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Battle and massacre at Frenchtown, Michigan, January, 1813 / by Rev. Thomas P. Dudley, one of the survivors.

3tste -A X str4 and I orthmil 4'tt HISTORICAL SOCIETY. NUMBER ONO. BATTLE AND MASSACRE AT FRENCLRTOWN, MXC1 GHI[XN, JANUARY, 181:3. BY REV. THOMAS P. DUDLEY, ONE OF THE SURVIVORS. The following incidents relating to the march of a detachment of Kentucky troops under Colonel Lewis to Frenchtown, on the River Raisin, Michigan, January, 181E; the battles of the 18th and 22d; the massacre of the prisoners, and the march to Fort George, on the Niagara river, were written by the Rev. Thomas P. Dudley, of Lexington, Ky., May 26th, 1870, and indorsed as follows: A. T. Goodman, Esq., Secretary Western Reserve Historical Society: DEAR SIn: I take pleasure in forwarding to your society an interesting and reilt e narrative by the Rev. Thomas P. Dudley, of this city. Very truly yours, LESLIE CooMBS. LEXINGTON, June 1, 1870. On the 17th day of January, 1813, a de- tachment of 550 men, under command of Colonel William Lewis, with Colonel John Allen, and Majors Ben. Graves and George Madison, from the left wing of the Northwest army, was ordered to French- town, on the river Raisin, where it was un- derstood a large number of British had col- lected, and were committing depredations on the inhabitants of that village. On. the 17th. at night, the detachment encamped at the mouth of Swan creek, on the Niatmee of the lake. On the 18th, they took up the line of marcb, meeting a number of the in- habitants retreating to the American camp, opposite to where Fort Mleigs was subsequently built. Our troops inquired whether the British had any artillery, to which the reply was, "They have two pieces about large enough to kill a mouse." They reached the River Raisin about 3 o'clock in the after- noon, and while crossing the river on the ice the British began firing their swivels, when the American troops were ordered to drop their knapsacks on the ice. Reaching the opposite shore, they raised a vell, some crowing like chicken cocks, some barking like dogs, and others calling, "Fire away with your mouse cannon again." The troops were disposed as follows: The right battalion commanded by Colonel Allen, the center by Major Madison, the left by Major Graves. The latter battalion was ordered to dislodge the enemy from the position occupied by them, "being the same occu- pied by the American troons in the battle of the 22d," during which the right and center were ordered to remain where they were, in the open field. until Major Graves' com- mand should force the enemy to the woods. While Graves was drivingr the enemy occa- sional balls from the woods. opnosite Col- onel Allen's command, wounded some of his men. Hence Colonel Allen ordered a partial retreat of forty or fifty yards, so as to place his men out ot the reach of the In- dian guns. Just as this order was accom- plished, we discovered, from the firing, that Major-Graves ha driven the enemv to the woods, when he was ordered to advance the right and center. Up to this time the fight- ing was done by Major Graves' battalion. So soon as the right and center reached the woods the fighting became generai and most obstinate, tne enemy resisting every inch of ground as they were compelled