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2 > Page 2 of Battle and massacre at Frenchtown, Michigan, January, 1813 / by Rev. Thomas P. Dudley, one of the survivors.

COWARDICE OF COL. WELLS. to fall back. During three hours the battle raged, the American detachment lost eleven killed and fifty-four wounded. About dusk Major Graves was sent by Colonel Lewis to strop the pursuit of the enemy, and direct the officers commanding the right and center, who had been hotly engaged in the conflict, and had killed many of the enemy, to return to Frenchtown, bearing the killed for interment. and the wounded for treatment. Nothing of importance oc- curred until the morning of the 20th, when General Winchester,'with a command of 200 men, under Colonel Wells, reached French- town. Wells' command was ordered to encamp on tne right of tne de- tachment, who fought the battle of the 18th, and to fortify. The spies were out continually, and brought word on the 21st that the enemy were advancing In considerable force to make battle. On the 21st morning Wells asked leave to return to the camrp, which he bad recently left, for his baggage. General Winchester declined giving leave, informing Wells that we would certainly and very soon be attacked. In the afternoon Wells again applied for leave to return for his bargage. General Winchester again replied, "The spies bring intelligenee that the enemv have reached Stony Ureek, five miles from here. If you are disposed to leave your command in the immediate vicin- itv of the enemy, when a battle is certain, you can go." Wells left and went back. OD the 22d, just as the reveille was arous- iDg the troops, (about daybreak,) the first gun was fired. Major Graves had been up some hours, and had gone to the several companies of his battalion, and roused them. Upon the firing ot the first gun he imme- diately left his quarters and ordered his men to stand to their arms. Very many bombs were discharged by the enemy, doing, how- ever, very little execution, most of them bursting in the air, and the fighting became general alone the line, the artillery of the enemv being directed mainly to the right of our lines, where Wells' command had no protection but a common rail fence, four or five rails high. Several of the Americans on that part of the line were killed, and their fence knocked down by the cannon balls, when General Winchester ordered the right to fall back a few steps, and reform on the bank of the river, where they would have been protected from the enemy's guns. Unfortunately, however, that part of the line commenced retreatinz, and reaching Hull's old trace along the lane, on either side of which the grass was so high as to conceal the Indians. At this time, Colonels Lewis and Allen, with a view of rallying the retreating party, took 100 men from the stockade and endeavored to arrest their flight. Very many were killed and wounded, and others made prisoners, among the former Colonel Allen, Captains Simson, Price, Ed- mundison, Mead, Dr. Irwin, Montgomery, Davis, McLlvain and Patrick, and of the latter, General Winchester, Colonel Lewis, Major Overton, etc. The firing was still kept up by the enemy on those within the pickets and returned with deadly effect. The Indians, after the re- treat of the right wing. got around in the rear of the picketing, under the bank, and on the same side of the the river, where the battle was raging, and killed and wounded several of our men. It is believed that the entire number of killed and wounded within the pickets did not exceed one dozen, and the writer doubts very much whether, if the reinforcements had not come, those who fought the first battle, although their number had been depleted by sixty five, would not have held their ground, at least until reinforcements could have come to their relief. Indeed, it was very evident the British very much feared a reinforcement, from their hurry in removing the prisoners ! they bad taken, from the south to the west of the battle ground, and in the direction of Fort Malden, from which they sent a flag, i accompanied by Dr. Overton, aid to General Winchester, demanding the surrender of the detachment, informing they had Generals Winchester and Lewis, and in the event of refusal to surrender, would not restrain their Indians. Major Graves being wounded, Major Madison was now left in command, who, when the summons to surrender came, repaired to the room in which Major Graves and several other wounded officers were, to consult with them as to the propriety of sur- rendering. It is proper here to state that our ammunition was nearly exhausted. It was finally determined to surrender, requir- ing of the enemy a solemn pledge for the security of the wounded. If this was not unhesitatingly given, determined to fight it out, but oh, the scene which now took place! The mortification at the thought of surrendering the Spartan band who had fought like heroes, the tears shed, the wringing of hands, the swelling of hearts, indeed, the scene beggars description. i Life seemed valueless. Our Madison replied to the summons, in substance. '-We will not surrender without a guarantee for tne safetv of the wounded and the return of side arms to the officers.," (We did not in- tend to be dishonored.) The British offi- cer haughtily responded: "Do you, sir, claim the right to dictate what terms I am to offer" Major Madison replied: "No, but I intend to be understood as regards the i orily terms on which we will agree to sur- I render." Captain William Elliott, who had 2