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8 > Image 8 of Kentucky farm and home science, vol. 4 No. 2 spring 1958

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

of stem material. There was also a trend toward au found to contain between 1.84 and 2.41 percent nico- increase in the use of Turkish or aromatic tobacco. time. The analysis made near the end of the study ` Consistent trends iu the use of burley and Hue-cured (Tabl 1) indicates that the same range of alkaloid $4* g tobaccgs Wgrg not Obvj()ug_ The yglgtivg use Of these COl1tHt still pI`Vk1ild. However, SOIl1 C0lT]p'3.l]iS have ' ` types seemed t0 depend upon particular company tI1dd {0 il1CI`21S aud others t0 decrease the nicotine ** preference. One company shifted to the use of u much wlltllt Of their cigarettes. The average nicotine 0011- lk" larger quantity of burley tobacco during the period of WNY of thff fgl11Hf, kilig-SiZ Bild {HWY CigH1ttS is study, while another significantly reduced the burley essentially the same. This would not be anticipated 011 content. The quantity 0f Hue-cured 0r burley tobacco th b$iS vf Th SUPP0$d US of St10gf t0b80S in z, `_ which went into the manufacture of thc reconstituted Hltf-typ cigarettes. IH addition tO these Hgurcs, the '_ tobacco could not be determined. Burley tobacco blend data and ViSl13l 0bSfVHti0H mHd 011 th 56PM- J" varied fygm to 40 pgycgnt Of (hg dried wgjght Of k1td fI`21CtiOl]S WOllld iI1diC9.t that th1 is little Lllly _) the tobacco leaf used in the manufacture of cigarettes. difference iu the tobaccos going into the cigarettes of A/I()St (;()mPm]j(g used klppygximgtgly SO percent burley Vz1l`iOllS types. T3.bl 1 shows that fh IUCOUDB COHt(:11t 1* in their cigarettes. The use of Hue-cured tobacco was is PPiftlY 1'gl1h1td by th 0mPHiS gl. found t0 vary from approximately 30 t0 50 percent of Table 1__1-he Percentage wml alkaloids (nicotine) {Gund I % the total Weight of the tObz1CCO. in the tobacco of cigarettes of different types manufacunred v` by 6 major companies in 1956 and 1957. P___ Composition Varies Widely r _ 7 The variations iu blends probably represent an ut- _""'""V Rg"' K*"gS" Fm"' H"""" K"'i ww tempt on the part of the companies t0 produce u cig- M; Percent 4-+- ga} ure-tte of definite smoking properties from the tobacco A 2.32 2.31 2.2:3 2.05 2.22 1 which was available. The wide variations indicate B 2-18 1-9]- 2-22 2-18 22-8 2-$8 "" that the companies have considerable latitude in ac- C L84 207 216 L84 L95 Hm . . . . . . 1) ...... 1.93 2.22 2.16 1.9:3 2.04 . C()H]I)llShlll[.{ th1s ()l)]CtlV. In general, ut the start of E 2.05 2.40 2.05 2'11 223 this study, it appeared that the use of burley was tend- F 241 2,4,0 QU;33 QU4] :129 g_()g A ing to decrease. Ou the other hand, near the cud of ,.;,2 the study the burley content tended to increase and l; Hue-cured to decrease. This may have been influenced Sugar aU&l}S$ WY also made OU th wml t0baCCO V by the vpyy mild fiuchcuwd crops Produced dm-ing and on various fractions obtained from the cigarettes. 1955 uml 1956. The variations iu blends could also Th? 1`$Ult$ idit` that dw Variation in Sugar COW he cmr(lutp(l yvith what is known ubgut the genera] tent is wider than the nicotine content when consid- buying policies of the companies. Om; is known to 1'Sti*<*<* tObCCO> if it gives *1 COmPtitiV dvts= *"` mm|ySgS_ [H 195;} and 1955 thc Cigmvttos of www COm_ to u company will probably become common practice `q panics showed an lll1lI'k<(l increase in nicotine contcnh in Nw idSt"Y The StdY indicates that gwawr ef` going ns high as 3 pcrccnt in somv instances. By the Forts me OW bemg made bY the idStYY as H h0l" ""~ timv of this study tho nicotine content of those which to i**`*`<*$ HW `fHi`(`Y Of Pmductiolh imd 1'$?%U`h * _ had prcviously been 8 percent hud ln-en reduced *`H"`t$ in M1 l)h`S of Cigarette PmdCti me lwing ` murkvdly und, as shown in Tublc 1. ull (`igllI`(tt(S we1c ((;,,,,H,,,,d 0,, pagg 16) Ar{A 8 K1::xt1: Scu:NC1:S1m>1<: 1958 V