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750 > Page 750 of Battles and leaders of the Civil War (vol. 1)... : being for the most part contributions by Union and Confederate officers : based upon "The Century War series" / edited by R.U. Johnson and C.C. Clough Buel.

750 NEGOTIATIONS FOR THE BUILDING OF THE "MONITOR." government direct tovements by which naval and mnlitary turn acquire renown, Is often by the panning multitude little thought of aid searely known; but the truth should nut be suppressed. - The ecvilans of the Navy Department who adopted and pursued through ridicule and assault the tanUor experiment, Butler and others would light and defaune. itt the histories of the war, the Nttvy Departaent, which origitmated. Itlanned. and carried forward the mnial aehlevelitent. frotti Hatteras to New Orteami.n and tualily Fort F iller, Is scarcely known or memitioned. The heroes wto fought the battles and periled their liven to carry Into effeet thei plans which the departmnent de- vised have deservedly honorable reti enibrnee- bitt the originators and nvers are little known. I remember, my dearsir, yourearnestefforts In the early days of the war and the comfort they gave tue. V Yotrs, GlIDEoN WELLES." Captaitt Ericsson's version of the visit to Wash- ingtou, as given in Colottel William C. Church's paper ott Johin Ericsson" in "The Century" magazine for April, I8179, is as follows: --With his previous extperiettee of the waste of time and patletite regutired to aemitulullh anything at Wash- ington, Captain Ericsson, who Is not, It taunt be said, like the mian Mtcs. tee-editig iteek.' woulil tt,,t hita- sell gPt to the eapital to sieure attention to hin ideas. There were associated with him three men of practical .xperlenee, great energy and wealth, whia had become interested Il the Monitor and were detenrnimed that it should have a trial. Otte of these was Mr. C. S. Bushnell, of Cuna-etteut. lIfe went I. Waehington, but failed itl the t empt I. lera4e the ion clad botird thttt tht designer of the Petneemss was worthy of a hiaring- Nothing remiained eeaipt In Indutce Ertessoti to vIsit Wa'hln-,o; n 0 per60n ar.1 liluad lhi owli cuause with thr.t ratde bhut forciblehq ehiqteste b hieh hat sldoni fdiled hlain hlt al ttimerf'ney. To nm-ve hilil was onty lt c..diffi- clit thin t,. Convince the Xavy Departruetit without hitmi. At last a sttbterftge wuts adoptid. Ericsoit was given tn undlerstantl that Mr. BusAhnell's reception ait Washinigton had beeti satisfactory aitd thlat ti-thing re- tludned but for hiu to gon ottpt cidtptlete the d-tals] if a contract fur one of his vessels. Presenting hiai-tiilf before th' board. whst was his astatlshtttent Il. find thait lie was not only an tnuexlted hut tupparceutly sn unwelcome vhitor! It was evident that the board were asking themselves what could have brought him there. He was not left long in doubt an to the meaning of thin reception. To his tudignation, an well a hi. astonish- ment, he wan Informed that the plan of a vessel submit- ted by bint had already been reected. The lint impulse wan to withdraw at once. Mastering his anger, how- ever, he stopped to inquire the reason for the deter untnatlon of the board. The vessel had not sullcient stability, Coummodore Sith e.c.laimed; in fact, it would upset and place her crew In the Inconvenient and unde- sir-able position of submuarine divers. Now, if there Is anything which especially distinguishes the Monit-a, with Its low free-board, it ji the peculiarity whiclh It hu. In comnunon with the raft it renemobles - it. inability to upset. In a m.ost earnest and lueit argument, Captain Ericsson proeeeded to explain this. Perceiving that lIl explanation had itn effect, and his bluod being well warutedby this time, he elided by deelring to the board with great earnestnes: ' Gentlemen, after what I have said., 1 coonider it to lie your duty to the country to give me an order to build the vessel b'fore I lIe've this ro-. Withdrawing to one curlier, the boned eunsulted together and invited Captain Ericasun to call again at 1 o'clock. Promptly at the hour nan-fi he appeared at the Navy Department. In the board-rmotia he found conimodore Paulding alone. The commodorc received hin. In the most friendly manner, invited him Into his private office, and amked that he w ould repeat the expla- nation of the morning an to the stabiUty of the essel. Between the two Imiterviews, Ericsson had found l ime to make at his hotel a diagrani pr esnting the que.tion of stabilityiu a form easilyg. ndeattaid. With this diagram. he repeated hi. previous dlenioust-ation. Colni idore tafterward Adnitral) Paulding was thoroughly con- viceed, and with frankness which did hilto great credit said: 'Sir, I have learnt iore ah uit the stability of a vessel from what you have now sail than ill I knew befor-.' This Interview eliiid with a retqitit to all again at 3 o'clock. Calling at 3. Ericsson was at once invIted to pas itito the room of secretary Welles. lHere, without farther pirley, the secretary informed him that the boarI now reported favorably upon his plant of a vessel. asd wished bhu to return to New York and tom- e-ce n ork p.on it at elnte. Ti,' contruact would be ccitt on fr signature. Blefo,-' this mntr'it was re- ceived. the kec1-t-plte furthc first M-otitor had passed throughl the rotting-itill." EDITORS. END OF VOLUME 1. I .