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Pepper family papers, 1834-1948, undated

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Author

Finding aid prepared by Greg Seltzer

Title

Pepper family papers

Date

1834-1948, undated

Repository

University of Kentucky Special Collections

Arrangement

The collection is arranged by subject into twelve series: Robert P. Pepper, Sr. papers; Elizabeth P. Pepper papers; Robert P. Pepper, Jr. papers; Laura S. Pepper papers; Mahala May Pepper Goedecke papers; Frederick Goedecke papers; Thomas L. Smith papers; Laura P. Starling papers; Frank Chin papers; South Elkhorn Farm records; Assorted family papers; Photographs and postcards.

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open to researchers by appointment.

Preferred Citation Note

64m40: [identification of item], Pepper family papers, 1834-1948, undated, University of Kentucky Special Collections.

Extent

3.9 Cubic feet

10 boxes

Creator

Pepper family

Abstract

The Pepper family papers (dated 1834-1948, undated; 3.9 cubic feet; 10 boxes) consists of correspondence, financial documents, photographs, record books, and a scrapbook relating to the Pepper family and their horse farm, South Elkhorn Stock Farm.

Biography/History

Robert Perry Pepper (1832-1985) was a distiller and horseman who, with his son Robert Perry Pepper, Jr. (1867-1896), operated South Elkhorn Stock Farm, located near Frankfort, Ky. Robert P. Pepper, Sr.'s distillery, R.P. Pepper Distilleries, burned to the ground, causing him to focus completely on horse farming. Pepper and his first wife, Ann Kinkead (1838-1863), had one daughter Pauline Culbertson Pepper (1858-1938). Pauline, known as Lena married lawyer, Clay Hatchitt. Following the death of Ann Kinkead, Pepper married Elizabeth Prudence Starling (1841-1924), the daughter of Colonel Lyne and Maria Hensley Starling. In addition to Robert Jr., their children included Laura Starling Pepper (1868-1958); Mariah Hensley Pepper Clay (1870-1939); Elizabeth Lizzie Starling Pepper (b.1871); Mahala Edwards May Pepper Goedecke (1873-1910); Louise Pepper (b. 1875); and Lyne Starling Pepper Smith (1877-1947). May Pepper Goedecke married Frederick Goedecke; they had a son named Lyne S. Goedecke. May Pepper Goedecke died shortly after his birth. Robert P. Pepper, Jr. died young and unmarried. After his death, the horse farm was sold. Additionally, Laura and Elizabeth Pepper never married, though author Robert Burns Wilson courted Elizabeth and reportedly based his novel Until the Day Break on the Pepper family. Colonel Thomas L. Smith married Lyne Starling Pepper. Frank Chin, a lawyer in Frankfurt, Ky., worked for the Pepper family.

Scope and Content

The Pepper family papers (dated 1834-1948, undated; 3.9 cubic feet; 10 boxes) consists of correspondence, financial documents, photographs, record books, and a scrapbook relating to the Pepper family and their horse farm, South Elkhorn Stock Farm. The records relating South Elkhorn Stock Farm include horse sales, foaling records, registration records, and breeding records. Other materials include personal and business correspondence of Robert Perry Pepper, his wife Elizabeth Prudence Starling Pepper, their children, and the Starling family. There are about 300 letters written to Laura Pugh Starling; around 200 pieces of business papers, correspondence concerning custody of Lyne Starling Goedecke, and personal correspondence, all belonging to Laura Starling Pepper; and about 100 pieces each relating to Mahala May Edwards Pepper Goedecke and her husband, Frederick Goedecke. 370 pices relate to Thomas L. Smith, the husband of Lyne Starling Pepper. One group of 10 letters was written while Smith served as an Army map maker in the Philippine Islands in 1903 and 1904 (Box 5, Folder 4-5). An amateur photographer, he printed cyanotypes and brown prints of island scenes directly onto his stationery.

Subjects

  • R.P. Pepper Distilleries.
  • South Elkhorn Stock Farm (Ky.)
  • Pepper family
  • Starling family.
  • Photographs
  • Frankfort (Ky.)
  • Kentucky--History--19th century.
  • Chin, Frank
  • Clay, Mariah Hensley Pepper, 1870-1939
  • Goedecke, Frederick
  • Goedecke, Mahala Edwards Pepper, 1873-1910
  • Pepper, Elizabeth P.S., (Elizabeth Prudence Starling), 1841-1924
  • Pepper, Elizabeth Starling, 1871-?
  • Pepper, Laura Starling, 1868-1958
  • Pepper, Robert P., Jr., (Robert Perry), 1867-1896
  • Pepper, Robert Perry, 1832-1895
  • Smith, Thomas L.
  • Starling, Laura Pugh, 1854-1941?
  • Business records--Kentucky.
  • Correspondence.
  • Horse industry--Kentucky
  • Horses--Breeding--Kentucky.
  • Horses--Kentucky.

User Restrictions

Property rights reside with the University of Kentucky. The University of Kentucky holds the copyright for materials created in the course of business by University of Kentucky employees. Copyright for all other materials has not been assigned to the University of Kentucky. For information about permission to reproduce or publish, please contact Special Collections.

Related Material

PA64m40, Pepper family photographic collection, University of Kentucky Special Collections. 2010ms041, James Clay family papers, University of Kentucky Special Collections.

Collection Inventory

Series I. Robert P. Pepper, Sr. papers, 1866-1902
1866-1890
[Box: 1, Folder: 1]
1891-1902
[Box: 1, Folder: 2]
The Deposit Bank account book, 1891-1892
[Box: 1, Folder: 3]
The Deposit Bank account book, 1892
[Box: 1, Folder: 4]
The Deposit Bank account book, 1893
[Box: 1, Folder: 5]
The Deposit Bank account book, 1894
[Box: 1, Folder: 6]
The Deposit Bank account book, 1895
[Box: 1, Folder: 7]
Series II. Elizabeth P. Pepper papers, 1891-1935
1891-1909
[Box: 1, Folder: 8]
1910-1911
[Box: 1, Folder: 9]
1912-1935
[Box: 1, Folder: 10]
The Deposit Bank account book, 1895
[Box: 2, Folder: 1]
The Deposit Bank account book, 1896-1897
[Box: 2, Folder: 2]
The Deposit Bank account book, 1899-1900
[Box: 2, Folder: 3]
The Deposit Bank account book, 1900-1901
[Box: 2, Folder: 4]
The Deposit Bank account book, 1901-1902
[Box: 2, Folder: 5]
The Deposit Bank account book, 1902-1903
[Box: 2, Folder: 6]
The Deposit Bank account book, 1903-1904
[Box: 2, Folder: 7]
The Deposit Bank account book, 1913
[Box: 2, Folder: 8]
Farmer's Bank of Kentucky account book, 1895
[Box: 2, Folder: 9]
Bank of Frankfort deposit book, 1904
[Box: 2, Folder: 10]
Cash book, 1904-1908
[Box: 2, Folder: 11]
Cash book, 1909-1912
[Box: 3, Folder: 1]
Series III. Robert P. Pepper, Jr. papers, 1895-1896
1895-1896
[Box: 3, Folder: 2]
Address book, 1895 December 12
[Box: 3, Folder: 3]
Farmers Bank of Kentucky account book, 1895
[Box: 3, Folder: 4]
The Deposit Bank account book, 1896
[Box: 3, Folder: 5]
Series IV. Laura S. Pepper papers, 1904-1948, undated
1904-1910
[Box: 3, Folder: 6]
1911-1927
[Box: 3, Folder: 7]
1928-1933
[Box: 3, Folder: 8]
1936-1937
[Box: 3, Folder: 9]
1938-1948
[Box: 4, Folder: 1]
undated
[Box: 4, Folder: 2]
Series V. Mahala May Pepper Goedecke papers, 1890-1909
1890-1894
[Box: 4, Folder: 3]
1895-1909
[Box: 4, Folder: 4]
Series VI. Frederick Goedecke papers, 1893-1922
1893-1918
[Box: 4, Folder: 5]
1919-1920
[Box: 4, Folder: 6]
1921
[Box: 4, Folder: 7]
1922
[Box: 4, Folder: 8]
Series VII. Thomas L. Smith papers, 1889-1905
1889 April-August
[Box: 4, Folder: 9]
1889 September-December
[Box: 4, Folder: 10]
1890-1891
[Box: 5, Folder: 1]
1893
[Box: 5, Folder: 2]
1894-1895
[Box: 5, Folder: 3]
1897-1903
[Box: 5, Folder: 4]
1904-1905
[Box: 5, Folder: 5]
Series VIII. Laura P. Starling papers, 1911-1941, undated
1911-1915
[Box: 5, Folder: 6]
1916-1917
[Box: 5, Folder: 7]
1918-1919
[Box: 5, Folder: 8]
1919 February-1920 July
[Box: 5, Folder: 9]
1920 August-1927
[Box: 5, Folder: 10]
1933-1935
[Box: 5, Folder: 11]
1936-1941
[Box: 6, Folder: 1]
undated
[Box: 6, Folder: 2]
Series IX. Frank Chin papers, 1889-1911
1896-1897
[Box: 6, Folder: 3]
1897-1898
[Box: 6, Folder: 4]
1899-1911
[Box: 6, Folder: 5]
Going file, 1889-1903
[Box: 6, Folder: 6]
Series X. South Elkhorn Stock Farm records, 1856-1897, undated
Subseries A. Registration books, 1856-1895, undated
Brood mares registration book, 1895
[Box: 6, Folder: 7]
Colt registration book, 1856-1893
[Box: 6, Folder: 8]
Horse record book, 1882
[Box: 7, Folder: 1]
Horse registry, undated
[Box: 7, Folder: 2]
Non-standard animals registration, 1875-1885
[Box: 7, Folder: 3]
Registered fillies, 1890-1892
[Box: 7, Folder: 4]
Subseries B. Sales books, 1882-1891
1882-1883
[Box: 7, Folder: 5]
1890-1891
[Box: 7, Folder: 6]
Subseries C. Breeding books, 1894-1897, undated
Foaling book, 1895
[Box: 7, Folder: 7]
Mare foaling book, 1894
[Box: 7, Folder: 8]
Outside mares bred to Norral record book, 1897
[Box: 7, Folder: 9]
South Elkhorn Stock Farm foaling book, 1896
[Box: 8, Folder: 1]
South Elkhorn Stock Farm weening book, undated
[Box: 8, Folder: 2]
Series XI. Assorted family papers, 1834-1944, undated
Subseries A. Assorted family, 1834-1944
Mariah Hensley Pepper Clay correspondence, 1910-1920
[Box: 8, Folder: 3]
Lyne S. Goedecke, 1911-1937
[Box: 8, Folder: 4]
Clay Hatchitt correspondence, 1882-1892
[Box: 8, Folder: 5]
Elizabeth S. Lizzie Pepper, 1890-1935
[Box: 8, Folder: 6]
Smith family papers, 1910-1944
[Box: 8, Folder: 7]
Lyne Starling papers, 1834-1856
[Box: 8, Folder: 8]
Will Starling correspondence, 1889-1893
[Box: 8, Folder: 9]
Subseries B. Assorted materials, 1872-1939, undated
Mrs. James R. Ely correspondence, 1929
[Box: 8, Folder: 10]
A.W. Macklin correspondence, 1900-1901
[Box: 8, Folder: 11]
Account book, 1883-1888
[Box: 8, Folder: 12]
General correspondence, 1885-1939
[Box: 8, Folder: 13]
General correspondence, undated
[Box: 8, Folder: 14]
Holiday greeting cards, lists, invitations, 1872-1934
[Box: 8, Folder: 15]
Unbound scrapbook, undated
[Box: 9, Folder: 1-2]
Series XII. Photographs and postcards, 1918-1936, undated
Dorothy age 12, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 1]
Lyne Harling Geodecke age 25, 1936
[Box: 10, Item: 2]
Two unidentified individuals, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 3]
Unidentified man in military man, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 4]
Unidentified woman with infant, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 5-6]
Jimmy and Dan Dorother, 1921 September 21
[Box: 10, Item: 7]
Two unidentified individuals, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 8]
Unidentified woman, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 9]
Lt. Col. Geodecke with his nephew John Gardner, 1920
[Box: 10, Item: 10]
Unidentified child, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 11]
Unidentified man, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 12]
Papa leaving the armory in Akron, OH, 1920 March 5
[Box: 10, Item: 13]
Three unidentified children, 1918 September
[Box: 10, Item: 14]
Mrs. Imma Klein Gardner? and baby Dorathea, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 15]
House at 1604 North Broad St, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 16]
Antoinette, 1918 September
[Box: 10, Item: 17]
John Hensley, 1918 September
[Box: 10, Item: 18]
Lt. Col. Ceodecke with nephew, 1920 December
[Box: 10, Item: 19]
Imma and Jenny, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 20]
James H. Gardner Jr. 5 years old, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 21]
Aunt Lizzie to Mrs. Pepper, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 22]
Two unidentified men in military uniform, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 23]
The Two Jimmys, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 24]
Three unidentified children, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 25]
James H. Gardner Jr, 1920 December
[Box: 10, Item: 26]
Four unidentified people, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 27]
Two unidentified women, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 28]
Unidentified man in harbour, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 29]
Unidentified house, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 30]
Men in military uniform Cussing the delinquents out, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 31]
Marching in manuvers, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 32]
Two unidentified children, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 33]
Unidentified house, undated
[Box: 10, Item: 34]
undated
[Box: 10, Item: 35]