 1963 10 2 October 1, 1963-January 30, 1964 10 3 February 5, 1964-July 15, 1964 10 4 August 7, 1964-February 26, 1965; N.d. 10 5 1959-August 2, 1989 11 1 Junked Cars ix Scope and Contents note Correspondence with Gene Foley, Assistant Secretary of Commerce regarding the problem of junked cars along eastern Kentucky roadsides. May 11, 1966-May 27, 1966 11 2 Kentucky Appalachian Foundation (KAF) x Scope and Contents note Formed for the purpose of establishing and developing the cultural, educational, and economic needs of eastern Kentucky, organizers of the foundation included John Hall, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, Ashland Oil, Inc.; G.B. Johnson, Chairman of the Board, First American Bank; Robert E. Matthews, President and Chief Operating Officer, Kentucky Power Company; and Dr. Morris Norfleet, President Emeritus, Morehead State University. More than seventy corporate officers were invited to a meeting in Ashland in January 1987 since KAF stressed business rather than political leadership. Each member was asked to pay $1000 in membership fees and serve on one of three task forces: education, quality of life, and economic development. Caudill served on the education task force. The file consists primarily of correspondence between Caudill and other members. January 6, 1987-September 9, 1988 11 3 Kentucky River Basin Steering Committee xi Scope and Contents note This group, chaired by Scotty Baesler, mayor of Lexington, Kentucky, looked at various alternatives for the future of the Kentucky River as a water source for central Kentucky. Options considered included building "off site" reservoirs in eastern Kentucky, getting water from Louisville, and increasing the height of locks and dams already on the main stem of the Kentucky River. In the summer of 1989, the Steering Committee, the Kentucky River Task Force, and the Citizens Task Force on the Development of the Kentucky River traveled to Hazard to discuss various issues and concerns about the river with eastern Kentucky citizens, community leaders, and elected officials. The file contains Steering Committee correspondence and newspaper clippings about the Kentucky River's future including articles written by Caudill. June 9, 1988-May 31, 1990 11 4 Letcher County/Eastern Kentucky Trash Disposal xii Scope and Contents note Many people, including Caudill, saw the trash-strewn highways, rivers, and creeks as detrimental to attracting industry to the region. The file contains correspondence with Malcolm Holliday, executive director of the Kentucky River Area Development District (KRADD) in 1972. The file documents focus on strict legislation passed by the Letcher County Fiscal Court in 1988. Articles by Caudill are also included. November 27, 1969-August 20, 1989 11 5 Letcher County Planning Commission xiii Scope and Contents note The primary function was to prepare plans for the orderly growth of the towns of Jenkins and Fleming-Neon and Letcher County in general. Since Whitesburg had its own planning commission, it was not included. June 16, 1970-December 1970; N.d. 11 6 Migration xiv July 26, 1959-January 27 1991 11 7 National Rural Housing Coalition xv Scope and Contents note The Coalition held its first membership meeting on October 31, 1969, and formally announced its creation on February 7, 1970. Honorary chairmen were Senators George McGovern and Charles E. Goodell and Congressman John Conyers, Jr. The Coalition's intent was to increase awareness of the sub-standard housing of many rural people and to develop and support legislation for funding low-income housing programs in rural areas. October 31, 1969-February 7, 1970; N.d. 11 8 Project Two Thousand and Ten xvi Scope and Contents note This proposal for the economic development of Martin, Magoffin, Johnson, and Floyd counties, prepared by Gerald V. Banks, GUB Consulting, Elgin, Illinois, was a long-range plan for creating job facilities connected with the Big Sandy Regional Airport (then under development) as a regional transportation center. Other suggestions included a recreation complex, a shopping mall, a training center for continuing adult education, a health care center, and an industrial park. The file contains Banks' correspondence with Caudill and the project proposal. July 9, 1987-November 23, 1987 11 9 Scientists and Engineers for Appalachia xvii Scope and Contents note Caudill spoke at this group's first meeting on April 25, 1970, in Berea, Kentucky, and participated in some of their subsequent meetings. Officially incorporated on May 21, 1970, the group's aim was to provide discussions regarding advancements in science and technology for the enrichment of life in Appalachia. For this purpose, the SEA Bulletin began bimonthly publication on July 1, 1971. A volunteer consultant list of scientific and technological specialties was developed from their membership list. April 25, 1970-October 4, 1972; N.d. 11 10 Whitesburg/Letcher County Industrial Foundation xviii Scope and Contents note This nonprofit corporation's objective was to stimulate manufacturing and commercial activity in Whitesburg and Letcher County. August 22, 1966-May 21, 1968 11 11 Whitesburg/Letcher County Water Project xix Scope and Contents note Submitted to the Department of Local Government, the Community Development Block Grant Program, and the Farmers Home Administration, this project was an attempt to obtain 93% funding for an improved and expanded public water system for Whitesburg and Letcher County. The Appalachian Regional Commission was asked to fund the remaining amount. The file consists of correspondence between Caudill, Nesbitt Engineering, and other persons and agencies interested in the project. February 19, 1988-July 17, 1989 11 12 Wood Using Industries xx Scope and Contents note Caudill was always concerned with eastern Kentucky's economic dependence on the coal industry. He advocated diversification by establishing wood using industries including furniture, floor, and molding factories. Development groups that offered to help support his ideas by providing loans and other assistance included the Kentucky River Area Development District (KRADD) in Hazard and the Mountain Association for Community Economic Development(MACED). The file includes correspondence with R. Percy Elkins, executive director of KRADD, and Troy Eslinger, interim executive director of MACED, and clippings of articles by Caudill and others about wood industries. March 11, 1964-October 1989; N.d. 11 13 Yankee-Dixie Power Association xxi Scope and Contents note The plan of this group was to build mine-mouth steam generating plants in Kentucky, Pennsylvania, and Alabama in order to form a large public-owned power cooperative for Appalachia. Costs of transporting power would be far less than the cost of transporting coal, the group reasoned, and coal-generated power could supply the entire eastern U.S. Lockheed did some of the original studies but lost interest in participating. R.R. Popham of the New York engineering firm, Laramore, Douglas, and Popham was instrumental in setting up a meeting of munincipal and public power representatives in Washington, D.C., on March 8, 1965. Hugh Spurlock of East Kentucky Rural Electric in Winchester, Kentucky, served as chair. Articles of incorporation were filed in Kentucky on November 15, 1965. Caudill's interest in public power development shifted to the Congress for Appalachian Development. [For related materials, see the files on "Eastern Kentucky Public Power Development" in Box 10.] February 5, 1965-April 23, 1965 12 1 May 6, 1965-November 19, 1965 12 2 November 20, 1965-July 29, 1966 12 3 August 10, 1966-June 1968 12 4 EDUCATION ii General i Scope and Contents note Correspondence, clippings, and letters to the editor concerning Caudill's continuing interest in improving the education of Kentuckians. January 1959-November 16, 1965 13 1 April 16, 1966-March 1, 1980 13 2 February 11, 1981-December 27, 1983 13 3 January 13, 1984-June 30, 1985 13 4 July 9, 1985-May 14, 1997; N.d. 13 5 Appalachian Student Fund, Inc. ii Scope and Contents note This organization's purpose was to loan money to college students who intended to live and work in one of forty eastern Kentucky counties after graduation. The group considered the guidelines used by the Rural Kentucky Medical Scholarship Fund, Inc., in developing the conditions for their loans. For every year a loan recipient lived and worked in one of the designated counties, one year of the loan would be forgiven. Jerry F. Howell, Jr., served as executive director. Honorary board members included Caudill and former governor Bert Combs. The file contains minutes of the November 3, 1990, meeting, a loan application stating conditions of the loans, and information on the Rural Kentucky Medical Scholarship Fund, Inc. Correspondence, minutes, and background materials April 4, 1990- November 23, 1990 13 6 Corns' Decision iii Scope and Contents note In 1989, the Kentucky Supreme Court ruled that Kentucky's entire school system was unconstitutional and ordered the General Assembly to re-create, re-establish, and fund a totally new system. The General Assembly was to assume that property tax was assessed on all property at 100% of its value. The file includes the court decision, including dissenting opinions, correspondence concerning it, and articles by Caudill and others about possible reforms. July 24, 1988-April 10, 1990; N.d. 13 7 Governor's Council on Education Reform iv Scope and Contents note In 1984, Caudill was appointed by Governor Martha Layne Collins to review previous educational studies and propose a new course of action. He did not support the council's final recommendation. October 1981-November 28, 1984 14 1 December 1, 1984-May 7, 1986 14 2 House Special Committee to Investigate Education February 23-March 10, 1960 v Scope and Contents note Authorized by House Resolution 55, adopted on February 11, 1960, the committee was composed of seven members of the House of Representatives. Harry Caudill was the chair and Marlowe Cook the vice-chair. Hearings were held from February 23-March 9. Recommendations were made in the March 10 final report regarding five areas: supervision of school administration, district organizations, teachers, school finance, and administration of the Minimum Foundation program. The Special Commission on Education was authorized as a result of these recommendations. [For related materials, see "General Assembly" under the heading "Politics" in Box 27.] Correspondence, February 3-March 11, 1960 14 3 Correspondence, March 12, 1960-October 3, 1984 14 4 Hearings and Final Reports 14 5 Special Commission on Education vi Scope and Contents note Authorized by House Bill 383, nine members were appointed for 2-4 year terms by Governor Bert Combs on June 10, 1960. Interests of the commission were wide-ranging, including teacher certification, training and salary scales, curriculum and extracurricular activities, politics in school systems, and physical facilities. Studies were conducted by Booz, Allen, and Hamilton (on school systems in general, with an emphasis on administration); the Associated Consultants in Education (on foundation programs); and the Curriculum Committee, composed of twelve Kentucky educators--three from public schools and nine from colleges and universities. Recommendations from the commission were modified and incorporated into an omnibus educational bill (probably House Bill 207) in 1962. Caudill's term expired in June 1962. [The Special Commission on Education was preceded by the House Special Committee to Investigate Education. See related materials in Box 14, Folders 3-5.] June 10, 1960-November 26, 1960 15 1 December 8, 1960-March 25, 1961 15 2 April 10, 1961-November 30, 1961 15 3 December 5, 1961-January 15, 1963; N.d. 15 4 Miscellaneous vii Citizens' Advisory Council [to the] Department of Education; 1971-1972 15 5 Scope and Contents note Formed to study the Minimum Foundation Program. Kentucky Educational Television (KET); July 18, 1961-March 24, 1989; N.d. 15 6 Scope and Contents note Caudill served on the KET Advisory Committee, composed of about fifty Kentuckians, from 1975 to c. November 1984. The committee advised KET on all aspects of its operations, including programming, fiscal policies, and planning. National Committee for the Public Schools; February 17-July 6, 1965 15 7 Scope and Contents note Correspondence with Iris Garfield, Executive Director, and Julian M. Carroll, Kentucky State Representative. National Humanities Series; November 26, 1969-December 1, 1970; N.d. 15 8 Scope and Contents note The series, "Time Out for Man: The Humanities in Action," involved three two-day visits by scholars offering presentations on "man's relationship with other individuals close to him; man's relationship with society; and man's relationship with his environment." Sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation, the series was presented in thirty small towns across the country, including Whitesburg. The file contains communication with personnel and proceedings of organizational meetings of the Letcher County chapter. ENVIRONMENT iii General i Scope and Contents note Includes correspondence and clippings on environmental topics not included elsewhere in this section. For example: water pollution, floods, overweight coal trucks, reforestation, the U.S. Forest Service, TVA, and garbage disposal. Many of these are strip mining-related issues, too, so see files on "Strip Mining" for other pertinent documents. August 30, 1960-December 1969 16 1 January 10, 1970-November 23, 1970 16 2 January 8, 1971-October 5, 1978 16 3 January 18, 1979-November 29, 1981 16 4 January 14, 1982-October 21, 1990; N.d. 16 5 Bad Branch Falls ii Scope and Contents note Includes correspondence and clippings on acquisition of a natural preserve in Letcher Co. by the Nature Conservancy. The conservancy buys land to save the habitats of endangered species. 1974-1990 16 6 Kentucky Earthquake Possibilities iii December 27, 1969-January 25, 1982; N.d. 16 7 Kingdom Come Reservoir iv Scope and Contents note Documents successful local opposition to a dam site proposed by the U.S. Army Core of Engineers near Ulvah in Letcher County. October 13, 1967-September 19, 1971; N.d. 16 8 Letcher County Soil Conservation District v Scope and Contents note Caudill served on the Board of Supervisors August 31, 1962-December 31, 1964. September 28, 1960-July 16, 1965; N.d. 16 9 Lilley's Woods vi Scope and Contents note Documents the fight, by Caudill and others, to save and preserve a tract of virgin forest on Linefork Creek in Letcher County. Groups such as the Nature Conservancy and the Audubon Society were involved, as well as Mary and Barry Bingham of the Louisville Courier-Journal. May 26, 1965-December 22, 1967 17 1 January 3, 1968-November 7, 1968 17 2 January 14, 1969-March 13, 1991; N.d. 17 3 Northern Plains Resource Council vii Scope and Contents note The Caudills worked extensively with this non-profit environmentalist group to prevent the Appalachian environmental disasters from being repeated in the West. Topics covered include strip mining, corporate land ownership, severance and unmined mineral taxes, water pollution, agriculture, and rights of Native Americans. December 11, 1970-October 25, 1972 17 4 November 30, 1972-December 29, 1972 17 5 January 16, 1973-September 1, 1982 17 6 Red River Gorge Dam viii Scope and Contents note Documents the fight to save the scenic eastern Kentucky Red River Gorge from the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers' proposed dam. Opposition was both local and national--from organizing valley residents, to the active involvement of the Sierra Club, to editorials in the New York Times. Caudill participated by using his national media contacts, writing letters to legislators like Senator John Sherman Cooper, guiding people through the Gorge, and publishing an article in Audubon, in the fall of 1968. October 4, 1966-December 27, 1967 18 1 January 3, 1968-March 27, 1968 18 2 April 2, 1968-August 26, 1969 18 3 September 21, 1969-September 30, 1970 18 4 February 10, 1971-October 16, 1975; N.d. 18 5 Strip Mining ix General i Scope and Contents note The following five boxes contain correspondence, clippings, articles, legislation, and government testimony--all related to strip mining, especially in eastern Kentucky. These files are a record of Caudill's intensely active work, for four decades, to stop the destruction caused by this mining method. [As a state representative in 1960, Caudill sponsored strip mining legislation. Some information on strip mining is located in the "General Assembly" file under "Politics." See Box 27.] May 1956-December 27, 1960 19 1 January 7, 1961-December 21, 1962 19 2 March 17, 1963-November 19, 1964 19 3 January 10, 1965-December 23, 1965 19 4 January 5, 1966-March 26, 1966 19 5 April 1, 1966-December 28, 1966 19 6 January 8, 1967-July 30, 1967 20 1 August 2, 1967-August 31, 1967 20 2 September 1, 1967-December 28, 1967 20 3 January 3, 1968-November 30, 1968 20 4 January 9, 1969-December 4, 1969 20 5 January 10, 1970-May 28, 1970 21 1 June 7, 1970-October 27, 1970 21 2 November 9, 1970-December 30, 1970 21 3 January 5, 1971-March 31, 1971 22 1 April 5, 1971-August 23, 1971 22 2 September 1, 1971-November 23, 1971 22 3 December 9, l971-December 30, 1971 22 4 January 4, 1972-April 27, 1972 23 1 May 17, 1972-December 30, 1972 23 2 January 17, 1973-November 18, 1977 23 3 April 20, 1978-December 1992 23 4 N.d. 23 5 Bethlehem Steel Project ii Scope and Contents note Caudill was involved in the protests against the Beth-Elkhorn Corporation opening a huge strip mine site in Letcher County. Beth-Elkhorn was owned by Bethlehem Steel. [See David McCullough's article "The Lonely War of a Good Angry Man," in Box 62, Folder 2, for background material. May 26, 1969-October 30, 1969 23 6 November 2, 1969-December 29, 1969 23 7 January 6, 1970-February 20, 1972; N.d. 23 8 Kentucky Conservation Council and Ad Hoc Committee on Strip Mining iii Scope and Contents note Documents a statewide effort by various groups, such as the Pike County Citizen's Association, the Audubon Society, University of Kentucky students and professors, and the Sierra Club, to form a coalition to work towards banning strip mining in Kentucky or, at the least, establish strict laws for how strip mining could be done and to enforce reclamation. Caudill was elected chair of the Committee. [For related materials, see the "General" files on "Strip Mining," Boxes 19-23.] January 3, 1969-December 31, 1969 24 1 January 5, 1970-May 11, 1970 24 2 June 9, 1970-August 5, 1971 24 3 Save Our Kentucky (SOK) iv Scope and Contents note SOK held its organizational meeting on January 15, 1971, in Berea, Kentucky. Its purpose was "to pull together organizations and individuals, allied only by common ideology, into an incorporated alliance" and its "areas of concern [were] directed toward surface mining which degrades our environment, with a focus on Eastern Kentucky, and the tax structure which omits the quitable taxing of the extraction of our natural resources." People representing the following groups were involved: the Appalachian Group to Save the Land and People, the Audubon Society, the Sierra Club, the Council of the Southern Mountains, the Appalachian Research and Defense Fund, the Citizen's League to Protect Surface Rights, the Pike County Citizens Association, and the Kentucky Conservation Council. January 26, 1971-September 27, 1971 24 4 October 2, 1971-December 1, 1971 24 5 January 13, 1972-November 29, 1972; N.d. 24 6 White House Conference on Natural Beauty, May 22-24, 1965 x Scope and Contents note Caudill was invited to attend this conference and serve on the "Reclamation of the Landscape" panel. The file includes working papers, the official proceedings from the conference, and correspondence. October 26, 1964-June 2, 1965 25 1 May 23, 1965-January 28, 1966; N.d. 25 2 Proceedings 25 3 POLITICS iv General i Scope and Contents note Correspondence, clippings, election returns, and campaign literature on a wide range of primarily Kentucky-related political interests. [Broadsides of Kentucky politicians Doug Hays and A. J. May were removed and placed in the Modern Political Papers collection, located in the Division of Special Collections and Archives.] April 23, 1951-November 15, 1966 26 1 January 17, 1967-December 10, 1970 26 2 February 19, 1971-October 12, 1979 26 3 February 7, 1980-April 12, 1990; N.d. 26 4 Bert Combs Gubernatorial Race ii April 3, 1959-December 9, 1959 26 5 Happy Chandler Gubernatorial Primary iii November 24, 1962-May 1, 1963 26 6 George Atkins Gubernatorial Primary iv Scope and Contents note Speeches by and correspondence from Caudill supporting Atkins, who was defeated by John Y. Brown, Jr., in the Democratic primary. May 17, 1978-September 25, 1979 26 7 Election Reform, 1987-1988 v Scope and Contents note In October 1987, the Louisville Courier-Journal ran a series of articles dealing with problems in Kentucky's political process and calling for the Attorney General and the legislative leadership to institute election reform measures. After his election, Fred Cowan formed his Attorney General's Vote Fraud Task Force. The investigative body of the General Assembly, the Legislative Research Commission, formed a Special Commission on Election Reform on December 2, 1987. The Special Commission had three sub-committees: campaign financing, conduct of elections, and enforcement. Caudill served on the sub-committee dealing with conduct of elections until May 12, 1988, when he resigned. The Attorney General's Task Force and the Special Commission met and issued joint recommendations for election reform as well as individual reports. Some of the Special Commission's recommendations were included in SB 268, passed by the General Assembly. However, many of the recommendations were deleted along the way. The file includes the Louisville Courier-Journal series of articles, the January 1988 interim report of the Special Commission, the final report of December 1988, and joint recommendations of the Special Commission and Attorney General's Task Force. June 14, 1987-January 26, 1988 26 8 January 31, 1988-May 24, 1989 26 9 General Assembly vi Scope and Contents note Caudill was elected to the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1953, 1955, and 1959. In 1959, he was defeated in the Democratic primary, but the winner died before the general election and Caudill was appointed as Democratic candidate. During the 1957-58 period, when he was not a member of the House, he maintained interest in the legislative proceedings. While he filed for office again in 1963, poor health forced him to withdraw. In addition, he served on several important educational committees from 1960-62; related materials are in the "Education" files, Boxes 14-15. c. 1953-June 25, 1957 27 1 January 17, 1958-August 28, 1958 27 2 November 13, 1958-November 30, 1959 27 3 December 1, 1959-March 31, 1960 27 4 April 1, 1960-November 29, 1960 27 5 December 4, 1960-September 18, 1962 27 6 March 14, 1963-November 25, 1988 27 7 Letcher County Politics vii Scope and Contents note Correspondence and clippings relating to local political figures and issues. April 26, 1956-April 15, 1969 27 8 WAR ON POVERTY v Scope and Contents note The official "War on Poverty" was declared by President Lyndon B. Johnson during a visit to Inez, Kentucky, and legislation was passed in the spring of 1964. This federal anti-poverty effort helped feed, clothe, house, train, and educate poor people in Appalachia. Highways, vocational schools, health clinics, and water and sewer projects were built with federal funds. The Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) was the agency created to administer the overall antipoverty campaign and the local Community Action programs. [For related materials see the "Development" files, Boxes 6-12.] These files include correspondence between the Caudills and the OEO, community groups, and other concerned individuals both inside and outside the region. Also included are clippings and correspondence about poverty programs in Letcher County and in the region. General i Scope and Contents note Includes articles, correspondence and clippings that reflect economic conditions in Appalachia. Also includes correspondence between the Caudills and other individuals and organizations that worked toward fighting the War on Poverty and clippings about public reaction to the "poverty problem." In addition, clippings about President Johnson's visit to the region in the spring of 1964 and Senator Robert F. Kennedy's visit to eastern Kentucky on February 13-15, 1968, are included. March 24, 1940-December 18, 1963 28 1 January 13, 1964-June 18, 1964 28 2 July 12, 1964-December 28, 1964 28 3 January 3, 1965-December 11, 1965 28 4 January 23, 1966-November 1, 1967 28 5 January 11, 1968-December 30, 1968 28 6 January 29, 1969-November 5, 1996; N.d. 28 7 Organizations ii Appalachian Volunteers (AV) i Scope and Contents note Consisting primarily of college students who volunteered during the summer in eastern Kentucky, the AV program began operation in 1964 with a grant from the Office of Economic Opportunity(OEO) funded through the Council of the Southern Mountains. The AVs trained VISTA workers for placement in the mountains and volunteered in local poverty agencies. When many of the AVs began to analyze the structural causes of poverty in the region, they took on a more active role as organizers and agitators. In May 1966, the AVs separated from the auspices of the Council but continued to be independently funded by OEO until the Nixon administration. March 6, 1965-September 24, 1979; N.d. 29 1 Community Groups ii Scope and Contents note Includes correspondence and newsletters of these groups: the Appalachian Committee for Full Employment, the Appalachian Group to Save the Land and People, the Citizens Crusade Against Poverty, the Community Board of the Appalachian Research and Defense Fund, the Disabled Miners and Widows of Deceased Miners (Boone County, WV), the Kentucky Civil Liberties Union, the Pike County Citizens Association [other materials on the PCCA are in files on the Bethlehem Steel Project in Box 23, Folders 6-8], and the Southern Student Organizing Committee. September 4, 1964-January 10, 1971 29 2 Council for Christian Social Action, Anti-Poverty Task Force iii Scope and Contents note This New York City based group was a council of the United Church of Christ, which sponsored a series of National Council of Churches Anti-Poverty Hearings, the first of which was held in Whitesburg, Kentucky, on November 15-16, 1966. The second public hearing was held in Hazard the same week. The objective of these hearings was to get reactions of local citizens, particularly the poor people themselves, concerning the effectiveness of federal anti-poverty programs. January 27, 1966-December 27, 1966 29 3 Council of the Southern Mountains (CSM) iv Scope and Contents note This nonprofit organization based in Berea, Kentucky, was affiliated with the Appalachian Volunteers until May 1966. The objective of the CSM was to promote social, economic, cultural, and spiritual interest in the Appalachian region. The files include correspondence, announcements, bylaws, and minutes of meetings. Also included are issues of Mountain Life & Work, a CSM monthly publication. January 30, 1964-April 28, 1966 29 4 May 2, 1966-October 1970; N.d 29 5 Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) v Scope and Contents note This federal agency, created by President Johnson to coordinate all poverty programs, was headed by Sargent Shriver, formerly director of the Peace Corps. The file also includes clippings about VISTA and the Job Corps. February 2, 1964-November 30, 1970; N. d. 29 6 Programs iii Eastern Kentucky i Scope and Contents note Includes clippings, correspondence, and descriptions of anti-poverty programs. Also includes descriptions of federal programs on the state level funded through the OEO and materials relating to the Leslie, Knott, Letcher, Perry Community Action Council (LKLP). May 10, 1963-December 20, 1982, N.d. 29 7 Letcher County ii Scope and Contents note Includes clippings and correspondence about local poverty programs; and correspondence, resolutions, bylaws, and minutes of meetings of the Letcher County Economic Opportunity Committee, of which Caudill was a member until May 1965. November 3, 1958-January 22, 1970 29 8 Related Materials iv Kentucky Rifles i Scope and Contents note Includes clippings and correspondence related to the two Kentucky Rifles which were gifts from the people of eastern Kentucky to President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964 and to Kentucky governor Edward T. Breathitt in 1965. June 22, 1964-December 3, 1965 29 9 Letcher County Golden Years Rest Home, Inc. ii Scope and Contents note Documents include a description and projected budget for this nonprofit personal care facility. May 28, 1969-March 12, 1971 29 10 MISCELLANEOUS vi Death Sentence i December 2, 1976-December 13, 1976 30 1 Gun Control ii April 7, 1981-April 25 1981 30 2 Mine Health and Safety iii Scope and Contents note Correspondence and clippings about various topics, including black lung and the Scotia mine disaster. March 15, 1948-March 30, 1969 30 3 April 5, 1969-October 30, 1986; N.d. 30 4 Moonshining iv February 18, 1962-November 13, 1988 30 5 Shakertown Roundtable v Scope and Contents note This nonprofit independent corporation was established by Earl Wallace, a native Kentuckian and internationally known oil engineer. After retirement, he returned to Kentucky and solicited donations nationally to restore Shakertown Village near Harrodsburg, Kentucky. In 1977, the Shakertown Roundtable began holding annual forums to educate the public on issues pertinent to Kentucky, such as higher education economic development and the overall state of the Commonwealth. Funding sources included the Mary and Barry Bingham, Sr. Fund and the Kentucky Economic Development Corporation headed by W T. Young. Participants included former governor Bert Combs and historian Thomas Clark. Caudill attended several roundtables and served on the steering Committee for the 1987 session. The files include correspondence with Earl Wallace, papers presented at meetings, and summaries of various sessions. Most of the material is about the November 8-9, 1987, roundtable, "State of the Commonwealth." May 1986-November 8-9, 1987 30 6 November 8-9, 1987 30 7 November 18, 1987-January 31, 1991 30 8 Southeast Community College (Whitesburg, Kentucky) vi Scope and Contents note This extension of Southeast Community College was developed by the Whitesburg Education Development Foundation, Inc., on whose board Harry Caudill served. The new college was established in a renovated Coca-Cola bottling plant. The bulk of the one million dollars needed for the renovation came from donations of corporations and individuals in the community. The campus opened for classes in the fall of 1990 with an enrollment of 382 students. January 23, 1989-March 1991 30 9 Taxation vii Scope and Contents note Clippings and correspondence about tax issues in the coalfields: severance tax, unmined mineral tax, and property tax (i.e. unfair assessment of real estate). February 25, 1909-December 7, 1966 31 1 January 24, 1967-October 6, 1969 31 2 February 2, 1970-October 22, 1971 31 3 January 10, 1972-c. 1980 31 4 January 14, 1981-November 11, 1982 31 5 March 1983-January 27, 1991; N.d. 31 6 Circulars from the Kentucky Department of Revenue, October 1964-August 1968 31 7 United Mine Workers of America viii July 15, 1961-February 24, 1978; N.d. 32 1 United Mine Workers of America Health and Retirement Funds ix c. early 1950s-September 9, 1971 32 2 University of Kentucky Basketball Case x April 20, 1988 32 3 Vietnam War Opposition xi January 13, 1967-February 5, 1973 32 4 Wayne Cannel Coal Company xii Scope and Contents note Includes contracts, correspondence, and financial materials concerning Caudill's business interest in this company. May 9, 1963-February 27, 1969 32 5 Wenner-Gren Protest xiii Scope and Contents note When Caudill was a student at the University of Kentucky in 1945, he and two other student-veterans, L. L. Booth and Robert B. Eastburn, circulated a petition objecting to the actions of the University's trustees regarding Alex Leonard Wenner-Gren. In 1940, Swedish industrialist Wenner-Gren had presented a gift of $155,600 to the University to equip an aeronautical laboratory. Except for two rooms, Wenner-Gren's Mawen Motor Company had exclusive use of the laboratory. In 1942, the U S. Government blacklisted Wenner-Gren for selling aircraft to Nazi Germany. University trustees tried to have Wenner-Gren's name removed from the blacklist and placed his name on a campus building. The file contains petitions and newspaper clippings. 1945 32 6 Additional Clippings [miscellaneous subjects] xiv c. early 1900s-October 20, 1986 32 7 June 23, 1987-April 7, 1991; N.d. 32 8 CORRESPONDENCE III GENERAL i Scope and Contents note Includes communication with government officials, both state and federal politicians, fellow genealogists, social visitors to the Caudill home and to eastern Kentucky, friends, and students. Also included are social invitations; letters related to his law practice and to personal and family matters; letters of reference for students; Caudill's orders for books by other authors; letters of request for biographical materials; and letters seeking advice about voluntary service in Appalachia. General i November 9, 1959-December 26, 1965 33 1 January 12, 1966-December 27, 1967 33 2 January 11, 1968-December 3, 1971 33 3 January 25, 1972-October 20, 1975 33 4 January 5, 1976-December 30, 1976 33 5 January 2, 1977-August 29, 1977 33 6 September 2, 1977-December 14, 1977 33 7 January 1, 1978-December 13, 1978 34 1 January 6, 1979-August 26, 1979 34 2 September 3, 1979-December 22, 1979 34 3 January 4, 1980-August 18, 1980 34 4 September 10, 1980-December 30, 1980 34 5 January 6, 1981-December 21, 1981 34 6 January 1, 1982-December 17, 1982 35 1 January 11, 1983-December 16, 1983 35 2 January 23, 1984-December 5, 1986 35 3 January 15, 1987-December 18, 1987 35 4 January 6, 1988-December 19, 1988 35 5 January 14, 1989-December 21, 1989 36 1 January 16, 1990-2000; N.d. 36 2 Westover ii Scope and Contents note Jane and Huston Westover were long-time friends of the Caudills. [Anne Caudill added these files after the organization of this collection was nearly completed; thus, these letters were not integrated into the "General" correspondence above.] 1959-1967 36 3 1969-1974 36 4 1975-1979 36 5 1980-1983 36 6 1984-early Spring, 1987; N.d. 37 1 Rosenblum [Other correspondence with Beverley and James Rosenblum of Louisville, Kentucky, is filed in the "General" correspondence above.] iii 1968-1969 37 2 Frye Family [Anne Frye Caudill's family] iv Anne Caudill to family, 1945-1969 37 3 Anne Caudill to Mother and Aunt Anne [Ammerman], 1972-1974 37 4 Anne Caudill to Mother and Aunt Anne [Ammerman], 1975-1979 37 5 Anne Caudill to Aunt Anne [Ammerman], 1986-1987 37 6 SPEAKING ENGAGEMENTS ii Scope and Contents note Includes correspondence, clippings, and programs of Caudill's formal speaking engagements, including conference and workshop participation. Also includes correspondence with government officials and dignitaries requesting his opinions or testimony, as well as letters to and from school, community, and college groups scheduled to take one of the Caudills' mountain tours and to hear Caudill talk about eastern Kentucky--usually about environmental issues. October 6, 1960-December 30, 1963 38 1 January 2, 1964-February 29, 1964 38 2 March 2, 1964-April 30, 1964 38 3 May 5, 1964-July 31, 1964 38 4 August 5, 1964-December 29, 1964 38 5 January 4, 1965-March 31, 1965 38 6 April 1, 1965-June 30, 1965 38 7 July 2, 1965-September 29, 1965 38 8 October 1, 1965-December 23, 1965 39 1 January 7, 1966-March 31, 1966 39 2 April 1, 1966-June 30, 1966 39 3 July 3, 1966-September 29, 1966, 39 4 October 3, 1966-December 28, 1966 39 5 January 2, 1967-March 31, 1967 39 6 April 3, 1967-June 29, 1967 39 7 July 7, 1967-September 28, 1967 40 1 October 2, 1967-December 29, 1967 40 2 January 3, 1968-March 27, 1968 40 3 April 1, 1968-July 27, 1968 40 4 August 3, 1968-December 20, 1968 40 5 January 3, 1969-April 30, 1969 40 6 May 1, 1969-September 30, 1969 40 7 October 3, 1969-December 18, 1969 41 1 January 8, 1970-February 27, 1970 41 2 March 1, 1970-April 30, 1970 41 3 May 1, 1970-June 30, 1970 41 4 July 1, 1970-September, 30, 1970 41 5 October 1, 1970-December 31, 1970 42 1 January 4, 1971-March 31, 1971 42 2 April 1, 1971-May 31, 1971 42 3 June 3, 1971-September 27, 1971 42 4 October 5, 1971-December 29, 1971 42 5 January 3, 1972-March 31, 1972 43 1 April 3, 1972-July 30, 1972 43 2 August 2, 1972-September 28, 1972 43 3 October 2, 1972-December 30, 1972 43 4 January 5, 1973-March 30, 1973 43 5 April 3, 1973-June 27, 1973 43 6 July 16, 1973-December 28, 1973 43 7 January 6, 1974-February 28, 1974 44 1 March 1, 1974-May 31, 1974 44 2 June 1, 1974-August 27, 1974 44 3 September 3, 1974-December 28, 1974 44 4 January 2, 1975-March 26, 1975 44 5 April 5, 1975-June 28, 1975 44 6 July 1, 1975-September 29, 1975 44 7 October 2, 1975-December 28, 1975 44 8 January 4, 1976-April 30, 1976 45 1 May 18, 1976-September 28, 1976 45 2 October 3, 1976-December 30, 1976 45 3 January 10, 1977-March 29, 1977 45 4 April 4, 1977-August 9, 1977 45 5 September 14, 1977-December 17, 1977 45 6 January 10, 1978-May 22, 1978 45 7 June 9, 1978-August 30, 1978 45 8 September 3, 1978-December 13, 1978 46 1 January 15, 1979-February 23, 1979 46 2 March 2, 1979-April 28, 1979 46 3 May 9, 1979-July 31, 1979 46 4 August 1, 1979-Septemiber 28, 1979 46 5 October 11, 1979-December 21, 1979 46 6 January 8, 1980-March 29, 1980 46 7 April 2, 1980-April 30, 1980 46 8 May 6, 1980-May 31, 1980 47 1 June 9, 1980-July 29, 1980 47 2 August 3, 1980-September 30, 1980 47 3 October 2, 1980-December 12, 1980 47 4 January 19, 1981-August 18, 1981 47 5 August 21, 1981-December 28, 1981 47 6 January 15, 1982-August 31, 1982 47 7 September 16, 1982-December 4, 1982 47 8 January 3, 1983-April 12, 1983 47 9 May 25, 1983-August 5, 1983 48 1 September 7, 1983-December 7, 1983 48 2 January 12, 1984-December 20, 1984 48 3 January 8, 1985-December 31, 1986 48 4 January 8, 1987-November 30, 1987 48 5 January 6, 1988-November 30, 1988 48 6 January 23, 1989-October 23, 1990 48 7 N.d. 48 8 PUBLICATIONS iii Scope and Contents note Correspondence in this section relates to Caudill's published work. It is divided into three parts: the books, in order of publishing date; articles, in order of publishing date; and general (see detailed explanation of this category, beginning at Box 60.) Included are letters from publishers, editors, and readers. Also included are requests and permissions for reprints of articles; requests for autographs; and publishers' promotional materials. Books i Night Comes to the Cumberlands (Little-Brown, 1963) i April 19, 1960-December 26, 1961 49 1 January 1, 1962-December 28, 1962 49 2 January 4, 1963-May 30, 1963 49 3 June 4, 1963-July 30, 1963 49 4 August 2, 1963-August 31, 1963 49 5 September 1, l963-Septerber 30, 1963 49 6 October 1, 1963-October 31, 1963 49 7 November 1, 1963-November 29, 1963 50 1 December 2, 1963-December 31, 1963 50 2 January 1, 1964-January 31, 1964 50 3 February 2, 1964-February 29, 1964 50 4 March 2, 1964-March 31, 1964 50 5 March 26, 1964-April 30, 1964 51 1 May: 1, 1964-May 30, 1964 51 2 June 1, 1964-July 30, 1964 51 3 August 5, 1964-September 30, 1964 51 4 October 6, 1964-December 30, 1964 51 5 January 3, 1965-April 27, 1965 51 6 May 17, 1965-December 23, 1965 51 7 January 1, 1966-July 31, 1966 51 8 August 4, 1966-December 11, 1966 51 9 January 10, 1967-May 15, 1967 52 1 July 6, 1967-December 21, 1967 52 2 January 16, 1968-March 28, 1968 52 3 April 8, 1968-August 29, 1968 52 4 September 3, 1968-December 31, 1968 52 5 January 7, 1969-February 28, 1969 52 6 March 3, 1969-July 28, 1969 52 7 August 4, 1969-December 30, 1969 52 8 January 7, 1970-June 29, 1970 52 9 July 6, 1970-December 3, 1970 52 10 January 7, 1971-December 30, 1971 53 1 January 27, 1972-June 30, 1972 53 2 August 6, 1972-December 31, 1972 53 3 January 3, 1973-December 11, 1973 53 4 January 20, 1974-November 13, 1974 53 5 January 13, 1975-November 18, 1975 53 6 February 17, 1976-November 2, 1979 53 7 February 6, 1980-November 30, 1983 53 8 January 17, 1984-November 29, 1990 53 9 1992-April 14, 2005; N.d. 53 10 Dark Hills to Westward (Little-Brown, 1969) ii September 13, 1965-December 16, 1968 54 1 January 2, 1969-July 24, 1969 54 2 August 3, 1969-December 31, 1969 54 3 January 5, 1970-November 9, 1970 54 4 January 29, 1971-November 12, 1975 54 5 February 17, 1976-November 19, 1994; N.d. 54 6 My Land is Dying (E.P. Dutton, 1971) iii April 22, 1968-December 15, 1970 55 1 January 7, 1971-December 30, 1971 55 2 January 3, 1972-January 31, 1972 55 3 February 1, 1972-May 29, 1972 55 4 June 6, 1972-August 29, 1972 55 5 September 4, 1972-December 31, 1972 55 6 January 24, 1973-December 15, 1973 55 7 January 1, 1974-October 31, 1975 55 8 February 4, 1976-May 16, 1989; N.d. 55 9 The Senator from Slaughter County (Atlantic Monthly Press, 1973) iv April 16, 1964-December 19, 1973 56 1 January 9, 1974-March 6, 1989; N.d. 56 2 A Darkness at Dawn (University Press of Kentucky, 1976) v November 21, 1972-September 9, 1974 56 3 August 4, 1978-August 8, 1983; N.d. 56 4 Watches of the Night (Atlantic Monthly Press) vi August 6, 1974-December 31, 1976 56 5 January 13, 1977-September 9, 1988; N.d. 56 6 The Mountain, The Miner, and The Lord: Tales From a Country Law Office (University Press of Kentucky, 1980) vii February 18, 1964-December 12, 1980 57 1 January 15, 1981-May 5, 1990; N.d. 57 2 Theirs Be The Power: The Moguls of Eastern Kentucky (University of Illinois Press, 1983) viii July 7, 1980-December 8, 1981 57 3 January 4, 1982-December 23, 1982 57 4 January 11, 1983, December 8, 1983 57 5 January 3, 1984-June 30, 1991; N.d. 57 6 Lester's Progress (Kentucke Imprints, 1986) ix September 20, 1982-September 29, 1987; N.d. 58 1 Slender is the Thread: More Tales from a Country Law Office (University Press of Kentucky, 1987) x March 25, 1985-May 29, 1990 58 2 Articles xi Scope and Contents note The Caudills organized correspondence regarding specific articles as below. These are arranged chronologically by publishing date. Correspondence about all other articles is in the "General" section following this one, beginning at Box 60. "How An Election Was Bought and Sold." [published in Harper's Magazine, Vol. 221, no. 1325 (October 1960)] December 22, 1959-February 18, 1969 58 3 "The Rape of the Appalachians." [published in Atlantic Monthly, Apri1 1962, and Reader's Digest, July 1962] January 27, 1960-March 25, 1976 58 4 "The Permanent Poor: The Lesson of Eastern Kentucky." [published in Atlantic Monthly, June 1964] January 8, 1963-March 30, 1976 58 5 "Misdeal In Appalachia." [Published in Atlantic Monthly, June 1965] May 21, 1964-April 27, 1973 58 6 "Paradise is Stripped." [Working title: "Industrial Wastelands and the Great Society;" published in New York Times Magazine, March 13, 1966] November 4, 1965-June 29, 1972, 59 1 "The Corporate Fiefdom." [published in Commonweal, Vol. 89, no. 16 (January 24, 1969)] August 1956-February 15, 1969 59 2 "Appalachia: America's Exploited Colony." [published in Interplay, Vol. 2, no. 10 (May 1969)] December 20, 1968-June 2, 1969 59 3 "Buffalo Creek Aftermath." [published in Saturday Review, August 26, 1972] March 1, 1972-July 8, 1976 59 4 "0, Appalachia!" [published in Intellectual Digest, April 1973] April 4, 1965-August 30, 1975 59 5 "Farming and Mining: There Is No Land To Spare." [published in Atlantic Monthly, September 1973] November 1972-December 11, 1978 59 6 "Perspective: Appalachia." [published in American Government, CRM Books, Del Mar, CA, 1974] August 7, 1972-February 11, 1974 59 7 Foreword xii in Yesterday's People by Jack Weller [published by University Press of Kentucky, 1965] August 12, 1965 59 8 General xiii Scope and Contents note These boxes contain letters from publishers to solicit articles and book reviews or from fellow authors to invite collaboration on books; requests for permission to reprint in full or part, or to include in anthologies and encyclopedias, previously published articles or speeches by Caudill; and Caudill's reactions to articles and those about him from individuals and organizations. Also included are correspondence with publishers, magazine and newspaper editors, journalists, and other writers about writing. Materials relating to book fairs and cover letters accompanying articles submitted to journals for publication are located here as well. October 28, 1960-December 23, 1964 60 1 January 4, 1965-December 31, 1967 60 2 January 5, 1968-November 25, 1969 60 3 January 6, 1970-December 30, 1970 60 4 January 6, 1971-December 21, 1971 60 5 January 10, 1972-December 23, 1974 60 6 January 7, 1975-April 26, 1979 61 1 May 15, 1979-December 21, 1981 61 2 January 14, 1982-December 15, 1982 61 3 January 18, 1983-December 1, 1987 62 1 January 3, 1988-November 28, 1990; N.d. 62 2 Miscellaneous xiv Scope and Contents note These folders contain correspondence regarding two magazine articles about Caudill. "These Murdered Old Mountains" by David Nevin. [published in Life, January 12, 1968] January 9, 1968-0ctober 22, 1985 62 3 "The Lonely War of a Good Angry Man" by David McCullough. [published in American Heritage December 1969] April 14, 1969- August 28, 1974 62 4 UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY iv Scope and Contents note Files contain letters and clippings related to Caudill's appointment, responsibilities, and activities while he was a professor of history at the University from August 1977 to May 1985. Correspondence with University administrators, colleagues in the history department, and the Appalachian Center are included, as well as course outlines, student rolls, and letters to and from students. [Letters of reference for students are in "General" correspondence, Boxes 33-36. A file on "the roast" of Harry Caudill given by the University is located in the "Awards and Honors" section, Box 3.] January 19, 1977-December 7, 1977 63 1 January 1, 1978-December 17, 1979 63 2 January 15, 1980-December 19, 1980 63 3 January 6, 1981-December 23, 1981 63 4 January 4, 1982-December 22, 1982 63 5 February 2, 1983-April 27, 1986; N.d. 63 6 COMPANY E. 337TH INFANTRY v Scope and Contents note Includes letters from Caudill's World War II comrades, as well as newsletters published by former company E members and information about reunions. October 16, 1967-1977; N.d. 63 7 PUBLISHED ARTICLES IV Scope and Contents note [arranged chronologically by publishing date] "My Experience in the Army." Mountain Eagle, September, 21, 1944-November 16, 1944 [a series of articles appearing weekly] 64 1 "How An Election Was Bought and Sold." Harper's Magazine, October 1960 64 2 "They Sold Their Votes for Bucks and Booze." Washington Post, November 6, 1960 [excerpts from "How An Election Was Bought and Sold," Harper's Magazine, October 1960] 64 3 "The Rape of the Appalachians." Atlantic, Vol. 209, no. 4 (April 1962) 64 4 "Rape of the Appalachians." Charleston Gazette, May 28, 1962 [adapted from same title published in Atlantic, April 1962.] 64 5 "The Rape of the Southern Mountains." Readers' Digest, July l962 [condensed from same title published in Atlantic, April 1962] 64 6 "Caudill Still Wants a Power Authority." Louisville Courier- Journal, November 17, 1963, Section 4 [originally prepared for Public Power under title "Hope for Appalachia" and published there in December 1963] 64 7 "Hope for Appalachia." Public Power, December 1963 64 8 "Future Floods May Become 'The Tiger in our Streets.'" Hazard Herald, February 20, 1964 [from a speech delivered at the Hazard V.F.W. in 1963] 64 9 "The Plight of Eastern Kentucky." Review of Government, Vol. 4, no. 6 (February 1964) 64 10 "Appalachia: Path from Disaster." The Nation, Vol. 198, no. 11 (March 9, 1964) 64 11 "Pale-Face Reservation." Missions, April 1964 [excerpts from address to Fifth Urban Workshop, Berea, Kentucky, July 1963] 64 12 "Reflections on Poverty in America." PTA Magazine, Vol. 58, no. 10 (June 1964) 64 13 "The Permanent Poor: The Lesson of Eastern Kentucky." Atlantic, Vol. 213, no. 6 (June 1964) 64 14 "Appalachia." Senior Citizen, Vol. 10, no. 9 (September 1964) [from "Appalachia: Path from Disaster," The Nation, March 9, 1964] 64 15 "Misdea1 in Appalachia." Atlantic, Vol. 215, no. 6. (June 1965) 64 16 "Who Would Wreck a Valley for a Bit of Cheap Fuel." Mountain Life & Work, Vol. 40, no. 3 (Fall 1965)[remarks before White House Conference on Natural Beauty, May 24, 1965] 64 17 VISTA's Mission in Appalachia." VISTA Volunteer, Vol. 1, no. 4 (December 1965) 64 18 "Poverty and Affluence in Appalachia." Appalachian South, Vol. 1, no. 2 (Fall & Winter 1965) 64 19 "The Dilemma in Appalachia." Kentucky School Journal, January 1966 64 20 "The Dilemma in Appalachia." Education Digest, March 1966 [reprint from Kentucky School Journal, January 1966] 64 21 "An 'Operation Bootstrap' for Eastern Kentucky." Appalachian South, Vol. 1, no. 3 (Spring & Summer 1966) 64 22 "Paradise is Stripped." New York Times, March 13, 1966 64 23 "A New Plan for a Southern Mountain Authority." Appalachian Review, Vol. 1, no. 1 (Summer 1966) 64 24 "Poverty and Affluence in Appalachia." Appalachian South, Spring & Summer 1966 [reprint from Appalachian South, Fall & Winter 1965] 64 25 "Resources Must Work For People." Mountain Eagle, August 4, 1966 64 26 "An Offense Against America." Audubon, Vol.68, no. 5 (September/October 1966) 65 1 "Appalachian Kentucky." Kentucky Alumnus, Vol. 40, no. 4 (Fall 1966) [edited from a speech] 65 2 "To Reach the One-Gallus and No-Gallus Folk" and "An Appalachian Switzerland." Appalachian South, Vol. 2, no. 1 (Spring & Summer 1967) 65 3 "Lilly's Wood." Audubon, Vol. 69, no. 3 (May/June 1967) 65 4 "Together They're Goin' to Burn the Whole Place Down." Tennessee Forum, Vol. 5 (October 1967) 65 5 "Appalachia: The Dismal Land." Dissent, Vol. 14, no. 6 (November- December 1967) 65 6 "How to End Rural Poverty." Weekend with Newsday, February 24, 1968 65 7 "Hopeful Appalachia Sees Poor Get Poorer." Cincinnati Inquirer, February 25, 1968 [published as "How to End Rural Poverty" in Weekend with Newsday, February 24, 1968] 65 8 "The Law, Lawyers and Appalachia." West Virginia Law Review, April-June 1968 65 9 "Appalachia Could Have Wealth Coming Out Its Ears." West Virginia Hillbilly, June 22, 1968 65 10 "A Wild River That Knew Boone Awaits Its Fate." Audubon, Vol. 70, no. 5 (September/October 1968) 65 11 "The Corporate Fiefdom." Commonweal, Vol. 89, no. 16 (January 24, 1969) 65 12 "Appalachia: America's Colony?" Interplay, Vol. 2, no. 10 (May 1969) 65 13 "A Lament for the Appalachian Hills." The Junior League, November/December 1969 [also delivered as an address to the Garden Club of America, Louisville, Kentucky, October 2, 1969] 65 14 "Eastern Kentucky: Jaded Old Land of Bright New Promise." Mountain Life & Work, Vol. 46, no. 3 (March 1970) 65 15 "Eastern Kentucky, Jaded Old Land of Bright New Promise." Hazard Herald (April 9, 1970) [reprint from Mountain Life & Work, March 1970] 65 16 "A Lament for the Appalachian Hills." American Forests, Vol. 76, no. 5 (May 1970) [reprint from The Junior League, November/ December, 1969] 65 17 "A Lament For The Appalachian Hills." Charleston Gazette-Mail State Magazine, July 19, 1970 [reprint from The Junior League, November/December 1969] 65 18 "Embarrassment of Riches in Eastern Kentucky." Kentucky School Journal, Vol. 49, no. 5 (January 1971) [based on a presentation before a special investigating committee of the National Education Association] 65 19 "The Case of Upper Beefhide Creek." Newsday, February 12, 1971 65 20 "Orphans of Greed." Ecology Today, Vol. 1, no. 1 (March 1971) 65 21 "Strip Mining--Coast to Coast." The Nation, Vol. 212, no. 16 (April 19, 1971) 65 22 "Jaded Old Land of Bright New Promise." Christian Living, Vol. 18, no. 4 (April 1971) [reprint from Mountain Life & Work, March 1970] 65 23 "The Mountaineers in the Affluent Society." National Parks, Vol. 45, no. 7 (July 1971) 65 24 "A Call for Independence." The Berea Alumnus, July/August 1971 [text of speech to Berea College graduating class, May 23, 1971] 66 1 "Ruination of the Hills." New York Times, November 5, 1971 [taken from testimony before House Subcommittee on Mines] 66 2 "A Plea for a Strip Mine Policy." Charleston Gazette-Mail State Magazine, January 9, 1972 [testimony before House Subcommittee on Mines and Mining, October 1971] 66 3 "Jaded Old Land of Bright New Promise." Church of God Missions, January 1972 [reprint from Mountain Life & Work, March 1970] 66 4 "Italy's a Wonderful Place in General." L'eco, February 1972 66 5 "Lexington's Survival Tied to Strip Mining in East Kentucky." Lexington Herald [c. early 1972] 66 6 "Power Plants and Mines--a Deadly Combination." Los Angeles Times, May 1, 1972, Op-Ed page 66 7 "Buffalo Creek Aftermath." Saturday Review, August 26, 1972 66 8 "0, Appalachia!" Intellectual Digest, April 1973 66 9 "Strip Mining: Partnership in Greed." American Forest, Vol. 79, no. 5 (May 1973) 66 10 "Keeping Wealth at Home." People & Land, Vol. 1, no. 1 (Summer 1973) 66 11 "Farming and Mining." Atlantic, Vol. 232. no. 3 (September 1973) 66 12 "Protecting our Environment." Current, no. 156 (November 1973) [from "Farming and Mining," Atlantic, September 1973] 66 13 "Can We Survive Strip Mining?" Reader's Digest, Vol. 103, no. 620 (December 1973) [condensed from Atlantic, September 1973] 66 14 "The Mountain, the Miner and the Lord." in Growin' Up Country, Clintwood, Virginia: Appalachian Movement Press, 1973 66 15 "The Mountain, the Miner, and the Lord." Appalachian Heritage, Vol. 2, no. 3 (Summer 1974) [reprint from Growin' Up Country, 1973] 66 16 "Farming and Mining." Ag World, Vol. 1, no. 1 (February 1975) [reprint from Atlantic, September 1973] 66 17 "Our Maimed Land." Defenders of Wildlife, Vol. 50, no. 3 (June 1975) 66 18 "Strip Mining is Blamed for Flooding." The Courier Journal. (April 18, 1977) 66 19 "Manslaughter in a Coal Mine." The Nation, Vol. 224, no. 16 (April 23, 1977) 66 20 "Appalachian Life and Corporate Responsibility." National Forum, Vol. 68, no. 3 (Summer 1978) 66 21 "American Serfdom: The Backward Coal Industry." Atlantic, June 1978 66 22 "Charleston, 1995: Dynamic 'Capital' of Appalachia's Heartland." Charleston Gazette, August 25, 1978 [from a speech given in Charleston, West Virginia, August 24, 1978] 66 23 "Appalachia's Corporate Owners Could Bring Better Life to Region." Lexington Herald-Leader, August 26, 1978 [excerpts from speech given in Charleston, West Virginia, August 24, 1978] 66 24 "Who Has Pillaged Appalachia For Financial Profit?" Mountain Eagle, September 7, 1978 [reprint from speech given in Charleston, West Virginia, August 24, 1978] 66 25 "Political, Economic Serfdom Requires Radical Restructuring." Public Interest Law Report, Vol. 1, no. 7-8 (December 1978) 66 26 "Eastern Kentucky and the History of Our Commonwealth." The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, Vol. 77 (Autumn 1979) [Boone Day address, Frankfort, Kentucky, June 7, 1979] 66 27 "Oral Traditions Behind Some Kentucky Mountain Place Names." The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, Vol. 78 (Summer 1980) 66 28 "Coal--The Pall in the Panacea." The Nation, Vol. 231, no. 17 (November 22, 1980) 66 29 "Synthetic Fuels a Foolish Dream." Chicago Tribune, December 13, 1980 [also published as "Coal--The Pall in the Panacea." The Nation, Vol. 231, no. 17 (date?)] 66 30 "Politics Kentucky Style." Kentucky Review, Vol. 2, no. 3 (1981) 66 31 "The Strange Career of John C.C. Mayo." Filson Club History Quarterly, Vol. 56, no. 3 (1982) 66 32 "Boom or Bust Plagues Coal Regions." Kentucky Kernel, September 16, 1982 66 33 "Coal, Nuclear Power Are Poor Choices for Future Energy." Kentucky Kernel, October 14, 1982 66 34 "World Banking System Tottering On Brink of Depression." Kentucky Kernel, November 14, 1982 67 1 "Water Pollution--Old Problem in Eastern Section of State." Kentucky Kernel, December 9, 1982 67 2 "Vaca's 'Dark Age' Predictions Ring True as Economics Fall." Kentucky Kernel, February 11, 1983 67 3 "The Banking Crisis." The American, Vol. 16, no. 2 (February 1983) [reprint of "Vaca's 'Dark Age'." Kentucky Kernel, February 11, 1983] 67 4 "Radical Reforms Needed to Salvage State's Education System." Lexington Herald-Leader, January 1, 1984 67 5 "Middlesborough: The Magic City." American History Illustrated, January 1984 [from Theirs Be the Power: Moguls of Eastern Kentucky, 1984] 67 6 "Setting Kentucky's Educational House in Order." Lexington Herald- Leader, October 14, 1984 67 7 "They Climbed the Highest Mountain: The Success Story in The Eastern Kentucky Exodus." The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, Spring, 1985 67 8 "'Experts' to Blame for Education Problems." Lexington Herald- Leader, June 30, 1985 67 9 "If Kentucky Expects to Move Ahead It Will View Coal as 'An Economic Relic.'" Louisville Courier-Journal, January 31, 1986 67 10 "Will Kentucky Coal Go Down the Chute With Oil Companies?" Kentucky Coal Journal, March 1986 67 11 "Eastern Kentucky's Image Not Attractive to Outsiders." Lexington Herald-Leader, January 5, 1987 67 12 "Admit It's Trash and Enforce the Law." Lexington Herald-Leader, February 18, 1987 67 13 "All Was Not Roses For Constitution's Founding-Fathers." Mountain Eagle, June 10, 1987 67 14 "Mountaineers, Heal Thyselves." Lexington Herald-Leader, July 12, 1987 67 15 "Buried Alive." Rural Kentuckian, July 1987 [excerpt from Slender is the Thread, 1987] 67 16 "East Kentucky Backs and Musical History's Greatest Family." Mountain Eagle, August 5, 1987 67 17 "Look Homeward: Mountain Schools Do Produce Successful Students." Lexington Herald-Leader, September 13, 1987 67 18 "The Forests of Eastern Kentucky." Mountain Eagle, September 23, 1987 67 19 "The Land As Therapy." Manas, October 14, 1987 67 20 "Kentucky At the Crossroads." Mountain Eagle, November 4, 1987 67 21 "We Are Saddled With a Subclass of Unprincipled, Unambitious." Lexington Herald-Leader, November 8, 1987 67 22 "Letcher Share of National Debt Now at $300 Million." Mountain Eagle, November 11, 1987 67 23 "Self Help: The Only Way Out For Letcher County." Mountain Eagle, December 9, 1987 67 24 "Letcher County in the Mists of History." Mountain Eagle, December 16, 1987 67 25 "Pine Mountain Will Add to Effect of Quake to Come." Mountain Eagle, December 30, 1987 67 26 "Founding Fathers Distinctly Divided Church From State." Mountain Eagle, January 6, 1988 67 27 "Are Mountaineers Really Purest Anglo-Saxons?" Mountain Eagle, January 13, 1988 67 28 "The Beginnings of Kentucky: Women Slaves Had Few Rights." Mountain Eagle, January 20, 1988 67 29 "Letcher County Families Had 55 Slaves in 1850." Mountain Eagle, January 27,1988 67 30 "Kentucky: The Old Politics and the New." Mountain Eagle, February 3, 1988 67 31 "The Settling of Eastern Kentucky." Mountain Eagle, February 3, 1988 67 32 "Trashed: Officials Let Kentuckians Wallow in Own Filth." Lexington Herald-Leader, February 7, 1988 67 33 "Civil War Politics Still Colors Eastern Kentucky Politics." Mountain Eagle, February 10, 1988 67 34 "Mountaineers Turned Revolution Tide." Mountain Eagle, February 17, 1988 67 35 "How the Southern Mountains Gained a Reputation for Violence and Crime." Mountain Eagle, February 24, 1988 67 36 "Tragic, Bloody Battles Marked Miners' Efforts for Better Conditions." Mountain Eagle, March 2, 1988 67 37 "How Our Ancestors Lived Before the Discovery." Mountain Eagle, March 9, 1988 67 38 "When Whiskey Was the Drug of Choice in the Mountains." Mountain Eagle, March 30, 1988 67 39 "The Primitive Coal Industry." Mountain Eagle, March 23, 1988 67 40 "Kentucky Mountaineers Sell Their Minerals." Mountain Eagle, March 30, 1988 67 41 "Development Would Bring Great Benefits." Mountain Eagle, April 5, 1988 67 42 "The Coming of the Rails." Mountain Eagle, April 6, 1988 67 43 "Many Coal Towns Were Radical Experiments." Mountain Eagle, April 13, 1958 67 44 "Throughout History, Floods Have Ravaged East Kentucky." Mountain Eagle, April 20, 1988 67 45 "Blood on the Coal Lumps." Mountain Eagle, April 27, 1988 67 46 "The Mission Movement in the Southern Mountains." Mountain Eagle, May 4, 1988 68 1 "Take a Leisurely Trip to Learn About Kentucky." Mountain Eagle, May 11, 1988 68 2 "Early Kentuckians Less Literate Than Their Parents." Mountain Eagle, May 18, 1988 68 3 "1911 Brought An Interest in Good Schools to County." Mountain Eagle, May 25, 1988 68 4 "Skins Were Money in the Early Days of Mountain Trade." Mountain Eagle, June 1, 1988 68 5 "Signs of Great Runaround Are Obvious in Eastern Kentucky." Lexington Herald-Leader, June 5, 1988 68 6 "Immigrant Voyages Perilous." Mountain Eagle, June 8, 1988 68 7 "Mountaineers Were Hardest Hit by Depression." Mountain Eagle, June 15, 1988. 68 8 "The 1930s: Kentucky During the Great Depression." Mountain Eagle, June 22, 1988 68 9 "Progressive Era Brought Changes to Kentucky." Mountain Eagle, June 29, 1988 68 10 "Mountaineers Indifferent to Religion Until Revival of 1801 Swept the Land." Mountain Eagle, July 6, 1988. 68 11 "1963-1988: A Time of Unparalleled Regional Progress." Mountain Eagle, July 13, 1988 68 12 "Our Ancestors Faced Many Problems in Scotland." Mountain Eagle, July 20, 1988 68 13 "Coal Baron Took Money Cut But Didn't Return It." Mountain Eagle, August 3, 1988 68 14 "Place Names Rooted in Oral Traditions." Mountain Eagle, August 10, 1988 [reprint from The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, Summer 1980] 68 15 "Wales Shares Lineage With Kentucky Hills." Mountain Eagle, August 17, 1988 68 16 "The Appalachians Shaped America." Mountain Eagle, August 24, 1988 68 17 "Europe Our Ancestors Left Was a Smelly, Germy Mess." Mountain Eagle, August 31, 1988 68 18 "What the Indians Gave the Settlers." Mountain Eagle, September 7, 1988 68 19 "Letcher Has a Learning Crisis." Mountain Eagle, September 14, 1988 68 20 "Hills Historically Have Produced Heroes." Mountain Eagle, September 21, 1988 68 21 "New Prospects for Eastern Kentucky." Mountain Eagle, September 29, 1988 68 22 "The Americans Gave the Best Revolution." Mountain Eagle, October 5, 1988 68 23 "Politics Colorless Today." Mountain Eagle, October 12, 1988 68 24 "What Has Kept Kentucky Behind?" Mountain Eagle, October 19, 1988 68 25 "The Old-Stock Americans." Mountain Eagle, October 26, 1988 68 26 "Clark Was True American Hero." Mountain Eagle, November 2, 1988 68 27 "The Great U.S. Presidents." Mountain Eagle, November 9, 1988 68 28 "Crisis in Letcher County's Clean-Up." Mountain Eagle, November 16, 1988 68 29 "Let's Reflect Seriously Before Solving School Problems (Again)." Lexington Herald-Leader, December 4, 1988 68 30 "The Remarkable Webb Clan." Mountain Eagle, December 7, 1988 68 31 "Life in Kentucky Mountains 150 Years Ago." Mountain Eagle, December 14, 1988 68 32 "Can Eastern Kentucky Save Itself?" Mountain Eagle, January 4, 1989 68 33 "Health Dangers Abound in Eastern Kentucky." Mountain Eagle, January 25, 1989 68 34 "Eastern Kentucky Hasn't Really Attempted to Help Itself." Lexington Herald-Leader, January 29, 1989 68 35 "Hoggs Have Long Served Letcher in Political Life." Mountain Eagle, February 1, 1989 68 36 "Letcher County Has Potential For Major Furniture Industry." Mountain Eagle, February 8, 1989 68 37 "What Kind of Man Was Washington?" Mountain Eagle, February 22, 1989 68 38 "How Much-Schooling Is Enough? It Depends." Mountain Eagle, March 8, 1989 68 39 "Gypsy Blood Flows in Many Mountaineers' Veins." Mountain Eagle, March 15, 1989 68 40 "Tower: More Sinned Against Than Sinning?" Mountain Eagle, March 15, 1989 68 41 "Will East Kentucky Face the Harsh Facts." Mountain Eagle, March 22, 1989 68 42 "Kentucky Ignores Good Examples in Other States." Lexington Herald-Leader, March 26, 1989 68 43 "Development Would Bring Great Benefits." Mountain Eagle, April 5, 1989 68 44 "The Trashing of Letcher County." Mountain Eagle, April 12, 1989 68 45 "Caring People Should Work for New Growth." Mountain Eagle, May 24, 1989 68 46 "Where is the Leadership?" Kentucky Journal, May 1989 68 47 "River's Future Is Letcher's Future." Mountain Eagle, June 7, 1989 69 1 "Get Control of Classrooms, Then Use Commonsense About Studies." Lexington Herald-Leader, June 13, 1989 69 2 "State Urges Counties to Try for Wood-Use Industries." Mountain Eagle, June 14, 1989 69 3 "What Will Our County Become Over 25 Years?" Mountain Eagle, July 19, 1989 69 4 "The Kentucky and Its Tributaries: A Dump Running Hundreds of Miles." Lexington Herald-Leader, August 20, 1989 69 5 "Colleges to Blame for Our School Mess." Mountain Eagle, September 6, 1989 69 6 "Many Sights and Sounds Disappearing From Hills." Mountain Eagle, September 20, 1989 69 7 "Mountain Will Add to Quake Effect." Mountain Eagle, October 25, 1989 [reprint from article in Mountain Eagle, December 30, 1987] 69 8 "Letcher County Must Join Global Economy." Mountain Eagle, November 1, 1989 69 9 "The Curse of Kentucky Schools." Lexington Herald-Leader, February 11, 1990 69 10 "Our Ancesters in the Age of Shakespeare." Mountain Eagle, February 14, 1990 69 11 "Letcher Once Mountains' Most Progressive." Mountain Eagle, March 21, 1990 69 12 "That Article by Dr. Goshen on the Causes of Poverty." Mountain Eagle, April 25, 1990 69 13 "Severance Tax Needed on Timber." Mountain Eagle, May 16, 1990 69 14 "The Land as Therapy." The Land Report, Spring 1990 [reprint from Manas, October 14, 1987] 69 15 "Campbell a Significant Eastern Kentucky Name." Mountain Eagle, June 6, 1990 69 16 "The Land as Therapy." Mountain Eagle, July 4, 1990 [reprint from Manas, October 14, 1987] 69 17 "It's the 'Fourth-Class' Citizens Who Harm Appalachia's Image." Lexington Herald-Leader, July 22, 1990 69 18 "Letcher's Only Medal of Honor Winner Was a Jenkins Native Killed in Korea." Mountain Eagle, August 22, 1990 69 19 "Letcher County Is at the Crossroads of Progress." Mountain Eagle, August 29, 1990 69 20 "Corporations Should Provide for Adequate Public Library." Mountain Eagle, November 21, 1990 69 21 "How the Owners of Appalachian Mineral Companies Might Finance a Modern Public Library for Citizens of Letcher County." Mountain Eagle, November 28, 1990 69 22 "Kentucky Hills Pay a Price For Timber Boom." Kentucky Journal, Vol. 2, no. 8 (November 1990) 69 23 "Biography of James Laviers and Diary of Thomas James Laviers, 1863, Written While on Board the Vanguard, a Sailing Vessel." Filson Club History Quarterly, Vol. 65, no. 3 (1991) 69 24 "Farming and Mining." [reprint by Social Issues Resources Series, N.d., from The Atlantic, September 1973] 69 25 "Misdeal in Appalachia." [reprint by Southern, Educational Fund, Inc., N.d. from The Atlantic, June 1965] 69 26 "Paradise is Stripped." [reprint by the Conservation Foundation, N.d., from New York Times Magazine, March 16, 1977] 69 27 MANUSCRIPTS V BOOKS i Scope and Contents note [in alphabetical order] A Darkness At Dawn (University Press of Kentucky, 1976) i Draft with corrections Kentucky: The Story of the Commonwealth. (never completed, ca. 1985) 70 1 The Mountain, The Miner, and The Lord: Tales From a Country Law Office (University Press of Kentucky, 1980) 70 2-8 Draft for book jacket; book jacket My Land Is Dying (E.P. Dutton, 1972) 70 9 Foreword; introduction by Robert Coles; captions for photographs Night Comes to the Cumberlands (Little-Brown, 1963) 70 10 Addendum Readings in Appalachian Life [never published; N.d.] 70 11 Draft of introduction Theirs Be the Power: The Moguls of Eastern Kentucky (University of Illinois Press, 1983) 70 12 Printer's proofs of photograph captions and index 70 13 ARTICLES ii Scope and Contents note [in alphabetical order] "A11 Was Not Roses For Constitution's Founding Fathers." [research notes only for article in Mountain Eagle, June 10, 1987] 70 14 "Appalachia and the Future--Why Not A New Switzerland?" [draft of "Appalachia: America's Exploited Colony." Interplay, May 1969] 70 15 "The Appalachian Dilemma--Rags Among Riches." [published as "Dilemma in Appalachia-Rags Amidst Riches," Kentucky School Journal, January 1966] 70 16 "The Appalachian Horror." [draft of "The Rape of the Appalachians." Atlantic Monthly, April 1962] 70 17 "Appalachian Life and Corporate Responsibility." [draft; published under same title, National Forum, Summer 1978] 70 18 "Appalachian Redevelopment-Hope or Hoax?" [draft of "Misdeal in Appalachia," Atlantic Monthly, June 1965] 70 19 "An Appalachian Switzerland--Beyond the Minimal in Regional Development." [draft of "An Appalachian Switzerland," Appalachian South, Spring and Summer 1967] 70 20 "An Appalachian Woodland." [draft of "Lilly's Wood," Audubon, May/June, 1967] 70 21 "Appalachia--The Rhetoric and the Reality." [draft of "The Corporate Fiefdom," Commonweal, Vol. 89, no. 16 (January 24, 1969)] 70 22 "Are Capitalism and the Conservation of a Decent Environment Compatible?" [published in Agenda for Survival: The Environmental Crisis--2, edited by Harold W. Helfrich, Yale University Press, 1970; also includes printer's proofs] 70 23 "Biography of James Laviers and diary of Thomas and James Laviers, 1863, Written while on board the Vanguard, a sailing vessel." [introduction; copy of the diary in "Research Materials," Box 79 Folder 2; published in the Filson Club History Quarterly, Vol. 65, no.3 (July 1991)] 70 24 "Can We Survive Strip Mining?" [draft of "Farming and Mining." Atlantic Monthly, December 1973] 70 25 "The Dreadful Choice." [draft of "Coal, Nuclear Power Are Poor Choices for Future Energy," Kentucky Kernel, October 14, 1982] 70 26 "Eastern Kentucky--Its Poverty and Potential." [published as "Hope for Appalachia," Public Power, December 1963] 70 27 "Education: The Architects of the Kentucky Disaster." [published as "'Experts' to Blame for Education Problems," Lexington Herald-Leader, June 30, 1985] 71 1 "Enough Is Enough In West Virginia." [published as "Buffalo Creek Aftermath." Saturday Review, August 26, 1972] 71 2 "The Epic Coal Strike: The Coming Break-Down in an Essential Industry." [published as "American Serfdom: The Backward Coal Industry," Atlantic, June 1978] 71 3 "Farming and Mining." [printer's proofs; published in Ag World, Vol. 1, no. 1 (February 1975)] 71 4 "Farming and Mining--The Crisis of Irreconcilable Imperatives." [published as "Farming and Mining: There is No Land to Spare," Atlantic, September 1973] 71 5 "For the Tennessee Forum." [published as "Together They're Goin' to Burn the Whole Place Down," Tennessee Forum, October 1967] 71 6 "The Forest of Eastern Kentucky." [published as "The Forests of Eastern Kentucky," Mountain Eagle, September 23, 1987] 71 7 "The Forgotten Crisis." [draft of "Strip Mining--Coast to Coast." The Nation, April 19, 1971] 71 8 "How an Election Was Bought and Sold." [draft and printers' proofs; published under same title, Harper's, Vol. 221, no. 1325 (October 1960)] 71 9 "How Shall We Tame Our Spades?" [published as "Our Maimed Land," Defenders of Wildlife, June 1975] 71 10 "The Hungry Hills." [January 1963; never published] 71 11 "Industrial Wastelands and the Great Society--A National Policy on Strip-Mining." [draft of "Paradise is Stripped," New York Times Sunday Magazine, March 13, 1966] 71 12 "Jaded Old Land of Bright New Promise." [published in Mountain Life and Work, Vol. 46, no. 3 (March 1970)] 71 13 "John C.C. Mayo." [published as "Mayo, John Caldwell Calhoun." in Kentucky Encyclopedia, Univ. Press of KY, June 1992] 71 14 "Johnson Newlon Camden, Sr. and Johnson Newlon Camden, Jr." [published as "Camden, Johnson Newlon, Jr.," in Kentucky Encyclopedia, Univ. Press of Ky, June 1992] 71 15 "Justice for America's Rural Poor." [published as "How to End Rural Poverty," Newsday, February 28, 1968] 71 16 "The Land as Therapy." [published in Manas, October 14, 1987] 71 17 "The Lesson of Eastern Kentucky--Employment or Revolution? [published as "The Permanent Poor: The Lesson of Eastern Kentucky," Atlantic Monthly, June 1964] 71 18 "Lilley's Wood." [published in Audubon, May/June 1967] 71 19 "Man: The Geologic Cataclysm." [draft; submitted to Atlantic and Audubon; never published] 71 20 "The Mountain, the Miner, and the Lord." [contains title story of what later became a collection published by University Press of Kentucky, 1980] 71 21 "The Mountaineers in the Affluent Society." [draft; published under same title in National Parks, July 1971] 71 22 "Must We Drown Kentucky's Red River Gorge?" [draft of "A Wild River That Knew Boone Awaits Its Fate," Audubon, September/October 1968] 71 23 "A New Plan for a Southern Mountain Authority." [published in Appalachian Review, Summer 1966] 71 24 "An 'Operation Bootstrap' for Eastern Kentucky." [published in Appalachian South, Spring 1966] 71 25 "The Problem: Poor Schools or Indifferent Parents?" [published in Lexington Herald-Leader, September 13, 1987] 71 26 "Reflections on Poverty in America." [draft; published under same title in PTA Magazine, June 1964; also presented as a speech at a meeting of the Massachusetts Welfare Association, 1965] 71 27 "A Solution for East Kentucky's Ills." [draft; published as "The Path from Disaster," in The Nation, March 9, 1964] 71 28 "Some Old Proposals on School Reform." [published as "Get Control of Classrooms, Then Use Common Sense About Studies," Lexington Herald-Leader, June 13, 1989] 71 29 "Strip-Mining: America's Unnoticed Ecological Disaster." [draft; published as "Orphans of Greed: Strip Mining--Our Unnoticed Ecological Disaster," Ecology Today, March 1971] 71 30 "Strip Mining: Partnership in Greed." [published in American Forests, May 1973] 71 31 "Stumpage Tax on Timber Needed." [published as "Kentucky Hills Pay a Price For Timber Boom," in Kentucky Journal, Vol.2, no. 8 (November 1990)] 71 32 "Syn Fuels Folly." [published as "Syn Fuels Folly: Coal--The Pall in the Panacea," The Nation, November 22, 1980; and as "Synthetic Fuels a Foolish Dream," Chicago Tribune, December 3, 1980] 72 1 "They Climbed the Highest Mountains: The Success Story in the Eastern Kentucky Exodus." [published in The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, Spring 1985] 72 2 Untitled [published as "The Plight of Eastern Kentucky," in Review of Government, by the University of Kentucky Bureau of Research, February, 1964] 72 3 Untitled [published as "Power and Affluence in Appalachia," Appalachian South, Vol.1, no.2 (Fall and Winter 1965)] 72 4 Untitled [published as guest editorial, "Lexington's Survival Tied to Strip Mining in East Kentucky," Lexington Herald, January 4, 1972] 72 5 Untitled [published as "Italy's a Wonderful Place in General," L'eco, February 1972] 72 6 Untitled [published as "Power Plants and Mines--A Deadly Combination," Los Angeles Times, May 1, 1972] 72 7 Untitled [published as Chapter 4a in American Government Today, 1974, under title: "Perspective: Appalachia;" and as "0, Appalachia!" Intellectual Digest, April 1973] 72 8 Untitled [draft; published as "Keeping Wealth at Home," People and Land, Summer 1973] 72 9 Untitled [published as "The Kentucky and Its Tributaries: A Dump Running Hundreds of Miles," Lexington Herald-Leader, August 20, 1989] 72 10 "Vaca's Warning: Is a Dark Age Coming?" [draft of "Vaca's 'Dark Age' Predictions Ring True as Economics Fall," Kentucky Kernel, February 11, 1983] 72 11 "The View From Herod's Rock." [Spring 1968; submitted to Atlantic; rejected June 3, 1968] 72 12 "VISTA's Appalachian Mission." [published as "VISTA's Mission in Appalachia," VISTA Volunteer, December 1965] 72 13 "Where the Buck Stops in Eastern Kentucky." [published as "Mountaineers Heal Thyselves!" Lexington Herald-Leader, July 12, 1987] 72 14 "Will Kentucky Coal Go Down the Chute With the Oil Companies?" [published in Kentucky Coal Journal, March 1986] 72 15 GOVERNMENT TESTIMONY iii Scope and Contents note [in chronological order] House Bill Number 401, House of Representatives, Frankfort, Kentucky, March 1, 1960 73 1 Before the North Central Field Committee, Department of the Interior, Whitesburg, Kentucky, May 13, 1964 73 2 Before the Senate Committee on Public Works on the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1964, June 24, 1964 73 3 Delivered at White House Conference on Natural Beauty, Panel on Reclamation of the Landscape, May 23, 1965 73 4 Testimony before the Senate Committee on Natural Resources, General Assembly, Commonwealth of Kentucky, January 20, 1966 73 5 Draft before the U.S. Senate Committee on Government Operations, Commission on Balanced Economic Development, June 12, 1967 73 6 Before the U.S. Senate Special Sub-Committee on Manpower and Poverty, Neon, Kentucky, February 14, 1968 73 7 Before the U.S. Senate Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, April 30, 1968 73 8 Before the U.S. Senate Special Committee on Aging, Fleming, Kentucky, September 12, 1969 73 9 "A Plea for a National Policy on Surface Mining." Before the Sub-Committee on Mines and Mining, House of Representatives, United States Congress, October 1971 73 10 Before the Sub-Committee on the Environment and Natural Resources, Denver, Colorado, June 20, 1972 73 11 Before the Governor's Council on Educational Reform, University of Kentucky, December 12, 1984 73 12 LECTURES AND SPEECHES iv Scope and Contents note [in chronological order] "The Tiger in Our Streets." [delivered to Soil Conservation District Banquet, Whitesburg, Kentucky] March 22, 1963 73 13 "Eastern Kentucky--Its Present Plight and Its Future Promise." [before the faculties of the Southeast Center of the University of Kentucky and the Pine Mountain Settlement School in Bell County] September 2, 1963 73 14 "The Crisis of Our Time--Useful Employment Or Violent Revolution." [before the student body of Berea College, Berea, Kentucky] October 10, 1963 73 15 "Eastern Kentucky--Shame and Challenge." [before National Democratic Women's Club, Washington, D.C.] February 28, 1964 73 16 "Folly of the Fast Buck Ruins More Land Than Scourge of War." [delivered at Union College, Barbourville, Kentucky] March 19, 1964 73 17 Untitled [delivered at Cumberland College, Williamsburg, Kentucky] April 21, 1964 73 18 Untitled [High School Commencements-Corbin, McDowell, and Cordia, Kentucky] May 1964 73 19 Untitled [delivered to National Rural Electrification Co-operative Corporation, Region III, Brown Hotel, Louisville, Kentucky] November 10, 1964 73 20 Untitled [delivered to the N.R.E Co-operative Corporation Regional Convention, Brown Hotel, Louisville, Kentucky] November 22, 1964 73 21 "The People of Appalachia and Their Problems." [delivered at Union College, Barbourville, Kentucky] December 10, 1964 73 22 "The People of Appalachia and Their Problems." [delivered at Centre College, Danville, Kentucky] May 4, 1965 73 23 Untitled [delivered at Yankee-Dixie Power Association Meeting, Washington, D.C.] November 18, 1965 73 24 "Reflections on Poverty in America." [delivered to Massachusetts Welfare Association] 1965 73 25 "The Depressed Area in the Expanding American Society." [delivered at Ohio University, Kennedy Lectures, Athens, Ohio] April 7, 1966 73 26 "Human Factors in Economic Development." [delivered at the Regional Economic Development Seminar, Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts] August 2, 1966 73 27 Untitled [delivered at Illinois Oil & Gas Association Annual Convention, Salem, Illinois] September 28, 1966 73 28 Untitled [delivered at Massachusetts Conference on Social Welfare, Boston, Massachusetts] November 30, 1966 73 29 "Education for a New Appalachia." [delivered at the Graduate School, University of Tennessee] April 20, 1967 74 1 "The Target Group in Appalachia." [delivered at Public Employment Services Conference, sponsored by the West Virginia University Institute of Labor Studies, Charleston, West Virginia] May 4, 1967 74 2 "Ozarkan-Appalachian Poverty." [delivered at National Conference on Objectives for the Culturally Disadvantaged, South Carolina Region Educational Laboratory, Hot Springs, Arkansas] September 7-8, 1967 74 3 "A Coalition for the Land." [delivered at the Annual Convention of Tennessee Soil and Water Conservation Districts, Knoxville, Tennessee] October 24, 1967 74 4 "A Coalition for the Land." [delivered in Indiana] c. October 1967 74 5 Untitled [delivered at the National Educational Association Task Force on Human Rights Hearings, Washington, D.C.] January 8, 1968 74 6 "The Law, Lawyers, and Appalachia." [delivered at the Conference on Legal Services of the West Virginia University College of Law, Morgantown, West Virginia] March 18, 1968 74 7 "Appalachia's Future--Development or Depopulation." [delivered at West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia] June 7, 1968 74 8 "Conservation: The New Imperative." [delivered at the Garden Club of Louisville Zone VII Meeting, Louisville, Kentucky] October 2, 1969 74 9 Untitled [delivered at Kentucky Press Association Winter Meeting, Lexington, Kentucky] January 24, 1970 74 10 "Are Capitalism and the Conservation of a Decent Environment Compatible?" [delivered at the Seminar on Basic Issues in the Environmental Crisis, School of Forestry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut] April 1, 1970 74 11 "Appalachia and the Environmental Crises." [delivered at Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania] April 3, 1970 74 12 Untitled [delivered at Spalding College, Louisville, Kentucky] May 14, 1970 74 13 Untitled [delivered at Seminar on the Environment, Junior League, Louisville, Kentucky] May 6, 1971 74 14 "Across the Generation Gap." [delivered at Brescia College, Owensboro, Kentucky] May 9, 1971 74 15 Untitled [delivered at Berea College Graduation, Berea, Kentucky] May 23, 1971 74 16 "The Environment: A Personal Commitment." [delivered at Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC] c. 1971 74 17 "The New Imperative: A National Policy on Surface Mining in the United States." [delivered at Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama] February 25, 1972 74 18 "Appalachia's Deepening Malaise." [delivered at Milliken College, Decatur, Illinois] March 1, 1973 74 19 Untitled [delivered at First National Conference on Land Reform, San Francisco, California] April 25-27, 1973 74 20 "Farming and Mining--The Crisis of Irreconcilable Differences." [delivered at Kansas Farmers' Union Annual Convention] November 1973 74 21 "Appalachia--An Over-View." [an address to international students, delivered at University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee] December 10, 1973 74 22 "This Land is Your Land." [delivered at forum sponsored by the League of Women Voters and the Chamber of Commerce, Hopkinsville, Kentucky] January 25, 1975 74 23 Untitled [delivered at William Penn College, Oskaloosa, Iowa] February 10, 1975 74 24 Untitled [delivered to Alberta Fish and Game Association, Edmonton, Canada] February 28, 1975 74 25 Untitled [delivered at Sue Bennett Folk Festival, Sue Bennett College, London, Kentucky] April 2, 1975 74 26 Untitled [delivered to Kentucky Young Historians, Georgetown, Kentucky] April 25, 1975 74 27 "The Appalachian Future." [delivered at Berea College, Berea, Kentucky] June 30, 1976 75 1 "What Are We Going to Do With West Virginia?" [delivered at West Liberty College, West Liberty, West Virginia] January 5, 1977 75 2 Untitled [delivered at Kentucky/Tennessee American Studies Conference, Cumberland Falls State Park, Kentucky] April 1, 1977 75 3 Untitled [delivered to Kentucky Psychiatric Association, Spindletop Hall, Lexington, Kentucky] April 28, 1977 75 4 Untitled [delivered in acceptance of Weatherford Award, Berea College, Berea, Kentucky] May 3, 1977 75 5 Untitled [delivered at Lexington Technical Institute Graduation, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky] May 8, 1977 75 6 "Preserving the Quality of Life in the South." [delivered at conference at the Center for the Study of Southern History and Culture, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama] April 29, 1978 75 7 "The Carrying Capacity of the Earth." [delivered at the Aldo Leopold Memorial Colloquium, the Institute for Environment Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison] August 8, 1978 75 8 "The Appalachian Dilemma: A Fresh Approach to an Old Problem." [delivered at Charleston, West Virginia] August 24, 1978 75 9 Untitled [delivered at the first Appalachian Land Festival, Jackson's Mill, West Virginia] October 28, 1978 75 10 "Eastern Kentucky and the History of Our Commonwealth." [delivered to Kentucky Historical Society, Boone Day, Old State House, Frankfort, Kentucky] June 7, 1979 75 11 "The Mining Industries' Unpaid Debt to Appalachia." [delivered to the Department of History and Philosophy, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania] November 9,1979 75 12 "Coal: The Black Threat." [delivered to Association of American Geographers, Galt House, Louisville, Kentucky] April 13, 1980 75 13 "Jesse Stuart--From Appalachia to the World." [delivered for the Jesse Stuart Foundation, Greenbo Lake State Resort, Greenup, Kentucky] May 22, 1980 75 14 "The Future: Kentucky and Energy." [delivered to League of Women Voters, Lexington, Kentucky] January 22, 1981 75 15 "John Caldwell Calhoun Mayo--Most Surprising and Noteworthy of Eastern Kentucky's Native Sons." [delivered to Lexington Rotary Club, Lexington, Kentucky] October 1, 1981 75 16 "Pitfalls in a Coal-Fired World." [delivered at Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky] November 11, 1981 75 17 Untitled [delivered at Virginia Highlands Festival, Abingdon, Virginia] August 4, 1982 75 18 "Medical Malingering and the Public Purse." [delivered at the Albert B. Chandler Medical Center, Lexington, Kentucky] October 13, 1982 75 19 "The Dreadful Choice." [delivered at United Nations Day Celebrations, Frankfort, Kentucky] October 24, 1982; and to the Bluegrass Chapter, Kentucky Soil Conservation Administration, Lexington, Kentucky] December 3, 1982 75 20 "Coal--The Pall in the Panacea." [delivered to the Kentucky Chapter of the Sierra Club, Shakertown, near Harrodsburg, Kentucky] December 4, 1982 75 21 Untitled [delivered at Montgomery County High School, Mt. Sterling, Kentucky] June 13, 1983 75 22 "Kentucky in a Fast-Changing Global Market." [delivered at first Governor's Scholars Program, Centre College, Danville, Kentucky] July 25, 1983 75 23 "The Sociological and Philosophical Nature of Appalachia." [delivered to Cumberland Mountain UniServ, Abingdon, Virginia] August 2, 1983 75 24 "Medicine and the Social Malingerer." [delivered to Kentucky Medical Association, Lexington, Kentucky] October 11, 1983 75 25 "They Climbed the Highest Mountain: The Success Story in the Eastern Kentucky Exodus." [delivered at the S.E. Magnetic Resource Conference, Spindletop Hall, Lexington, Kentucky] October 4, 1986 75 26 "Education for Appalachia's Future." [delivered at Sue Bennett College, London, Kentucky] October 31, 1984 75 27 "Kentucky Faces the Future." [delivered at Maysville Community College, Maysville, Kentucky] December 12, 1984 75 28 "Why Money Alone Will Not Bring Good Schools to Kentucky." [delivered to Kentucky Associated Press Editors, Sheraton Hotel, Louisville, Kentucky] May 16, 1985 75 29 Untitled [delivered on Kentucky Educational Television, Lexington, Kentucky] August 8, 1985 75 30 Untitled [delivered to the Jackson Woman's Club, Senior Citizens Building, Jackson, Kentucky] March 7, 1986 75 31 Introduction of David McCullough [delivered at Spindletop Hall, Lexington, Kentucky, to University of Kentucky Library Associates- Edward F. Pritchard, Jr. Lecture] March 11, 1986 75 32 "Politics: The Damndest in Kentucky." [delivered to Fleming County Soil Conservation District, Flemingsburg High School, Flemingsburg, Kentucky] March 25, 1986 75 33 Untitled [delivered at dedication of Shonert Collection, Northern Kentucky University, Highland Heights, Kentucky] March 27, 1986 75 34 "Twenty-Four Years After Night Comes to the Cumberlands." [delivered to University of Kentucky Women's Club, Lexington, Kentucky] October 28, 1986 75 35 Untitled [delivered at the banquet and roast in honor of Harry Caudill, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky] October 30, 1986 [See also Box 3, Folder 4, for more materials on this Event.] 75 36 "Now We Must Save Ourselves." [delivered to KRADD (Kentucky River Area Development District), Perry County Park, Hazard, Kentucky] December 18, 1986 75 37 Untitled [delivered at The Lexington School, Lexington, Kentucky] February 27, 1987 76 1 "Politics in Appalachia." [delivered at Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond, Kentucky] March 7, 1987 76 2 "Religion and Politics in Kentucky Appalachia." [partially edited transcript of lecture delivered to Kentucky Appalachian Ministry, at Richmond, Kentucky] March 1987 76 3 "The Roots of Appalachian Culture." [delivered at Center for the Humanities, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, Virginia] April 1, 1987 76 4 "Challenge of the Global Market to Appalachians." [delivered to Assembly of Appalachian College Presidents, Holiday Inn, Prestonsburg, Kentucky] July 23, 1987 76 5 "Kentucky at the Crossroads." [delivered at Letcher County Clean Community Program, Whitesburg, Kentucky] November 12, 1987 76 6 "What Have We Done to Our Children?" [delivered at Unitarian Universalist Church, Lexington, Kentucky] March 26, 1988 76 7 "John C.C. Mayo." [delivered at Blackey Public Library, Letcher County High School, Whitesburg Public Library, etc.; Caudill was scheduled for five appearances between March 28-April 1, 1988; the series was sponsored by Appalshop.] 76 8 "East Kentucky's Challenge in a Global Market." [delivered at the First Commonwealth Bank Employees Recognition Dinner, Jennie Wiley State Park, Prestonsburg, Kentucky] May 19, 1988 76 9 "Why Noon May Come to the Cumberlands!!" [delivered to Kentucky Press Association, Summer Convention, Paintsville, Kentucky] June 17, 1988 76 10 "How Mountaineers Have Succeeded: Inspiration for a New Generation in a Global Market." [delivered at Southwest Virginia Community College, Richlands, Virginia] December 8, 1988 76 11 "Cultural Change and the Future of Eastern Kentucky." [delivered to Prestonsburg Community College graduating class, Jennie Wiley State Park, Prestonsburg, Kentucky] May 5, 1989 76 12 Untitled [delivered at Alice Lloyd College, Pippa Passes, Kentucky, c. mid-June 1989] 76 13 "Matewan Massacre and the Mine Wars." [convocation address following the showing of the film Matewan; delivered at Berea College, Berea, Kentucky] January 11, 1990 76 14 "The New Appalachia and Its Great Out-Migration of Successful People." [delivered at Berea College Senior Forum, Berea, Kentucky] May 15, 1990 76 15 "A Puzzling Aspect of Eastern Kentucky History: What Other Depressed Areas May Learn From Kentucky's Eastern Counties." [delivered at Berea College, Berea, Kentucky] May 15, 1990 76 16 "Uncivilized People Cause Most Woes: Splendid Opportunities at Hand." [delivered to the Kentucky Association for Community Action, Hazard, Kentucky] June 21, 1990 76 17 "Appalachian Kentucky and Its Great Out-Migration of Highly Successful People." [delivered at Hazard Community College, Hazard, Kentucky] September 4, 1990 76 18 Untitled [delivered to the American Medical Association] N.d. 76 19 FOREWORDS, AFTERWORDS, AND EPILOGUES v Scope and Contents note [includes both manuscript and published versions] Epilogue to Appalachian Wilderness: The Great Smokey Mountains by Edward Abbey [manuscript only; published 1970] 77 1 Foreword to The Great Appalachian Sperm Bank and Other Writings by Bill Best [manuscript and 1986 published version] 77 2 Afterword to reissue of Bloody Ground by John Day [manuscript only; published 1981] 77 3 Foreword to The Dreadful Month by Carlton Jackson [manuscript only; published 1982] 77 4 Foreword to The Federal Government in Appalachia by James Branscome [1977 published version only] 77 5 Foreword to Stinking Creek by John Fetterman [manuscript only; published 1967] 77 6 Foreword to Yesterday's People by Jack Weller [manuscript, printer's proofs, and 1965 published version] 77 7 BOOK REVIEWS vi Scope and Contents note [includes manuscripts and published versions of reviews by Caudill in alphabetical order by title] All That Is Native and Fine: Politics of Culture in an American Region by David E. Whisnant [manuscript and published version in Louisville Courier-Journal, February 5, 1984] 77 8 Appalachia and America: Autonomy and Regional Dependence edited by Allen Batteau [manuscript and published version in Georgia Historical Quarterly, c. 1983] 77 9 Appalachia on Our Mind: The Southern Mountains and Mountaineers in the American Consciousness, 1870-1920 by Henry D. Shapiro [manuscript and published version, Journal of American History, December 1979] 77 10 The Care of the Earth by Russell Lord [published version in Louisville Courier-Journal, December 2, 1962]. 77 11 The Children of Crisis (Vols. 2 and 3) by Robert Coles [manuscript and published version in New York Times Book Review, March 9, 1972] 77 12 Clean Coal/Dirty Air by Bruce A. Ackerman and William T. Hassler [manuscript, c. 1981; written for Louisville Courier-Journal] 77 13 Coal Mining Health and Safety in West Virginia by J. David McAteer [manuscript and published version in Blue-tail Fly, c. December 1970] 77 14 Coaltown Revisited: An Appalachian Notebook by Bill Peterson [manuscript and published version in New York Times Book Review, May 7, 1972] 77 15 Death and the Mines by Brit Hume [manuscript and published version in New York Times Book Review, December 2, 1971] 77 16 Eastern Kentucky: A Pictorial History by Stuart Sprague [published version in Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, Winter 1987] 77 17 Everything in Its Path by Kai T. Erikson [manuscript and published version in The Nation, March 5, 1977] 77 18 Feud: Hatfields, McCoys and Social Change in Appalachia, 1860-1900 by Altina Waller [manuscript, c. 1988] 77 19 Forth To The Wilderness: The First American Frontier, 1754-1774 by Dale Van Every [published version in Louisville Courier-Journal, July 9, 1961] 77 20 The Great Coalfield War by George S. McGovern and Leonard F. Futtridge [manuscript, printer's proofs, and published version in New York Times Book Review, September 21, 1972) 77 21 Harlan Miners Speak: Report on Terrorism in the Kentucky Coal Fields by Members of the National Committee for the Defense of Political Prisoners [manuscript, printer's proofs, and published version in New York Times Book Review, November 19, 1970] 77 22 The Hollow by Bill Surface [manuscript and published version in Boston Herald Traveler Book Guide, March 21, 1971] 77 23 John C.C. Mayo: Cumberland Capitalist by Carolyn Clay Turner and Carolyn Hay Traum [manuscript and published version in Filson Club History Quarterly, Vol. 59, no. 3 (1985)] 77 24 The Kentucky Trace by Harriette Simpson Arnow [manuscript, c. 1984] 77 25 Life, Work, and Rebellion in the Coal Fields: The Southern West Virginia Mines, 1880-1920 by David A. Corbin [manuscript, printer's proofs, and published version in Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, April 1983] 77 26 Losing Ground: American Social Policy 1950-1980 by Charles Muncy [manuscript, c. 1985; never published] 77 27 Men in Crisis: A Study of a Mine Disaster by Rex A. Lucas [manuscript and published version in Washington Post Book World, November 23, 1969] 77 28 Miners, Millhands, and Mountaineers: Industrialization of the Appalachian South, 1880-1930 by Ronald D. Eller [manuscript and published version in Louisville Courier-Journal, August 21, 1983] 77 29 Most Splendid of Men: Life in a Mining Community, 1917-1925 by Harold Brown [manuscript, c. 1981] 77 30 A Place of Power by Walt Anderson [manuscript, c. 1976] 77 31 Rebel Raider: The Life of John Hunt Morgan by James A. Ramage [published version in Filson Club History Quarterly, October 1987] 77 32 Reclaiming the American Dream by Richard Cornuelle [manuscript; written for New York Herald Tribune, Christmas edition, 1965] 77 33 Rural Community in the Appalachian South by Patricia Duane Beaver [manuscript and published version in Filson Club History Quarterly, October 1987] 77 34 Since Silent Spring by Frank Graham, Jr. [published version in Boston Herald Traveler Book Guide, February 15, 1970] 77 35 Terracide: America's Destruction of Her Living Environment by Ron Linton [manuscript and published version in Boston Herald Traveler Book Guide, April 12, 1970] 77 36 To the Bright and Shining Sea by James Lee Burke [manuscript only, c. August 7, 1970] 77 37 Welcome the Traveler Home: Jim Garland's Story of the Kentucky Mountains edited by Julie S. Ardery [manuscript and published version in Filson Club History Quarterly, 1982] 77 38 Who Owns Appalachia?: Land Ownership and Its Impact by the Appalachian Land Ownership Task Force [pre-publication version probably written as reader for University Press of Kentucky, c. 1981-82, and post-publication manuscript also written for University Press of Kentucky, c. September 1983] 77 39 MISCELLANEOUS vii Scope and Contents note Contains manuscripts for which publication information was not verifiable. Poetry i N.d. 78 1 Unidentified Manuscripts ii Scope and Contents note [in alphabetical order] "The Appalachiazation of America." c. April 1983 [probably written for periodical publication] 78 2 "Justice in the Feud Country." [an article possibly submitted to American Heritage in 1969] 78 3 "Kentucky and Wales: Was Ellen Churchill Semple Wrong?" c. 1984 [probably written for periodical publication] 78 4 "Reagan Vs. Inflation: Does He Really Have a Chance?" [an article possibly submitted to The Nation in 1981] 78 5 "Smallness in Regions: The Cumberlands and Appalachia." c. 1975 78 6 "The State That Is Run Like a Colony." c. 1982-83 [probably written as a letter to the editor] 78 7 "The Universities Vote For Yesterday." c. 1980s [probably written as letter to the editor] 78 8 Untitled. c. 1944 ["thinly fictional account" of Caudill's "army experiences" during WWII] 78 9 Untitled. c. mid 1960s [Caudill's note on manuscript indicates this was written for Public Affairs Magazine; however, extensive searching did not verify publication] 78 10 Untitled. N.d. [probably written for periodical publication] 78 11 Untitled. N.d. [probably written for periodical publication] 78 12 "Where the Buck Stops." c. 1972-1973 [probably written as a letter to the editor] 78 13 RESEARCH MATERIALS VI Scope and Contents note These were the only research or background materials, besides the more complete Subject Files (Box 6-32), initially deposited by the Caudills. Most of the documents have some relationship to a manuscript which is noted. For a more extensive collection of research materials used by the Caudills, see the separate sections, "Appalachian Research Files" Box 90-105, which were added subsequently to the materials listed below. "Appalachian Kentucky and Its Great Out-Migration of Highly Successful People." [a speech delivered at Hazard Community College, September 4, 1990] Spring 1985-January 25, 1990 79 1 Kentucky: The Story of the Commonwealth. [possible book on history of Kentucky; see Box 70, Folders 2-8 for drafts of the manuscript] 79 1 Correspondence; August 10, 1985-November 7, 1986 79 2 [General] November 16, 1963-November 10, 1978 79 3 [General] February 13, 1979-December 9, 1982 79 4 [General] January 11, 1983-February 1989; N.d. 79 5 King's Mountain; May 10, 1973-June 13, 1973 [for possible book or article?] 80 1 LaViers Diary; c. 1863 [re: Thomas and James LaViers; James was grandfather of Harry LaViers, President of South East Coal Company. A copy of this document was given to Caudill around 1989 from the LaViers family, and an edited version was published in the Filson Club History Quarterly, Vol. 65, no. 3 (July 1991)] 80 2 Lists of books and of book-sellers [c. 1980s] 80 3 Mineral owning corporations; December 8, 1889-August 22, 1990 80 4 Night Comes to the Cumberlands; September 13, 1962 80 5 Theirs Be the Power General; c. 1981, N.d. 80 6 Theirs Be the Power Bill Sturgill; April 10, 1961-May 1982 80 7 NON-PRINT PROJECTS VII GENERAL i Scope and Contents note Caudill was involved with a number of documentary films and television and radio programs. He was interviewed for many of these, and for others, he either served as a consultant, a contact person, or a "guide" to show the production crew around eastern Kentucky. Most of these programs were about strip mining and other environmental concerns, poverty, and economic development of the region. Caudill was also interviewed by KET (Kentucky Educational Television) on several occasions, one of which was on February 17, 1977. During this hour long program, he was honored as a "Distinguished Kentuckian." Correspondence in these files includes letters to and from CBS, NBC, BBC (British Broadcasting Corp.), CBC (Canadian Broadcasting Corp.), NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corp.), WHAS-TV (Louisville, KY), Alfred Shands Productions (Louisville, KY), WPSD-TV (Paducah, KY), WTVQ-TV (Lexington, KY), EKU-TV (Richmond, KY), WLWT (Cincinnati, OH), NET, KET, WNVL-Radio (Nicholasvi1le, KY), WSGS-Radio (Hazard, KY), and WELI-Radio (New Haven, CT). Also included are letters from readers and friends who watched or listened to some of these programs, as well as letters seeking his advice on other film productions. May 5, 1961-March 28, 1967 81 1 February 1, 1968-December 1, 1977 81 2 February 22, 1978-August 28, 1990; N.d. 81 3 FILM PROPOSALS BASED ON CAUDILL'S WORK ii Dark Hills To Westward i Scope and Contents note David H. Vowell of the Genesis Concern obtained movie rights and wrote a 127-page script: "The Saga of Jennie Wiley." However, the actual production never materialized. This folder contains the script and correspondence concerning the film proposal. September 28, 1977-January 14, 1981 81 4 Night Comes to the Cumberlands ii Scope and Contents note Over the years, several parties were interested in making this book into a documentary film. David H. Vowell of the Genesis Concern obtained movie rights, but the film was never made. This folder contains correspondence concerning the various proposals. October 7, 1963-Setember 28, 1977 81 5 OTHER SCRIPTS iii Scope and Contents note [in chronological order] "The Crusader." [taped on June 27, 1965, this hour long program is a portrait of Caudill screened in England; produced by BBC as part of the "Inside America Series"] 81 6 "To Regain a Lost Paradise." [taped on October 11, 1970, this hour long program appeared on the series "Studio One," Voice of America; produced by the U.S. Information Agency] 81 7 "Strip Mining." [taped on July 16, 1972 for NBC News at WLEX-TV, Lexington, Ky] 81 8 Notes. [for interview on KET's "Kentucky Journal," program taped on February 13, 1981, and broadcast February, 16, 1981] 81 9 BOOK REVIEWS [in alphabetical order by title] VIII Dark Hills to Westward; July 10, 1969-November 23, 1969 82 1 Darkness at Dawn; March 29, 1976-April 1977 82 2 The Mountain, the Miner, and the Lord; November 9, 1980-Fall 1983; N.d. 82 3 My Land Is Dying; October 15, 1971-July 7, 1972 82 4 Night Comes to the Cumberlands; July 7, 1963-November 8, 1992; N.d. 82 5 The Senator From Slaughter County; December 28, 1973-October 19, 1975 82 6 Slender is the Thread; September 6, 1987-1989 82 7 Theirs Be the Power; c. early 1982 [pre-publication]-February 10, 1985; N.d. 82 8 Watches of the Night; July 19, 1976-October 1978 82 9 REPRINTS IX Scope and Contents note [in chronological order; unless otherwise noted the reprint contains the full text of the original. These are primarily articles and excerpts from books reprinted in textbooks and essay collections.] "The Scene Today." in Kentucky Readings. Lexington, Kentucky: Kentucky Cooperative Counseling and Testing Service, 1964, Vol. 3, pp. 329-359 [excerpt from Night Comes to the Cumberlands] 83 1 "The Permanent Poor." in American National Government in Action. Belmont, California: Dickenson Pub. Co., 1965, pp. 332-340 [from Atlantic, June 1964] 83 1 "Reflection on Poverty in America." in New Perspectives on Poverty. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1965, pp. 3-9 [revised version; from PTA Magazine, June 1964] 83 2 "How An Election Was Bought and Sold." in The Fabric Of Democracy. New York: American Book Co., 1966, pp. 104-112 [from Harper's Magazine, October 1960] 83 2 "Misdeal in Appalachia." in Economic Analysis and Policy. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1966, pp. 414-420 [from Atlantic, June 1965] 83 3 "Night Comes to the Cumberlands." in Man: Alternative of Experience. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Pub. Co., 1967, pp. 252-267 [excerpt] 83 3 "Night Comes to the Cumberlands." in Outdoor Education by Charles L. Mand. New York: J. Lowell Pratt, 1967, pp. 15-16 [short excerpt and discussion] 83 4 "Appalachia: The Dismal Land." in Poverty: Views From the Left. New York: Morrow, 1968, pp. 264-273 [edited version from Dissent, November-December 1967] 83 4 "Appalachia: The Wasteland." in States Rights Vs. Federal Power: Which Is in the People's Best Interest? New York: Scholastic, 1968, pp. 62-64 [excerpts from "Misdeal in Appalachia," Atlantic, June 1965] 84 1 "Misdeal in Appalachia." in The Unity of Prose: From Description to Allegory. New York: Harper & Row, 1968, pp. 76-84 [from Atlantic, June 1965] 84 2 "Night Comes to the Cumberlands." in Children and Poverty. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1968, p. 235 [excerpt from p. 287] 84 2 "The Permanent Poor: The Lesson of Eastern Kentucky." in Man Against Poverty: World War III. New York: Random House, 1968, pp. 118-128 [from Atlantic, June 1964] 84 3 "The Permanent Poor: The Lesson of Eastern Kentucky." in Triple Revolution: Social Problems in Depth. Boston: Little, Brown, 1968, pp. 252-260 [from Atlantic, June 1964] 84 3 "Dismal Land." in Paradox of Poverty in America. New York: H.W. Wilson, 1969, Vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 149-157 [edited version from Dissent, Vol. 14, pp. 715-22] 84 4 "The Law in a Rural Setting." in Crime and the Legal Process. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1969, pp. 330-336 [excerpt from Night Comes to the Cumberlands] 84 4 "Night Comes to the Cumberlands." in Readings in Citizen Politics: Studies of Political Behavior. Chicago: Markham, 1969, pp. 189-213 [excerpts from pp. 325-341 and 352-361] 84 5 "Paradise is Stripped." in The Fabric of Democracy (2d ed.). New York: Reinhold, 1969, pp. 338-346 [from New York Times Magazine, March 13, 1966] 84 5 "Rape of the Appalachians: The 1950s." in American Society, Inc.: Studies of the Social Structure and Political Economy of the U.S. Chicago: Markham, 1970, pp. 186-204 [excerpts from Night Comes to the Cumberlands, pp. 305-316 and 325-332] 85 1 "Wild River That Knew Boone Awaits Its Fate." in Ecological Crisis: Readings for Survival. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1970, pp. 262-268 [from Audubon, September-October 1968] 85 1 "Are Capitalism and the Conservation of a Decent Environment Compatible?" in Agenda for Survival: The Environmental Crisis--2. New York: Yale University Press, 1971, pp. 165-18-3 [based on a lecture delivered at Yale School of Forestry, April 1, 1970 and funded by the Ford Foundation] 85 2 "Night Comes to the Cumberlands: Introduction." in The Cosmos Reader. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1971, pp. 671-674. 85 2 "Night Comes to the Cumberlands." in Education in Kentucky: A Legacy of Unkept Promise. Washington, D.C.: National Endowment for the Arts, May 1971, p. 96 [brief excerpt from pp. 325-326] 85 3 "Night Comes to the Cumberlands." in Studies in the Sociology of Social Problems. New York: Meredith, 1971, pp. 335-361 [excerpt from pp. 359-361] 85 4 "The Permanent Poor: The Lesson of Eastern Kentucky." in Triple Revolution Emerging: Social Problems in Depth. Boston: Little, Brown, 1971, pp. 249-255 [from Atlantic, June 1964] 85 4 "The Rape of the Appalachians." in The Human Habitat. New York: Reinhold, 1971, pp. 203-223. [excerpt from Night Comes to the Cumberlands] 86 1 "Introduction" to The Strip Mining of America. New York: Sierra Club, July 1971, pp. 4-7 [reprint of "Strip Mining--Coast to Coast," The Nation, April 19, 1971] 86 2 "Appalachia: The Corporate Fiefdom." in Poverty, Economics, and Society. Boston: Little, Brown, 1972, pp. 223-227 [reprint of "The Corporate Fiefdom," Commonweal, Vol. 89 (January 24, 1960)] 86 3 "Jaded Old Land of Bright New Promise." in Appalachia in the Sixties. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky, 1972, pp. 240-246 [from Mountain Life & Work, March 1970] 86 3 "Night Comes to the Cumberlands." in Power to the Citizen. Chicago: Markham, 1972, pp. 199-225 [excerpts from pp. 325-341 and 352-361] 86 4 "Night Comes to the Cumberlands." in Racial and Ethnic Relations (2d ed.). New York: Crowell, 1972, pp. 115-124 [excerpts from pp. ix-x and 337-348] 86 4 "Introduction" to Stripping. San Francisco: Sierra Club, 1972, pp. 7-12 [extracted from testimony before the Subcommittee on Mines and Mining, House of Representatives, U.S. Congress, October 1971] 86 5 "The Subculture of a Depressed Area." in The Child and Society (2d ed.). New York: Random House, 1972, pp. 83-88 [excerpt from Night Comes to the Cumberlands] 86 5 "Eastern Kentucky: The Permanent Poor." in Problems of Industrial Society. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley, 1973, pp. 70-78 [from Atlantic, June 1964] 86 6 "Perspective: Appalachia." in American Government Today. Del Mar, California: CRM, 1974, pp. 107-121 [excerpt from Night Comes to the Cumberlands.] 87 1 "The Rise of the Welfare State." in Appalachia: Its People, Heritage, and Problems. Dubuque, Ohio: Kendall/Hunt, 1974, pp. 142-151 [excerpt from Night Comes to the Cumberlands] 87 1 "Appalachia." in The People's Land: A Reader on Land Reform in the United States. Emmaus, Pennsylvania: Rodale, 1975, pp. 33-37 [excerpt from statement to First National Conference on Land 87 2 Reform, April 25-27, 1973] "A Grim Warning." in The Uses of Language. New York: McGraw Hill, 1975, pp. 210-211 [excerpt from "Farming and Mining," Atlantic, 87 2 [Quote] in Reader's Digest of Modern Quotations. New York: Crowell, 1975, p. 737 [from "Can We Survive Strip Mining?" Reader's Digest, December 1973] 87 3 "Night Comes to the Cumberlands." in Readings in the Sociology of Social Problems (2d ed.). Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1975, pp. 210-212 [excerpts from pp. 359-361] 88 1 "O, Appalachia!" in Voices From the Hills: Selected Readings of Southern Appalachia. New York: Frederick Ungar, 1975, pp. 518-531 [from Intellectual Digest, April 1973] 88 1 "The Permanent Poor: The Lesson of Eastern Kentucky." in Social Problems. New York: Random House, 1975, p. 266 [brief excerpt from article of same title in Atlantic, June 1964] 88 2 "Strip Mining." in Politics and Environment: A Reader in Ecological Crisis (2d ed.). Pacific Palisades, California: Goodyear, 1973, pp. 196-204 [reprint of "Farming and Mining," Atlantic, September 1973] 88 2 [Paragraph] in A Handbook for College Writing. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1975, p. 163 [from "Farming and Mining," Atlantic, September 1973] 88 3 [Brief excerpt] in Taking Charge: A New Look at Public Power. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Action Foundation, 1976, p. 79 [from A Darkness at Dawn.] 88 3 "The Permanent Poor: The Lesson of Eastern Kentucky." in Redemption Denied: An Appalachian Reader. Washington, D.C.: Appalachian Documentation (ADOC), 1976, pp. 60-66 [from Atlantic, June 1964] 88 4 "Shall We Strip-Mine Iowa and Illinois to Air-Condition New York?" in Toward Reading Comprehension (2d ed.). Lexington, Massachusetts: Heath, 1977, pp. 466-475 [excerpts from "Farming and Mining," Atlantic, September 1973] 88 4 [Paragraph] in What Is Economics? Los Altos, California: William Kaufmann, 1977, pp. 107-108 [from My Land is Dying] 89 1 [Brief excerpt] in Our Appalachia: An Oral History. New York: Hill and Wang, 1977, p. 204 [from Night Comes to the Cumberlands; Caudill is also referred to on pp. 3, 247, and 370] 89 1 "The Rape of the Appalachians." in American Society, Inc. (2d ed.). Chicago: Rand McNally, 1977, pp. 172-186 [from Night Comes to the Cumberlands, pp. 305-316, 325-332] 89 2 "Farming and Mining: There is No Land to Spare." in Environmental Problems (2d ed.). Dubuque, Iowa: William C. Brown, 1979, pp. 290-296 [from Atlantic, September 1973] 89 2 "American Serfdom: The Backward Coal Industry." in Selected Readings: Kentucky Coal Fields, 1980, pp. 150-156 [photocopied from Atlantic, June 1978; compiled in reader for classroom use] 89 3 "Appalachia: The Path From Disaster." in America's Energy. New York: Pantheon, 1980, pp. 33-37 [from The Nation, March 9, 1964] 89 4 "Unsafe in Any Mine--The Story of Big Black Mountain." in The Business Reader. New York: Pilgrim, 1983, pp. 82-91 [reprint of "Manslaughter in a Coal Mine," The Nation, April 23, 1977; article has been somewhat edited] 89 4 "The Subculture of a Depressed Area." in The Child and Society (4th ed.). New York: Random House, 1984, pp. 96-101 [brief excerpts from Night Comes to the Cumberlands and The Watches of the Night] 89 5 "O, Appalachia." in The Appalachian Trail Reader. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996, pp. 225-233 [from Intellectual Digest, April 1973] 89 5 APPALACHIAN RESEARCH FILES X Scope and Contents note The bulk of these folders contains copies of articles acquired by Caudill from the University of Kentucky libraries while he was a professor in the history department. Some student papers are also included in this section. The folder titles are those assigned by the Caudills. Photographs originally in these files have been added to the Caudills' Photograph Collection (PA91M2). [See also Box 79-80 for other research materials.] COALFIELD HISTORY i General i Alabama; Summer 1975-1980s; N.d. 90 1 Appalachian Railroads; February 1l, 1909-1955 90 2 Bell County, Kentucky; October 22, 1931-1986; N.d. 90 3 Camden-Rockefeller Correspondence; January 13, 1877-June 23 1879 90 4 Captains of Industry ii December 1904-August 17, 1980 90 5 N.d. 90 6 Company Towns iii November 1897-January 1929 90 7 May 1931-March 26, 1971 90 8 June 1972-December 11, 1979 90 9 November 30, 1980-December 6, 1984; N.d. 90 10 Death in the Mines iv 1884-August 25, 1977 91 1 April 5, 1978-March 1982; N.d. 91 2 Eastern Kentucky in the Age of the Moguls v June 5, 1884-June 27, 1936 91 3 July 15, 1954-December 29, 1984 91 4 November 17, 1986; N.d. 91 5 Fairmont Ring; December 1904-November 7, 1979; N.d. 91 6 Henry Ford and Ford Motor Company; July 22, 1920-June 15, 1988 91 7 Harlan County Kentucky vi July 20, 1860-December 11, 1981 91 8 February 28, 1985-Spring 1988; N.d. 91 9 Harlan Enterprise; April 10, 1908 92 1 Industrialization of the Appalachians vii 1879-June 1918 92 2 June 1920-December 6 1984; N.d. 92 3 Kentucky River Coal Corporation; March 25, 1915-September 20, 1979; N.d. 92 4 Kentucky Utilities Vs. South East Coal Company; April 25, 1985 92 5 Labor Conditions viii September 1901-November 19, 1967 92 6 December 9, 1975-October 1990; N.d. 92 7 Labor Strife in the Coalfields ix August 27, 1892-January 23, 1941 93 1 March 24, 1961-Summer 1988; N.d. 93 2 John L. Lewis (UMWA); October 1970-April 1, 1971 93 3 Lynch, Kentucky x April 1916-1972 93 4 April 3, 1980-June 8, 1981; N.d. 93 5 John C.C. Mayo xi August 13, 1912-Fall 1978 93 6 October 21, 1979-June 15, 1986; N.d. 93 7 Middlesboro--The Magic City; 1905-Spring 1983; N.d. 94 1 Ownership and Control xii December 11, 1910-December 18, 1977 94 2 April 1978-October 1980 94 3 November 1, 1980-July 24, 1985; N.d. 94 4 Stearns Coal and Lumber Company; October 16, 1975-December 2, 1980; N.d. 94 5 William B. Sturgill; December 29, 1966-c. 1990 94 6 CULTURE ii Appalachian Culture i November 4, 1858-May 1899 95 1 March 1900-June 1949 95 2 April 1952-September 1983 95 3 December 17, 1985-1989; N.d. 95 4 William Aspenwall Bradley; August 1915-March 1918 95 5 John Fox, Jr.; August 24, 1988; N.d. 95 6 Melungeons; April 1951-November 10, 1971 95 7 Music, Customs, Superstitions, and Language ii December 21, 1867-December 1918 95 8 April 13, 1921-May 6, 1985; N.d. 95 9 Religion iii 1919-June 23, 1975 96 1 November 15, 1977-April 29, 1982 96 2 Fall 1984-September 1987; N.d. 96 3 DEVELOPMENT iii Economic Reform and Development i Agriculture; October 1959-May 1985 96 4 February 1935-November 4, 1968 96 5 March 1970-November 8, 1980 96 6 February 19, 1981-January 1986; N.d. 96 7 Out-migrants and Population; July 1924-April 1986; N.d. 96 8 Tennessee Valley Authority; May 1980-mid. 1980s 97 1 EDUCATION iv Schools and Education i September 23, 1858-September 1917 97 2 1920-December 23, 1984 97 3 January 14, 1985-May 11, 1988; N.d. 97 4 ENERGY v Coal, Oil, and Gas in Appalachia i August 4, 1901-December 22, 1980 97 5 January 13, 1981-February 20, 1985; N.d. 97 6 Energy; February 28, 1963-March 1982 97 7 ENVIRONMENT vi Environmental Problems i Aluminum Toxicity in Eastern Kentucky; December 26, 1900-May 20, 1985 98 1 March 1930-December 6, 1979 98 2 January 22, 1980-June 17, 1985; N.d. 98 3 Floods; June 2, 1927-September 16, 1982; N.d. 98 4 Forest of the Cumberlands ii 1882-December 1961 98 5 1975-April 12, 1989; N.d. 98 6 Geology and Geography; 1877-October 22, 1984; N.d. 98 7 Strip Mining and Floods; June 6, 1971-August 24, 1977; N.d. 99 1 GENEALOGY vii Letcher County Families Genealogy i Eastern Kentucky Social and Historical Material; July 2, 1863- 1986; N.d. 99 2 September 3, 1864-June 6, 1984 99 3 April 1, 1985-December 10, 1986 99 4 January 3, 1987-June 1989 N.d. 99 5 HEALTH viii Health and Welfare i c. 1920-June 5, 1977 99 6 September 1978-January 25, 1987 99 7 N.d. 99 8 HUMAN GENETICS ix William Shockley's Genetic Theory i Blue People; November 6, 1974-November 1990 100 1 Decline of Human Intelligence; November 22, 1965-May 1989 100 2 Intelligence and IQ Tests; 1941-January 6, 1992 100 3 January 8, 1965-October 31, 1973 100 4 February 9, 1974-December 30, 1974 100 5 January 27, 1975-February 1, 1988; N.d. 100 6 MISCELLANEOUS x Autobiography: John Lucas (1880-1965); 1964-1965 i Appalachian Bibliography; 1900-June 1939; N.d. 100 7 Appalachian Volunteers; May 6, 1985 100 8 Original [no photocopying; original is fragile] 101 1 Photocopy [* researchers must use this copy *] 101 2 Autobiography: Monroe Lucas (1878- ? ); c. 1956 ii Original [no photocopying; original is fragile] 101 3 Photocopy [* researchers must use this copy *] 101 4 Feuds and Violence iii July 9, 1877-November 9, 1921 101 5 1958-April 1984; N.d. 101 6 Intelligence and Psychology; September 1891-April 9, 1985; N.d. 101 7 Letcher County and Whitesburg iv July 18, 1860-August 31, 1988 101 8 March 1991; N.d. 101 9 Life and Trial of Dr. Abner Baker, Jr.; 1946 102 1 Modern Moguls; August 3, 1965-November 1985; N.d. 102 2 Poverty and Backwardness v c. 1855-December 9, 1975 102 3 May 1977-March 29, 1987; N.d. 102 4 Race Relations vi September 1857-December 11, 1979 102 5 February 1980-February 23, 1986 N.d. 102 6 War Heroes and Other Distinguished Mountaineers vii May 1920-December 10, 1979 103 1 January 27, 1980-December 5, 1984 103 2 January 19, 1985-March 15, 1990; N.d. 103 3 Women and Children; February 1864-Autumn 1985; N.d. 103 4 [Additional articles on miscellaneous subjects]; c. mid-1970s- November 24, 1985; N.d. 103 5 POLITICS xi Kentucky and National Politics i July 11, 1914-June 5, 1977 103 6 May 1, 1978-April 21, 1983; N.d. 103 7 Kate Ireland and Robert Gable; June 30, 1981- January 6, 1988 104 1 Harvey Sloane, Grady Stumbo, and Martha Collins; September 6, 1974-January 23, 1984; N.d. 104 2 PRE-INDUSTRIAL APPALACHIAN HISTORY xii Kentucky Frontier i Civil War; July 1860-Autumn 1987; N.d. 104 3 Colonial Era Settlements; September 1925-September/October, 1988 104 4 February 1854-July 1942 104 5 c. 1980-winter 1985; N.d. 104 6 Kentucky Settlement; June 1886-1980s; N.d. 104 7 Pioneers in Eastern Kentucky ii February 1, 1882-February 1969 105 1 Summer 1973-May 20, 1988; N.d. 105 2 Retarded Frontier; July 1898-October 16, 1965 105 3 Southern Appalachian Mountaineers iii December 2, 1858-October 1915 105 4 January 1918-January 26, 1983; N.d. 105 5 Valley and Blue Ridge of Virginia; April 1905-Winter 1978 105 6