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5 > Image 5 of Kentucky fruit notes, vol. 2, No. 3, April 1943

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

md blossom time. Apples bearing a light deposits an egg in the hole and then asc crop in 1942 should see a heavy set makes a semi-circular cut around and cse of fruit. Dewberry, blackberry and under the place where the_egg was lng. raspberry canes seem to have come laid. Egg punctures are easier to see hat through the winter in good condition on plums, apples and cherries, than re- and prospects look promising. The they are on peaches. Lind strawberry acreage in the state is E h t h 3 4 d d th, down a bit. Wet weather during No- Peng}? Wircmslntungfel tgglguzrfj mg vembef lP"VH%. manxyglfweig small peaches until they reach the _ frem hau_mgUmu cl lggdma il? $m pit. They grow rapidly and are full i- hlibilihii Su2K2` ZO?m?i3.i.`2,3. wwe le 3 weeks Wemy peaches 4 spells ef weather- {?$LS?i`I`2?ii S3lrl ft This season would have paid big divi- Over The worms develop in the the ` dends for the early hauling of mulch drop; On the ground when fuu_ ety. material to the fields and dumping it grown worms cut thir Way Out Of une ; so that it could be scattered later by the drbps, leaving Small round exit en- hand. St=wbe1y yeldS hwV* holes and burrow into the soil to a iaY ` arc expected te be fmrly gd depth of several inches. There they Z Thus in general a somewhat-above- change to a resting stage, called the um ` average fruit crop is in prospect for pupa, _ and later change to adult the state as a whole. The grower is curculios. 3/[3- ef<;`<> _fad.w1th the m?Yu}i13g: A new generation of adult curcu- D, = le?S9_1<>dgig 8 Cmp O I 1 lios begins coming out of the soil ind, del at con 1 1nS about a month after full-grown Dr. _ worms enter it. Dry weatlhler often gf retards adult emergence. ew cur- the culios feed for several weeks before CURCULIO AND ITS CONTROL they are ready te lay eggs. In some gis g years many eggs are laid by these uSh P- O RITCHER new curculios, beginn1n\gV3 weeks lie- , ' Department of Entomology and fore Elberta harvest. e lose a ot ose. . jcr_ . Botanyv of ripe peaches from second brood W_ _ curculio. One of our worst peach pests is the eas- 2 { ~ plum curculio, commonly called the . _ _ . _ ;in(;;' , peach worm. At harvest time iii 1t94l I\0 Facts About eteeml Breed Full . western Kentucky growers OS 8 After the heavy curculio damage tive v great many _bushels of peaches Of 1941 peach growers Sought add? P of . because ef this msectf PW Of the tional information about second brood tcky V loss was due to curculio dn ectly and curculio in Kentucky They Set out the pigul} Wa? todbrofvl} mi- whlch in 1942. to find out ifiandwhen new ton- 0 tan staits aioun cuicu io s ings, adults would lay eggs for 3 gecqnd ?m$ E There is promise of a fine peach brood and when spraying or usting _ 0` - crop for this year. Right now would would be needed. . iany A - _- ll tt' t v`-w the , _ . 1, ef ._ ishgglvdlfacctgeabbxt iolive can H;}ti;\g?t)&l_c19}Q1gh dunliil \%]DSl;;} ion . . - . ` ?4m cum good Job Of comml m strong and Mr.W.W.Mag1ll arranged ' with Mr. Sid Holloway at Sega;/Ea. Mr. Fritz Beyer at Paducah, an r. on L" "* F3l`$g $$5% $Oii?S`Sa 2`3%?,,5 T se _ The adult curculio is a small, ence cages in their respective peach brownish or grayish-black snout orchards. Similar trays and cages g der- bile, about Ht of an inch long, with were run at P1`lllQtOIl by VMI. A-lill- all 10ugh wing-covers. Adults pass the strong and at Lexingtoirby the writ- rith- Winter on the ground in Hoods, feiglce Ulnbeaph case trayst\gtl;(l1ia;1l\;;/ilgg - 10ws, thickets, and gu eys, un or co 1 o oms were s , Sidi trash, leaves, and grass, They appear with small peach or plum drops. buds first in plum trees in the spring, By Fullgrown peach worms falling fiom gen- Shuckfall time they are often abun- this fruit were caught below on a ve a dant on peach trees and very soon cloth-covered tray, counted cachday, give begin laying eggs, The female cuts a and dropped on the ground inside a .s at Small hole in the peach with her beak, wooden cage sunk in the soil and cov- 5