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5 > Image 5 of Kentucky fruit notes, vol. 2, No. 4, July 1943

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

grail; 4 ORCHARD VITALITY tivetnless of frult trees and a decrease 1n_ e propor ion of nitrogen in a Q THREATENED I`l:llXd fertilizer decreases its effec- 9 A_ J_ QLNEY tiverless for oriharcli pulposes. Mixed 2 er 1 12ers are ene cia to the cover Many orchards have not received cl`0p {N j the usual treatment with nitrogen No gahafal }`Omm1'1datiOn can A fertilizers this year. Since continued be made to Suit all orchard condi- , mductjon is dg endent on a Sum- tions. The procedure to be followed P P . . l; cient supply of nitrogen to the trees, W1ll dapahd Oh tb? growth and V1gO1 Ll growers should give the matter spe- of l.l'l l.1'S. F31lL11 to fL1I`I1lSh 8 noon cial attention at this time. Supply haaded to P1`OV1-la adaqllata gw During the period when commer- growth Wlll 5hOW up in reduced da; cial nitrogen fertilizers are short, grolps no}? yoaruino. the Years to Deen tg some other means should be found o owth.n o ninportonoo .of Nest if possible. lf available, manure may ggvvbng is matter Serious attention be used to supply this need. It should be recognized that the action of the Fctti];zt For 1944 l_ nitrogen in manure is slow and ap- _ _ _ _ mall plication should be made in the fall , lt 15 hOpd that tha fft1l1Z1` Sltua- and or early winter to give the desired t1Oh maY Clear up SO that h'1O1` HOF- 1OW_ E. effect. Usually at least 200 pounds mal $11ppll$ may be available f01' _g in a1`_ hfadad to fugnish nitrogen 1934. t_t_ f f t_l_ _u b men equiva ent to 5 poun s of nitrate of duah 1 lS O er 1 1Z1 W1 _ Own : soda. ma e ava1lable_ to different states in _ V A l accordance with the1r_ needs. In * mealsegllftidllgr tirjths ii`$$?l 3;;*%;2;;ti;lfrzllotainteiii ated . supp y. _ e in of egume to be .. . . . that { grown will _vary with the situation gorilllzokgllllslotn thotF$`oohPro' wigs and experience of the grower. uc lon ollms ro lon a as mg' jd 8 Usually one of the Clover family OI, ton will have to be_sent an estimate Wigs a Euxtlire of clover; gives best re- O Vnnnl yealko roqolgomonts t d j SU S. n many orc ards lespedeza a1`aS 1gaC g1`OW1 0S1l ttlodlf has proved most satisfactory. Where in a POSt Card with tha following rl in needed, lime and phosphate should information: V Be used to stimulate the growth of i_ An estimate of kind and r of 9 COVE? Cmp- amount of nitrogen fertilizer d in i An orchard that has a heavy sod needed between January 1, ; on . has Z goodd supply of nitrogen that 1944 and July 1, 1944. {en- can e_ma e available to the trees 2_ Th b ft ees i at gll;gm;q.uge 0tW0thO1`Ol to %?&iidT " i ; ce in e ear y spring pro - t on ~ ably would take the place of a mod- 3` ggxgggllgg iilglggr Whlch this erate application of sulfate of am- ` rnal moma. S dth` ` f at`o t PTO- This should be followed by re- en ls m mm I n O " l942, seeding to a legume cover cro . Department of Horticulture i so l p . _ t should be pointed out that cul- University of Kentucky txvation_over a considerable_ period Lexington, Kentucky .t I is undesirable because of erosion and Q/gr; should be avoided. _ l t Qn rough land or where erosion is Y I? gg Serlous and the land must be culti- HINTb AND 0BSER\A` mc}, vated, strip cultivation and cover TIONS thl Cl`0DDlHg should be practiced. By W_ W_ MAGILL ` e re- _ In old orchards where the shade Field Agent lll Hcrtlcultme is heavy, legumes will not succeed nine as well as grasses. f1hp The use of low-nitrogen mixed gate? feritilizeg may be recommended to Blum. Rot _u t 1 o a_ imite extent to supplement the The alert apple grower NW1 no " h, 35 Hltrogen supply, However, in most get "too busy" to examine the QFOP Sh Kentucky orchards nitrogen is the at least twice each week for Bitter only element that limits the produc- Rot appearance through late July 5 QQQRR S . SEE;. or