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201 > Image 201 of Fairs and fair makers of Kentucky. Volume I

Part of Kentucky Works Progress Administration Publications

. 190 -..-...-.__._......_......_....- -- -- ...... ......, T., ,..JE{;T2..&_R lL~KElS effect of lengthening the years of schooling, especially that of the girls in the family, and prepared the way for expansion of the high schools with their coming courses in domestic science, agriculture, athletics, and other activities of the modern day. In all this story of progress the men and women of Kentucky, acting through the instrument of their agricultural and mechanical associations, had played no insignificant part. The farms of the Bluegrass, the Purchase, and the Pennyrile 4 had been their experiment stations in a day when the agricultural college and ex- periment station were alike unknown. The early judges of their craftsmanship had been the cattle markets of Baltimore, New York, and Boston; the horse buyers of New England. Here they had nurtured and refined the Thoroughbred; shared in the development of the Trotter; founded the great breed of the American saddle horse. Here they had made for the Shorthorn a second home, as famed throughout the world as its ancestral home beside the Teeswater. Here they had brought mule breeding to a perfection never dreamed of in Spain. Here great droves of regs, great flocks of sheep, bore witness to their skill as breeders; and broad fields of corn, hemp, wheat, and tobacco to their skill as husbandmen. The men and women of Kentucky, those who preceded and those who had founded the agricultural and mechanical associations, had tamed the native canebrake and peavine pastures and given the bluegrass, that had migrated from the shores of the Baltic, room to run. They had early staged acre-yield corn contests; hemp and tobacco shows; garden, field, and orchard exhibits. ln connection with their fairs, they had instituted baby shows, the predecessors of today's childrens health clinics. Blacksmiths and skilled farmers exhibited at their local fairs the latest in plows, harrows, wagons, carriages, and other farm appliances. At their society meetings, papers were read giving to all the results of the most recent experiments of their greatest horsemen, cattlomen, fruit and grain ex- il ports. For a generation and more, they had hammered at the doors of the legisla- ture, until at last a common school system for the education off the children of the State was adopted. They demanded and secured, a survey of the State's miner- al resources. They labored long to obtain the State's College of Agriculture. They insisted upon tho creation of the State Department of Agriculture, upon the State Experiment Station-- upon the entire broad educational foundations of to- day's adventure in living. - For themselves they asked only that they be permitted to livegraciously. They built not only for their time but for the future. In turnpike and graying wall, pillared gate,and ample home, they left, in visible form, the impress of their tenure. T The record of their times, gathered from fast-perishing sources, is here of- fered in the hope that what these men and women of Kentucky did while living here, and especially what they envisionedfor that future which is our day, may be remembered. T * * * * ~ gl End of Part I The bibliography and index of Fairs and Fair Makers of Kentucky may be found ( at the end of part Il. \