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Image 6 of Kentucky farm and home science, vol. 5 No. 1 winter 1959

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

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'tlNddTPd Ktk’ élpl 3 66 6 0 1‘0 1166 6Il 116 Y S is ° ° . V A ur ey 1·0p ast Year- 127 1 1011 ‘¤•·` • • • 1 · 1 1 Y . . ‘ . , . . 1 .. ' **0 Estunate Includes direct and 1)(1(.Ll1t ol lthe total, and hntd labor avtraging 3- ih · · iercent. Ot 1er cash cost items -11*e ilant bcd materials, _ * calculated costs, 1ntcrest, I _‘ 1 _ , _ d al C of lil Or ls d cover crop seed, spray materials, 2Il1(1 fuel for cur111g. "" i I ‘lll V ll ) I 6 ~ - . . V ° ( Abo11t half of tl1e total estimated direct casl1 cost 7,. · . 11s11ally is expended prior to c11tting a11d l1o11sing thc 1 ' Y T _ _ _, \ ny Joul" H' B0]"DURAI"T c1·0p—wh1c11 begins about ALlgllSt 15 eacl1 year. U Financing production costs of farm ()1)61'il1Z0l'S in pro- Cil1Cll1ilt(*(1 costs for producing b111*ley tobacco i11 ipc d11ci11g burley tobacco may be divided into three Kentucky averaged $1-16.89 per acre in 1951-53. Add- \ groups-direct casl1 costs, calculated costs, and the mg 7 percent (the tlI11()lll1t such costs are (‘StlU12lt(‘(l T labor of tl1e farmer aud his family. to have increased) makes the calculated costs last 2»,<~ Direct casl1 costs for producing burley tobacco year (1958) about $157 pe1* acre. These costs i11cl11de K averaged $117.60 an acre in Kentucky (lllflllg 1951-53. materials, facilities, 2lll(1 services—otl1er tl1an direct V T Since tl1en farm production costs have inc1*eased about cash cost items—used i11 tobacco production. They »a ;» 7 percent so that direct casl1 costs 1nay have averaged may be included principally i11 two groups, (1) power J about $126 an acre in 1958. These costs a1*e cash items and equipment and tl1e tobacco barn, striproom, "( ’ that Cilll be charged directly to tobacco. For an esti- sticks, a11d other equipment. Other calculated costs eq- mated 2()3,()()() acres of b11rley tobacco this amounts were val11e of manure used 011 tobacco L1l1(1 non-casl1 L ,_ _ ..., . . _ . _ - . . . Yr ~ to $23,5r8,()()(). Begnnung ea1ly in tl1e year Ll.l1(1 cou- costs of hired labor used in tobacco ]_)l‘O(1llC1Zl()l1. Much tiuuiug until l)ecember, practically all this cost must ofthe calculated cost items a1*e used for production of -..( be incurred before any l'(‘llll'l1S are received f:1'()I11 tl1e other crops as well as tobacco. Tl1e total calculated sale of the crop. Tl1e onlv major exceptions are costs of the 1958 1)lll'1(1‘V tobacco crop i11 Kentucky, A. marketing costs aud labor costs for stripping tobacco, based Ll]_)()ll the above cost pe1* acre and the 293,000 .45 ` some of which are incurred after part of the crop is acres i11 tobacco, is estimated at $31,871,(l()(). Power A sold. The interest charge at G percent per year for an and equipment averaged 31 percent of the calculated di A average period ol 6 months, if all the direct casl1 costs cost a11d barn and tobacco sticks 54 percent. Tl1e A of $23.6 million were bo1*rowed f1111ds, would 1llHOlll11Z charge for these iten1s i11cl11ded depreciation and to $7()8,()()(l. The two largest iten1s of casl1 costs i11 obsolescence as well as costs of repairs and f11e1 for , producing burley tobacco are fertilizer, averaging 36 the proportion of their 11se in tobacco production, €* .. . - *5 .. , .—..¤ -15-z?}£’*i¤`.i.‘¥.i·2¥*¢`1§.;`~ . , S! »·e~L’.s~6¢;r-=;; ¢»,~» _,». . ¢. _ ·. , ~ · » ·.’·‘ . - Y it ii} i :473J?f€?;f‘é¥?$?,}$i’?L*'·‘»%*§-gi :15.** 22; ~.__~_y ,12;,;, _,1,_v ·—·z.e* Ag ··;m,i es; , ·._·¤~ f1N_—’~·’ *T~.g;,. ,.~ ,¤·‘w¢% r .,~:r ’ u ii;) ij;1.-/»?:·?5 ...e· ‘;;g,}¢— ,_ ·;_ if, -1, ` ·'#j} Z-, , ¢~,y·,·;;`;f `t'e.=:·*;;f}·.3"_.#,/· ’_,» ‘/~};",;t’—~’_ ·r»a·;`» ‘· ·~ ,4 .# ,—·;=.· j g’.»·>·» ;_,~¢m ¢@*`i·r·,‘»`,;·* ,‘:;w»— Q ‘··· »> QT 3* _ *1* _' Lia? { pd} ff , ;¢?>~ .·j» , l_"Lv-1*4 $4 4r,;YiL‘;`_·'. "i €°’ ¥°`·' ,, _ M K ,(5$ ‘,<,· ` !Q?"`:y ¥'}'%x ‘ {Ag. I jé/*\-( · ? · v);}_i4’zé’Q\*‘·_’/ ‘_. _. . = . T , {M nep-¤*,i_g{(. _` ·‘ ‘* .' 1 -} » - ·»»-‘ * K *€%*$,W<<”"··Y» ”.~~.¤rir. ‘ · . -3.,; . ·,<¢F‘d_· ·_·· ` * ».., _ {/;*,5 ja; ·J_-W g ". ~·!‘ rg,) · ..» ,€*,_ ”@ *_;~_ O/'rsx l-`Q $4 { L ,2 I. ` j i Q .. NV,/,· V I v _ T ;r· gm, ~ .7* i;. . ..,. M · , ri » 1 ~ — I · h ‘f j`)ly~"`@i•»" gsm: `·».- · ':; ' I" · I r '? 1* yl:-· ,:.;**1.4-··>·.v· *»'( The great an1o11nt ol labor required m burley _;_;§`w` _ { 1 A? { . ` y n ).’”¤·",,.,(y,_ production is illustrated bv this picture of a — V . <{gf,"`·-it.·.f§‘f_,·i) ,~‘?_... ,·· ‘ ` ,_;;* ,4" {/jr , .' . . . .,T ’ .J ‘° ·#-· ~, .=»1"}-· `J " ·· X n`*,€•,_p •" r (`L‘lI(l'il1 1\(‘lIlll(`l(}` t0ba1·1·o held showing leal nn .59*; _ A ».?’r»,;,, ’ · _ _, -* ‘*’1¢T.___ F l·‘ , " · various stages of harvest: (left) tobacco on ·· :4-* ,-, , § P Qi _ _, _, ,,0** . , . , ,6 Q. `;~, my ._, R- · · , ·.~ , 5 1 , _. 1, ,s¢,_»· _ L stark, ready lor housing. (center) cutting to- * '.,g `._= "¢• s ‘ _ -·>·,,__·f_··;~ ., ·_ “f·,,’*·*( ’ wi ` · . ‘ . . ‘ fr- #· “\J)$·•·'4.;2{• .i —. Ly · ’ » rr -» * *‘ "¤l· · lr · * l)€l(`(`() 2lll(1 Iilllllllg (lll Sll(`1(. (rlglll) l()1)2l(`(`U r i` *°`·"'_[]_ /- _ l, _iT·;€~`i"*__ , '— __-Wi",. '·"- sutlteretl. readv for cutting. (Photo: Russell Q * », l’f° ` *1 ._.‘. 1 "fi» i · `l,’· _ Y•"ii Jr; » `4 } I, • . ` ‘/... »· {K »,. EE: I},. zo,} { p . p J, ¤ wil U: .4 .\. llllllll §· · " in: /,~ gi li' {_ ,. * % a we ’ .4 ·fZ».i» ‘* . ·· 3 , 1 , * , . ·* s, ·:. _ . >¤ ,,. (~» ga ’ , ‘ K j1’;>é.p."l _ __,_·, V ‘ · 4. •$;:fLa—· . . · if ,,",ur?.¢~.*·_¤-·"; . •\..»·' fi 1{l·ZN'|`l'(ZKY F.-tnxr asn lloxua Sci1·:N