with the balance of the community) is, from various causes, continually increasing: and, in proportion to that increase is the interest of the people in favour of a government of just laws, where the interests of all are protected, and the rights of property inviolably secured.
But, in addition to the causes before enumerated, why our government will stand, and become more stable annually, is the Federal system upon which it is based.
Our government is made up of thirty separate parts, each being a State, independent of the rest in every thing, except national matters. There are no national officers of the law among us, except about one judge to each State, and a marshal to execute process in suits between citizens of different States brought in the federal court, and in cases where States themselves are parties, so that there would be no machinery of government by which any power in possession of the federal government could control the people of the States. The State officers are not under the control of the general government, and would not obey it. Even the gaols and court houses belong to the States, and are used by the federal authority, on sufferance from the States. Of course, as every State manages its own internal policy unconnected with, and independent oi\ the general government, the possession of the general government by any usurping authority, even if its officers would obey that authority, would amount to nothing. It would have no governmental machinery to operate with. To control the States then, it would be necessary to get possession of thirty different governments, and certain we are, that one hundred thousand men in each could not hold them.
Upon the score, then, of military force, there never can be danger. Upon that of internal commotions, as one thirtieth of the country could only be affected at any one time, by any one commotion, no permanent injury can be apprehended from that cause and the only possible cause of fear is the combination of one portion of the States against the rest. Of this however there is nothing to apprehend.
If our population possessed no more intelligence than the average of the world, it would be almost impossible, under our constitution, for it to fall: because the general government guarantees to each State a republican form, Should a reyolu-