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Image 153 of Catalogue of the Officers, Studies, and Students of the State College of Kentucky, Lexington, Volume 5 (Session ending 1907 June 6 )

Part of University of Kentucky course catalogs, 1865-

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. STATE COLLEGE OF KENTUCKY. 149 j u. GERMANY Ann zoucxrnou. ` » The power of education has never been shown so impressively as in the sudden and stupendous development of the limited resources of the German Empire since 1871. 1. Natural Res0u1·ces.—1 . An area of 208,788 square miles (Texas has 265,780; that is, Texas is larger than Iowa (56,025 sq. m.) and the German Empire together.) 2. A good climate, but with little variety. 3. A soil mostly poor (65 per cent. of it cultivated.) 4. No great mineral wealth except in coal, lignite, iron, common and potassic salt, with much zinc and considerable copper, lead and silver. 5. Only 300 miles of ocean coast with three harbors; 830 miles of Baltic coast with six harbors. 6. Nine ‘ H navigable river systems, none of them being large except the Elbe, which is ll less than the Ohio, and the Rhine, which alone has always water enough for . a good navigable river. , II. Added Res0urz:es.——1. About 60,000,000 of a vigorous, industrious, . knowledge-seeking and knowledge-applying race (280 to the square mile.) ` . 2. Thirty-two cities of more than 100,000 inhabitants each, and fifteen of more than 200,000. 3. The largest and finest army in the world (606,000 A men in peace, 3,000,000 in war). 4. A navy third in size and possibly - . second in efficiency. 5. A merchant marine (in 1901) of 3,883 vessels in V the ocean service, and 22,564 in the coasting and inland trade, some of Ger- ` many’s 1390 ocean liners being among the biggsst, fastest, finest ships that . cross the seas, and home-built. 6. A commerce second to Great Britain’s , alone (exports in 1901, $1,094;,663,610; imports $l,372,413,9l0). 7. The best ~ , consular service and the best commercial schools to prepare young men in , _ languages and otherwise for foreign trade. 8. Manufactures "unparalle1ed · among the nations, and mostly due to advanced technical education," and embracing, in forms of the highest excellence, nearly all the products needed for the use of man. 9. In 1900, 36,270 miles of railways, and 1519 miles of canals. 10. Agriculture and stock-breeding, to which, however, * much less attention is devoted since (in 1871) the Germans turned to com- , merce, manufactures and ship-building. 11. Forestry. The forests cover- ` V ing a fourth of the surface, and being under State protection and seientific . culture, yield a large annual revenue, the forests and public domain of Prussia yielding a yearly average of $20,000,000. 12. The production of books, books on nearly every imaginable subject and in many * languages, Germany producing in 1904, 28,378 works (France 12,139; Great Britain, 8,334; and the United States 8,291). 13. The crowning glory of Germany, the chief source of her growth and power, her schools of all grades, con- » ceded by intelligent educators everywhere to be the best in the world: 59,300 common schools, or about 1,000 to every million of people, with compulsory attendance of pupils, and reducing the average illiteracy of the Empire to rk of one per cent. (Brandenburg, a part of Prussia, having no illiterates and the Kingdom of Wtirtemberg none); numerous schools of all grades for girls and young women; (in 1901) 1108 secondary schools, (corresponding