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xv

PREFACE t hat maps exhibiting the geography XV of his W e s t e r n e nterprise were i n existence had hardly been suspected. T here are, however, three such maps i n the possession o f M r s . Thomas C. W o r d i n . T h e y were inherited f r o m h er grandfather, D r . J o h n C u m m i n s , who lived on the B a y o u P i e r r e i n M ississippi T e r r i t o r y where B u r r ' s e xpedition c ollapsed. D r . C u m m i n s indorsed for B u r r t o a considerable extent, w h i c h proved his attachment; a n d n o doubt when the conspirator was under t r i a l i n t he T e r r i t o r y t hese t ell-tale documents were turned o ver to one who could be trusted to s ecrete t hem. t hey undoubtedly do, the outlines of B u r r ' s project. The To m aps are of preeminent significance, illustrating, as d istinguish, M a p N o . i (measuring thirty-nine inches b y thirty-two) shows the lower region of the M i s s i s sippi R i v e r w i t h Natchez, New Orleans, and the W a s h i t a l ands, also N e w M e x i c o and M e x i c o d o w n to Y u c a t a n . M a p N o . 2 is an admiralty chart (twenty-three i nches by nineteen) and g ives w i t h astonishing minuteness a s urvey of the G u l f c oast f r o m N e w Orleans to C ampeche. Islands, bars, and inlets are recorded, a n d T h e chart is beautifully executed M a p N o . 3, s oundings are given. o n p aper bearing the watermark of 1801. f orty-five inches by nineteen. w hich i s here reproduced, measures i n the o r i g i n a l It exhibits i n some of its d etails w i t h startling correctness that section of M e x i c o l y i n g b etween V e r a C r u z on the east a nd M e x i c o C i t y o n t he w est. T h e minutise into w h i c h t hese m aps dew h i c h could have been scend display a knowledge