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2 > Image 2 of Kentucky fruit notes, vol. 2, No. 4, July 1943

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

l E I X I if the fruit is green but which may growers and workers as to the most develop very slowly on ripe fruits. profitable methods of handling the As the spots enlarge the tissues col- second-year strawberry field. There , lapse slightly leaving the surface was so much interest and demand l of the decayed portion flat. for this information that Held tests . Tng fungus gvgyyvintgys in bgyk \V1` started lll the SUITIIIIOY of 1942. infections, mummied fruits on the Thi! Pl0lS Wl'0 lQld_ lll two lllll trees and in fruit stems left on the f0l`m Bl?lkm0l`Q llclds lll the Peoln - tree when mummieg are ]QmOvd_ C8h-BYlt0f1 SCl1OI1, OIIC OI1 {IIC l8l`I`l1 During damp periods these sources of M1`. LSi1 H1`l`1S, K\1l. Kyo -, produce spores that are scattered to and one on the farm of Mr. J. L. ;4 'l the fruits by dripping rainwater B1`1,Blll0, K)/ I and insects. After thlts the spread ` from fruit to fruit is rought about . , j rapidly by rain, flies and other in- 'lhc Pulls t k I sects. Following up some recen wor , In orchards where bitter rot has by the U. S. D. A. showing the bene- not been a factor a 6-8-100 Bor- ficial effects of heavy mowing of jg . deaux spray should be applied each strawberry foliage just after year as a precautionary measure vest this was included in the trials. . about the first of July. In orchards At each location four plots were where losses have been heavy, mowed very close immediately after 5 spraying with a 4-6-100 Bordeaux harvest. Two of these were then t mixture should be commenced about raked clean of mowed leaves and j June 15 and repeated every two mulch and the middles were culti- j_ weeks until 4 to 7 sprays have been vated with one-horse scratching type _. applied. For best control it appears cultivation on through the summer. ; necessary to build up a coating of The other two mowed plots were left copper on the fruits by successive without any cultivation or mulch re- applications. If you have been moval. Four more plots had all j troubled by bitter rot in the past weeds mowed off above the straw- and have not yet sprayed with Bor- berry foliage and two of these were deaux, begin spraying immediately cultivated as above and two left un- . and repeat at two-week intervals. cultivated through the season. It is better to prevent the disease Four moto plots were Sglggtgd and frpm getting el Start tnen to Wall two of these were barred-off and until it appears and then try the Worked out oh Juno 2, jmmgdj. almost impossible job of stopping it. otoly attol. ho,.VoSt_ and tho other The latter practice usually results two Woro bo,-I-od-og and WO,-kpd Out = in heavy losses. If you find that the oho mohth latot-_ This was to Com- disease has gotten e Stert ep one pare early and late working-out and tree befpre You neve Starred to consisted of barring off each row to Spray with B<< apply H 6-8- 3 pppipch strip spd then chopping 100 pr 8'10'100 Bprdeapx innneoe out six-inch chunks of this row cvcrv ately to the entire orchard and then toot or So_ Fo,-tihzor was thoh at}- pick all infected fruits and remove phod to tho oo,.,.od_otf rows ooo them fmm the rlRrl They will the miaaipp then cultivated pm be total less eyW=v ml if left dpwp at ppcp. pppmizpp wps pp- 1n the orchard will be a source from phod to ah of thoso plots when mp which Other fruits. Wm becpme in' treatments were started, at the rate fected Spray RpR1R In _=Rlt one of pounds per acre, using a 4-16-4 week, using a 4-6-100 Boideaux and fortlhzoh tee? tiprey Rl tWe`Wk l~~alR June and July of 1942 were very wlt 6 4`6`100 mixture hot and dry in this section. New, ...*7 crisp, clean, green foliage gugkly grew on the plots that ha een STUDIES IN SECOND-YEAR mowed close and cultivated. Thcso were the thriftiest looking plants al STAWBERRY FIELD CARE summer. In the non-cultivated plots RR R ARMSTRONG ;;0;;m2a;ms;hh;l%;;2 zzpiilai; For some seasons now in the inthe unmowed plots. When weeds strawberry sections of Kentucky and grass crowded in later in the there has been considerable doubt summer, a number of the plants in and confusion among strawberry these plots died. 2