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Image 3 of Kentucky farm and home science, vol. 7 No. 4 fall 1961

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

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• • • -t1me egu ar 1ga1·ette ontams ri • t ()I‘€ 0 &CC0 311 1 t€I‘ B ‘ i. f I . U_K_ agronomists continue research rolled into long, flat sheets with an adhesive material · on ci argue h Sical ro Crue? added, reshredded and used in cigarettes. The prac- __ g P y P P ’ tice allows use of perfectly smokable tobacco materials A study began lll formerly discarded as waste. The process is sometimes T »..»» called “homogenization." ig By FRANK ];_ BQRRIES, ]R_ Nicotine content has dropped from a former average D<‘1*"”"*<’¤‘ Of Pumw Infofmaiion content of 2.5 percent (or even higher) to an average ~¤ The Old time re Ulm- el rm·e{te-exee t for the “kin - of about 1.5 nercent, with a to > of onl 1.75 iercent. . \ \ R size) non-filter-contains more tobacco than its newer The 1111t12ll ll1V(;‘St1g2`llZlOl1 began about 1956, Atkinson & cousin, the popular filter type, Silltl. L€21(lll1g 1)1`&ll1(lS {YOU] tl`|€ top SIX lTl2ll1lll2lCtlll`(;‘l'S -\ > . . . . . ' <"*· Thats one finding ofthe U,K_ Ag Experiment Sta- are }_)lll`Cl12`lS€(l at varied lOC8t10l]S 11] tlle U.S. The lr tion’s agronomy departments investigation into phy- brands studied constitute an estimated 90 percent of sical properties of cigarettes. The project is continu- CigH1‘€tt€S produced in the U.S. »·;¤ ing. The samples (two cigarettes from each package) __ Agronomist \V. O. Atkinson says the trend toward are stripped down and the tobacco separated into r iismallerii cigarettes—smokes of less circumference or COl11l)Ol1€l1lIp211'tS, i.€. 1'lllC-Cl11'(*(1,l)ll1'l€y, Turkisli, stem, 'rt with filter tips which replace some of the tobacco- and l101110g€l1lZ€(.1 (I‘€CO1lStitUtG(l) f1'21Cti()11S. or tile rx started several years ago. The trend apparently has l`€H12l1111Ug cigarettes, 10 are weighed and measured . gloxvetl now_ for tobacco column size and filter length. Then the `* * Other things noted in the lengthy check are (1) tobacco is analyzed for alkaloid content (nicotine { higher use of reconstituted tobacco; and (2) a grad- P€1'€€¤t€ig€)- ry i ual trend toward lower nicotine content (making a r *’* milder smoke). The six big companies now use re- C'9°"€"° sue D°°r€°$€d ~ J constituted tobacco in varying amounts; reconstituted For a time during the investigation, the size of the t()l)l1CC() gl·()uud-uP l€aVgg’ gtguqg and frggjiieiitg Clg&1l`Gtt€S VVLIS i:()lll1(l to l)(‘ (l(‘(.‘l'L‘2lSlllg. \VilS (1110 _ chiefly to either a smaller tobacco column or an in- _ .-’` .. creased filter length. ( ·r· ’‘.... ;* ~ - --—. _ - · - . w VVV, E ” »·*‘/;. Tlns trend continued until about 1959, Atkinson —¤»`»‘ . ‘ — ‘· . . . . 1 .1, ·t.’ _... said. Since thcn. sizes have rcmamcd about the same. ` ..` ?*?*’·*—` ``.~ E -.~¢*">Y ‘/’# q "` .. » . . . . ~ I_·~.a______ __ Except for the kmg—s1zc (non-hltcr) cigarette, wc » 0 Q l found that by 1959 no cigarette contained as much .—‘.i »:=r...... “ tobacco as the old so-called `re rular’ ci; ’ &. ( “ °“ P""“° °‘ X —r r is ri} -- ·l·19(‘0 ·i1 · · r ( (,7g, A ftpi up gnnpv W c,__,_;: jfy lhcmscwch on any tx tn . in uy can y .. > , a six major mann at- V -»-# ;.% Cigmmm phy tnrcrs were nsrng reconstituted tobacco in varying ( » I ·~ Q ' sieal proper- <{nairtitics—cnough in volumc that it was apparent thc ' ` * ‘- :r·. fr · , . . . ‘‘‘‘°’ ’’‘., »[ _ . _ , We cigarettes were not cxpcrnncntal typcs. Atkinson noted ·~“t._,- iii r<>~··~···»~l ·»·· wa- #2 Kigx’i·ucm* FARM Asn lelosnc Sc11;xc12»FAL1. 1961 3