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Page 9 of An address to the Presbyterians of Kentucky :proposing a plan for the instruction and emancipation of their slaves / by a committee of the Synod of Kentucky.

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ADDRESS. 9 secure a recompense. B u t , after a l l , w h a t is the utmost a m o u n t o f i n s t r u c t i o n g i v e n to s l a v e s ? T h o s e who enjoy t he most o f i t , a r e fed w i t h b ut the c r u m b s o f k n o w l e d g e w h i c h f all f r o m t h e i r m a s t e r ' s t a b l e t h e y a r e c l o t h e d w i t h t he m e r e s h r e d s a n d tatters o f l e a r n i n g . N o r i s it to be e x p e c t e d that this state o f t h i n g s w i l l b e c o m e b etter, unless it is determined that slavery shall cease. T h e i m p r e s s i o n is almost u n i v e r s a l , t h a t i n t e l l e c t u a l e l e v a t i o n unfits m e n for s e r v i t u d e , a n d r e n d e r s it i m p o s s i b l e to r e t a i n t h e m i n this c o n d i t i o n . T h i s impress i o n is u n q u e s t i o n a b l y c o r r e c t . T h e weakness and ignor a n c e o f t h e i r v i c t i m s is the o n l y safe f o u n d a t i o n on w h i c h i njustice a n d oppression c a n rest. A n d the effort to k e e p ' i n b o n d a g e m e n to w h o m k n o w l e d g e h a s i m p a r t e d p o w e r , w o u l d be l i k e t he insane attempt o f the P e r s i a n t y r a n t , to c h a i n t he w a v e s o f the s e a , a n d w h i p its boisterous w a t e r s i nto s u b m i s s i o n . W e m a y as s oon e x p e c t t o fetter the w i n d s , s e a l up the c l o u d s , or e x t i n g u i s h the fires o f the v o l c a n o , as to p r e v e n t e n l i g h t e n e d m i n d s f r o m r e c o v e r i n g their natural condition of freedom. H e n c e , i n some of o u r states, l a w s h a v e been e n a c t e d , p r o h i b i t i n g , u n d e r s e v e r e penalties, the i n s t r u c t i o n o f the b l a c k s ; a n d e v e n w h e r e s u c h l a w s do not e x i s t , t h e r e a r e f o r m i d a b l e n u m b e r s w h o o ppose, w i t h d eep h o s t i l i t y , e v e r y effort to e n l i g h t e n t he m i n d o f the n e g r o . T h e s e m e n a r e determ i n e d t hat s l a v e r y s h a l l b e perpetuated ; a n d t h e y k n o w t h a t t h e i r u n i v e r s a l e d u c a t i o n must be followed b y t h e i r universal emancipation. T h e y are then acting w i s e l y , a c c o r d i n g to the w i s d o m o f this w o r l d , w h e n t h e y d e n y e d u c a t i o n to s l a v e s t h e y a r e a d o p t i n g a m e a s u r e nec e s s a r y to s e c u r e t h e i r d e t e r m i n e d p u r p o s e . It i s , h o w e v e r , p o l i c y a k i n t o that w h i c h o nce i n d u c e d the r u f f i a n v i o l a t o r s o f f e m a l e c h a s t i t y to cut out the t o n g u e , a n d c ut off the h a n d s o f t h e i r v i c t i m , to disable h e r f r o m uttering or w r i t i n g their names. S h e h a d to be m a i m e d , o r t h e y w o u l d be b r o u g h t to j u s t i c e . It is s u c h p o l i c y as t he r o b b e r e x h i b i t s , w h o s i l e n c e s i n death the v o i c e s t hat m i g h t a c c u s e h i m , a n d b u r i e s i n the g r a v e the witnesses o f his crimes. H e is d e t e r m i n e d to p u r s u e his o c c u p a t i o n , a n d h is safety i n it r e q u i r e s that he s h o u l d not i n d u l g e i n t he w e a k n e s s o f k e e p i n g a c o n s c i e n c e . H o w horrible