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16 > Image 16 of Kentucky farm and home science, vol. 4 No. 2 spring 1958

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

Nicotine Content of Burley able undoubtedly will influence the blend composi- ((;,,,,H,,,M] f,.,,,,, page 10) tron. It is believed tl1at the use of large quantities of A, at . . . . . . . sten1 materials was made possible by a change in the - , because ot over-fertilrzatron with nrtrogen, however, nicotine Content Of the tobacco CIO js HOW being PIO Q . ' ' may work to the detr1111e11t of tl1e burley producer. duced I This has been reflected in the use of less burley to- Thcl belief is Commonly Cxpmssed thrlt mmf Cigar s` bacco in cigarettes and tl1e use of larger quantities of _ _ . _ ( . .L { t _ I cttes are responsible for the increase rn the number P s em ma (1'l'l s. . . . . ( . _ _ of cr arettes Wl11el1 can be marrufactured from a rven - t Market data obtained on the 1.)57 crop would 1I1(11- quantity Of tobqcco Th dam Obtrliued in this Stud ve cate that some of tl1e con1pa111es are not so concerned . .( ( . . y _ _ _ _ _ _ do 110t support tl11s assurnptron. The increase 111 use with high-nicotine content as they have been rn tl1e . _ , _ of filter cigarettes l1as come largely at tl1e expense of past. Tlns may bc tl1e result ot technological changes . . . . , _ __ _ _ tl1e regular-sized cigarettes, and most filter brands 111 wlnch have occurred. Since less of tl1e higher-alkaloid . . . . , _ _ _ _ 1956 contained more tobacco products than drd regu- 4 . tobacco is required to produce a grven (illkllltlty of crg- . . . . . ,, _ . lar cigarettes. A reduction rn tl1e diameter of firrer _ _, arettes, the trend toward production of a stronger . . . - . rf, _ , _ _ _ types results 111 the use of less tobacco tl1a11 IS used 111 tobacco will prooably result m a reduction in the total . V . ,_ xi, _ . _ tl1e production of standard, regular brand cigarettes. quantity ot tobacco needed by tl1e companres. . s . -- . Regular cigarettes were found in 19oi which had a re- F __ _ _ _ duced diameter and required less tobacco for their [lgaltt SIZE and COIHPOSIUOH production tl1a11 did kingsize (85 mm) filter cigarettes e fC<"*ff"*'d f"*"" [6 8} produced at tl1e same tir11e. The addition of stem ma- Y , . . ~ ~ " greatly intensified. Further changes in the industry t1'1?l$ 8PD&1'l to be H13 Chtf 1`k1S011 {OY l1G 1156 of would sum to bg jlicvjmislo less tobacco in the production ot cigarettes prior to v .\lthough blends were found to vary widely, de- 1907- DU1`111g 1957, WilS1l USB ot Cig31`tlZ$ in flip- pendent on company, brand and date of manufacture, WP b0X Was P1`0bblY the l>igg5t f8t01` iii 1`ilUiU-I the quality of the tobacco and tobacco products in cig- the (lUmUtY Oi t0bCC0 1`1Uii`d P1` igYtt- k` arettes as measured by nicotine and sugar contents No evidence was found in C1]1111C21.l studies or i11 . was relatively stable. lt is obvious that tl1e companies tl1e separation studies to support the common belief _ strive for a final product with similar smoking quali- that a stronger, lower quality tobacco is required for ** ties and that they have a variety of ways of achieving tl1e production of filter cigarettes. Although it was im- i this end. Strong, high-nicotine tobaccos can be diluted possible ir1 this study to determine the quantity of any with stem material to irodnce a ci rarettc with similar overnment rade of an iarticular tv Je used and it * 1 e 1 . 1 smoking r nalities to that of a ci rarette iroduced with- is iossible that more ti or red leaf burle r grades as . l 1 l 7 out stems from milder, lower nicotine tobaccos. The an example, might have been used ir1 Hlter cigarettes, ratio of flue-cured to burley can be changed, and to- this was 110t detected visually or chemically. its a gen- "1i_ bacco from very mild, low-nicotine crops may be eral rule, tl1e separated fractions from regular, king- ,. blended with very strong, high-nicotine crops to pro- size or filter cigarettes produced by any one of the dnee cigarettes with similar smoking characteristics. comparnes were very similar 111 physical appearance ` (Zonsumer acce itance is tl1e final 'ud YC of ( ualitv and had essentiall the same chemical analvsis. -. I gl . V cliaracteristics, a11d it is certain tl1at no C()lI1i)zllly is go- Numerous cl1a11ges were observed during the course _ ing to manufacture a product or contimre to use any ofthe study, and it is obvious that the results obtained ` innovation which does not receive consumer accept- are representative of the period of study o11ly. Such a . 4, ance. The price and quality of the raw material avail- study is out of date before the results can be tabulated. . l ro' ! l(entncl<}' .'\L!|`lClllt\l\`i\l Experinient Station _ lF]N.\l,TY FOR 1Rl\`.-\'l`E USE TO \V(}ip University of Kentucky [ P;\YMlCN'l` OF IOS'l`;\(jE. S300 Lexington, Ky. tb %uz,Q~ /Z.M{x Director f I l:liEEt\I1Il\\A\l Report or Bulletin or Report of Progress - llerniit No. llflll io, ` tg `1\ . I()S'I`Mi\S'l`liR: Please return tree it ith unclaimed. See Postal laws and Reg- ..,, \ nlations. I