. STATE COLLEGE OF KENTUCKY. 149 j
u. GERMANY Ann zoucxrnou. `
» The power of education has never been shown so impressively as in the
sudden and stupendous development of the limited resources of the German
Empire since 1871.
1. Natural Res0u1·ces.—1 . An area of 208,788 square miles (Texas has
265,780; that is, Texas is larger than Iowa (56,025 sq. m.) and the German
Empire together.) 2. A good climate, but with little variety. 3. A soil
mostly poor (65 per cent. of it cultivated.) 4. No great mineral wealth
except in coal, lignite, iron, common and potassic salt, with much zinc and
considerable copper, lead and silver. 5. Only 300 miles of ocean coast
with three harbors; 830 miles of Baltic coast with six harbors. 6. Nine ‘
H navigable river systems, none of them being large except the Elbe, which is
ll less than the Ohio, and the Rhine, which alone has always water enough for
. a good navigable river. ,
II. Added Res0urz:es.——1. About 60,000,000 of a vigorous, industrious, .
knowledge-seeking and knowledge-applying race (280 to the square mile.) ` .
2. Thirty-two cities of more than 100,000 inhabitants each, and fifteen of
more than 200,000. 3. The largest and finest army in the world (606,000 A
men in peace, 3,000,000 in war). 4. A navy third in size and possibly - .
second in efficiency. 5. A merchant marine (in 1901) of 3,883 vessels in V
the ocean service, and 22,564 in the coasting and inland trade, some of Ger- `
many’s 1390 ocean liners being among the biggsst, fastest, finest ships that .
cross the seas, and home-built. 6. A commerce second to Great Britain’s
, alone (exports in 1901, $1,094;,663,610; imports $l,372,413,9l0). 7. The best ~ ,
consular service and the best commercial schools to prepare young men in , _
languages and otherwise for foreign trade. 8. Manufactures "unparalle1ed ·
among the nations, and mostly due to advanced technical education," and
embracing, in forms of the highest excellence, nearly all the products
needed for the use of man. 9. In 1900, 36,270 miles of railways, and 1519
miles of canals. 10. Agriculture and stock-breeding, to which, however, *
much less attention is devoted since (in 1871) the Germans turned to com- ,
merce, manufactures and ship-building. 11. Forestry. The forests cover- ` V
ing a fourth of the surface, and being under State protection and seientific .
culture, yield a large annual revenue, the forests and public domain of
Prussia yielding a yearly average of $20,000,000. 12. The production of
books, books on nearly every imaginable subject and in many * languages,
Germany producing in 1904, 28,378 works (France 12,139; Great Britain,
8,334; and the United States 8,291). 13. The crowning glory of Germany,
the chief source of her growth and power, her schools of all grades, con- »
ceded by intelligent educators everywhere to be the best in the world: 59,300
common schools, or about 1,000 to every million of people, with compulsory
attendance of pupils, and reducing the average illiteracy of the Empire to
rk of one per cent. (Brandenburg, a part of Prussia, having no illiterates and
the Kingdom of Wtirtemberg none); numerous schools of all grades for
girls and young women; (in 1901) 1108 secondary schools, (corresponding