* First of all, you don't have to let any policeman into your house"unless he has a search warrant. The same thing goes for your car or garage. And in your absence, no one (landlords etc.) has the right to let the police search your home.
* You have a right to ask for a copy of the warrant; exercise that right and make sure the warrant pertains to you and has your address on it. If the policeman only has a warrant for arrest, he cannot search your entire home, but only the immediate surroundings.
* If police take anything from your home (files, subversive books, etc.) you should get a receipt.
* If you're driving a car, a cop has the right to see your driver's license and registration papers, but he cannot search the car without a warrant.
* If a policeman is arresting you he must say that you are under arrest and he must tell you the charge.
* If a policeman asks you any questions, you have the right to remain silent.
* Get the badge numbers and names of the cops involved in case there is any harassment.
* The cops have to let you talk to a member of your family, a friend or a lawyer (it is best to call the most reliable). If you don't have the change for the call, the police are supposed to provide it, along with a phone book. (When a lot of people get busted together, the phone calls can be pooled and shared over a period of time. This is important from the standpoint of keeping in touch with the outside world.)
* Don't sign anything or say anything until you've talked with your lawyer" whom you have the right to meet with privately.
* If the cops want to give you a drunken driving test, you have to take it or they can revoke your license.
* If you're a UK student and you're charged with a misdemeannor, you can call the University and you will be sprung on the University's recognizance.
Most of these tips come from a booklet entitled "Know Your Rights" put out by the Kentucky Civil Liberties Union. We have a few at the fly office or you can write the KCLU office-Room 405, 205 S. Fourth St., Louisville 40202 .It's free if you send a self-addressed, stamped envelope.
Changes on Olympus
By Liberation News Service
WASHINGTON, D.C. (LNS)-If Americans ever believed there was an Olympus within their borders, the location had to be the chambers of the United States Supreme Court. "I'll take it all the way to the Supreme Court" has long been the sputtered refrain of the miffed and abused. Changes in personnel at the Supreme Court amount to a changing of the gods for Middle America.
The Court is like a slowly turning 12-compartment revolving door. One man gets old and leaves. A younger old man takes his place. The new man stays for a long time.
G. Harrold Carswell, 50 years old, will probably be around for a long time. The whole country knows about his 1948 pledge never to abandon the cause of white supremacy. Fewer people know the details of his part in the incorporation of a segregated private golf club, his record of rulings against black civil rights activists. Fewer still know what he did to women by ruling that an employer could summarily deny a job to women with pre-school children. But as Carswell's ascent to the Supreme Court begins to look like a fait accompli, a 71-year-old man, appointed to the Court over 30 years ago by Franklin D. Roosevelt, is beginning to sound really interesting.
In a book scheduled for publication Feb. 19, Justice William O. Douglas says he's about ready to opt for revolution. In Points of Rebellion, the new book, Douglas attacks the Pentagon, the FBI, the CIA, former Presidents Truman and Johnson, government and corporate bureaucracy and the racism of police, entrepreneurs, and educators.
"Where grievances pile up high," he writes, "and most of the elected spokesmen represent the Establishment, violence may be the only effective response."
"George III was the symbol against which our Founders made a revolution now considered bright and glorious ..
We must realize that today's Establishment is the new George III. Whether it will continue to adhere to his tactics, we do not know. If it does, the redress, honored in tradtion, is also revolution."
Inveighing against elaborate anti-communist security procedures regulating employment, and promising that dissent against American militarism will not be stilled, he charges that "The Pentagon has a fantastic budget that enables it to dream of putting down the much-needed revolution which will arise in Peru, in the Phillipines, and in other benighted countries."
"At the international level," writes Douglas, "we have become virtually paranoid. Indeed a black silence of fear possesses the nation... Truman nurtured that fear, Johnson promoted it, preaching the doctrine that the people of the world want what we have had, unless suppressed, will take it from us."
And domestically, he is horrified by "the upside down welfare state" where "railroads, airlines, shipping"these are all subsidized; and those companies' doors are not kicked down by the police at rught." Meanwhile, he sees no way of robbing from the state the ability "to conduct midnight raids without the search warrants needed before even a poor man's home may be entered by the police."
He hears the "powers-that-be faintly echo Adolf Hitler," who said (1932):
Legislature pass a resolution declaring that the citizens of Kentucky are opposed to the war and are in favor of an immediate withdrawal of all U.S. forces from Southeast Asia.
Freedom of press: a heinous crime?
By Bucky Young
Martha Allen and Mike Honey came to Kentucky from Michigan to fight repression and guess what happened"they got repressed.
Mike and Martha (who are husband and wife) are coordinators for the Southern Committee Against Repression (SCAR) and also are on the staff of the Southern Conference Educational Fund (SCEF). They were arrested for protesting the Black Six trial that was to have been held in rural, predominantly white Munfordville.
The Black Six are six blacks charged with conspiring to dynamite oil refineries in connection with Louisville's civil disorders in the summer of 1968. The trial was moved to Munfordville at the request of Commonwealth's Attorney Edwin Schroering Jr. because he said pre-trial publicity would make a fair trial in Louisville impossible. Moving the trial to Munfordville was supposed to solve all that.
"No one denies that he had the ! right to hold dissident views. On the ! other hand, it was a drag having him j around. "
"The streets of our country are in turmoil. The universities are filled with students rebelling and rioting... We need law and order." And Justice Douglas can't help but grant that the political opponents of the state have the right to defend themselves and to resist any attempts to crush them:
"American protestors need not be submissive. A speaker who resists arrest is acting as a free man. The police do not have carte blanche to interfere with his freedom"
Douglas is a real fluke, a liberal revolutionary in 1970 America. His book says nothing about how he intends to deal with the reality of Carswell. But Douglas is 71. And Carswell is only 50.
SMC plans Frankfort march
Plans are being made for a statewide antiwar demonstration to be held in Frankfort on Saturday, March 7.
The UK chapter of the Student Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, organized on the UK campus last month, is organizing the protest, which will begin with a parade through Frankfort starting at 1 p.m. and will end with a rally on the steps of the CapitoL
The UKSMC has sent teams of informational organizers out across the state in an effort to involve as many students and as many campuses as possible.
The SMC will request that the state
Mike and Martha's crime consisted of sending a letter to all the people listed in the Munfordville phone book telling them that the politicians were trying to make fools of them. "The prosecutor in Louisville knows he doesn't have enough evidence for a conviction, and that is why he is dumping this case on you," the letter said.
"He seems to think that the citizens of Hart County will convict these six people without any evidence ... We urge you to protest against this trial being pushed off on you."
The letter was mailed January 1 and on January 5 Hart County Circuit Judge Charles Richardson said it had made a fair trial there impossible and asked that the trial be moved back to Louisville. It has been, for the time being, and Mike and Martha consider that a victory, although they say they will not stop fighting until the charges against the Black Six are dropped completely.
However, Judge Richardson said Mike and Martha had committed a "heinous crime" and asked that they be indicted, which they were on January 15. The charge was "embracery""an obscure and seldom, used provision prohibiting attempts to influence or prejudice a jury.
Mike was arrested first because Martha had gone to Washington, D.C, to work on another case. He said the jailer who locked him up told the other prisoners they could "do whatever they want to with him (Mike)"nobody will ever find out."
However, Mike said he had no diffi-
culty with the other prisoners "because there is a common feeling in jail that you're all being fucked over." After that, he was placed in solitary confinement in a four-by-seven-foot cell for the 19 days he was jailed.
He refused to make the $2;000 bond because he didn't want to concede any legitimacy to the charges against him. Realizing he was raising a political issue by doing so, the authorities constantly attempted to intimidate him into leaving. Besides the solitary confinement, there was one occasion on which a state trooper appeared outside his cell with black jack in hand. The trooper told the jailer he would give him ten dollars to let Mike out so he could get at him. (Mike doesn't even have long hair.)
Martha was arrested a week later when she returned and also placed in solitary confinement"for 12 days. In the meantime, a group of 79 persons from Louisville signed a "complicity letter" about Mike and Martha's case and sent it out to Munfordville residents. The letter read, in part:
"If sending that letter (Mike and Martha's) to you was a crime, so is publishing a newspaper ... so is talking to your neighbor on the street. The Hart County Court has said that it is a crime for American citizens to communicate with each other. We say it is not! If sending that letter was a crime, then sending this one is too. The signers of this letter are equally guilty."
None were arrested. Neither was the editorial staff of The Courier-Journal which wrote an editorial raising some of the same points Mike and Martha had made in their letter.
They were released when a Louisville group decided they had been in jail too long and posted the bond for them. Their trial has been set for April 7. Now that they are out, both are as determined as ever to continue their struggle.
Martha feels the issue of a free press is crucial to the case: "The main reason the situation exists is because of a lack of a media."
In a statement she issued earlier, she said, "Most people, don't own big newspapers, and the newspapers often don't print what we say. Our only recourse is to do what we did"print our views ourselves and distribute them. If we are to be jailed for that, there is no freedom of the press for us, or for most citizens."
"If they can find a means to make us be quiet about political trials," she said in a later interview, "then they'll have us all locked up."
Fidel cuts cane with Venceremos
By Gene Cluster
HAVANA (LNS)-Fidel Castro spent all of Christmas Day with the Venceremos Brigade. Most of the day, Fidel and the North American volunteer can-cutters were in the fields together, unceremoni-. ously wielding their machetes, cutting cane, sweating.
Like everyone else in the Brigade, I had come to Cuba with a number of different preconceptions, not all of them conscious. I had real difficulties imagining Castro coming to the camp. My experiences with political leaders were few and formal. They gave speeches, press conferences; they set up an intentional distance between themselves and people.
My ideas about Castro were more vague. I thought of him as the Castro that most Cubans always referred to as Fidel. I didn't realize how much I had been brainwashed by the American press. Even though I respected him as a revolutionary leader, I reacted to the hatred in the newscasters voice as he talked about the "danger of Latin American countries becoming like Castro's Cuba." Nothing in my experience helped me imagine what a visit from a revolutionary leader would be like.
* * * " *
The night before he came, Christmas eve (for those of you celebrating it in the usual way), an official meeting was called, and' the head of the camp announced that 1 Fidel was coming. That speech was the first clue to the nature of Fidel's visit. Other than increased security and some publicity, we were told that we would have a normal day of cutting cane. Fidel had come to cut his daily quota of cane, for everyone in Cuba is now mobilized for the harvest. We were not to disturb him in his task, nor was he to interrupt