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7 > Image 7 of Kentucky farm and home science, vol. 5 No. 1 winter 1959

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

housing, and marketing. Since the $31.9 million cal- the tobacco grower to break even, the estimated cost ___,v culated costs were in use over practically the entire of financing the burley tobacco crop in Kentucky for year, interest on this amount at 6 percent would 1958 is approximately $127 million. This estimate Q amount to $1,91-1,000. would amount to $625 per acre of bnrlcy tobacco. .1.,} Total Financial outlay tl represeptsca sggniiicant financing problemzfor _ _ _ _ _ it ai mei proc ucing .. to 4 acres of tobacco, especially Q -,_ to wlwu other Pm-is of the farm business have similar Mi I A U H in 1 fi ' financing needs. For all of the approximately 100,000 _ mtu) HOP O O` ) burley tobacco growers in Kentucky, financing the "" Dil.cct Cash Costs $23,578,000 liggit above costs must come from savings or through credit *~ Calculated Costs ........................ 31,871,000 5-1.9 SoofCES _ _ L * hltcrcst Charge __________________________ 27622,000 45 Other costs in producing tobacco such as returns to Total land, equipment, and other investments are usually ,7; paid when or after the crop is marketed and. therefore, . ThE above outfall Equals $286 no oE1`E This 1`EPl`E are not included as a part of the cost of financing the V *f sents the financial outlay that must be met to break cmp Thgst, Costs wu.}, cmlsidembly in (mrclwut Parts ,,3 , EVEN imo ooES oot fElooE any Eh*`gE for thE 11>r_<>* of the state but are an integral part of the total cost. the farm operator and his family and no charge for `=ir *4 use of land and other fixed investments for tobacco Wh D Y I _ S I 19 Vt P,.OduCti0,,_ _ V y 0 out is Qlllt c 100 . The estimated operator and family labor used for (Cmiriiuwd from Page 3) "' 1<><1is thE woo toooooo Efop iu Kcutuckr fwEff the beliefs and attitudes held by the family. This sug- /0 aged hours per acre. 1`his amounts to a total of gcsts 2, target rm. action Pmgrums in mm] Mcusl If oo>of7ooo hours or o~oo2125 Elghbhooli (lolx This the rural familv can be influenced to adopt more also omooofs to 42 9*11* Por oofo All fwomgo of 70 favorable attitudes about formal education, these . 1 hours of lobof PE1. oolio is hood ooo# tllofofolu is changed attitudes probablv would result in more included in thc above direct cash costs. The value of mm] vouths Cmltimliuq thci lsmmul (,(hm,ti(m. family labor would vary for different parts of the state, I ` QM as does the cost of hired labor, depending upon SCh00| Life _ V V alternative opportunities for productive selflemploy- Sonic aspects of school life were related significantly "t*" ment or wage work. In the Bluegrass area in 1952, to continued school attendance. Youths from both the the average tobacco tenant received about $1 an hour ]_?001`1` and "l)ette1'-Off`, families Who were active in for his labor in tobacco production. The cost of farm school activities tended to continue their formal edu- " *7** labor has increased about 13 percent since 1952. How- cation; those who took little part in extracurricular ` __" ever, in some parts of the state, labor is more produc- activities tended to drop out. Satisfactory relationships ` tive than in other areas, with a range from about 3()0 with teachers also appeared to be a factor in keeping +"` hours for producing tobacco in the inner Bluegrass to young people in school. The youths who dropped out tv more than 5()0 hours in parts of eastern Kentucky. of school seemingly had more complaints about their ` I teachers than did those who remained in school. The `a Value of Farmer S Own Labor most common complaints were that 1) the teachers Im. Beglardless of the value placed upon family labor Yiolutcd thc Stud(,mS~ SUM, or hm, Play 2) thc), (_m_ V,. i osod of bnrlcy tobocco 1`otoi~ tho fwfxmgo to' barrassed students, and 3) they gave preferential treat- Qy, baeco grower must supply 339 hours of labor over a mem to mlm, wmths (Wm. ()tl,(,l.S_ pwlmps school ud_ .. _ period of about 10 months before he receives any pay lmnistmtmx t'(,nClu_l.S_ and Othm. School p(,l.S(mm,l mr 'A f01 l1iS \\01l<. 111 Otl1C`1` \V()1`(l Since the Slllwistollco at Should assist the p()()1t1' \0lltl1S ill filltlillg tlCC(])t11l)ll ya.; the tobacco grower and his family depends Aon income wigs in (,xtmcuU.iCHlm. M_ii\,im_S which would (_m_()m__ ,&;` from tobacco production, hcghas either to finance this ago youths to rmmm in SCIMOL subsistence from savings or from borrowed funds. At ,*5.* S1 an hour (the average wage earned by tobacco Work Lif - , 5;*.* tenants in the Bluegrass area in 1952) this would Demands placed upon a youth to do unpaid work " amount to $68,817,000 for the 1958 tobacco crop. lf at home appeared to influence him to drop out of 4].,,.; this amount is added to the $58.1 million incurred by )CU"HHm,d UH Page H) i *` Ki:x*ro