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Image 6 of Kentucky farm and home science, vol. 3 No. 3 summer 1957

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

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Many indexes of social and economic qualities used in _ setting up "measuring stick” to determine relative 'Z degree of urbanization among Kentucky’s 120 counties ee i .5-k, How Urban I Y C untyif S Ol1I` 0 » . 54. By HOIVARI) W. BEERS and HERBERT A. AURBACH L All who know Kentucky know the great social and The scale combined many measures or indexes of li ` A economic diversity within this Commonwealth. Among the social and economic qualities of a county. It is ._,,- the 120 counties in the state there are some which readily seen that these measures are well suited to P are conspicuously rural in their chief social and eco- separating rural from urban counties. ` nomic features, and others that are quite urban. They were taken from several sources, such as the ,. Throughout the state, however, there is a trend toward reports of the decennial Census of Population, Census Ai . . . ¢·· ' the development of urban characteristics. of Housing, Census of Agriculture, State Highway ’ , In connection with a recent research project at the Commission, State Department of Education, State sr Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station it was de- Health Department, State Department of Revenue, sirable to study the distribution of the counties along and records of newspaper circulation. ** a range extending from “very rural” to “very urban.” The list of measures contains the following items: he A systematic mathematical technique was used- q the Cuttman Scalogram formula—to put the counties P""°""{"‘g" °f l’°“°“S 25 Yam Old and Ovcf who °°m` ’ V in order on what was called a “folk-urban continuum ” Plated high SCh00l’ 1950 . - _ L K, _ ( A_) ( A ( 7 P€I`C€Il{2lgC of €l'l'll)l0y€(l. 1)€I`SOIlS Cllgilged lll pI'()f€SSl0I]2ll ‘A* with the rural folk as one extreme type and the and related Services “1`l)al'» OY CltY‘tYl)€, at tlw 0th€I` €XtT€m€- Percentage of total population "urban," 1950 "` = AA c . · ( ii *·*· ~ A E t 33 f , 7 _ y W I I In contrast to much ,;,,,.4 _ ` ~ , A A A A ‘ Y KA A <, of Kentucky, which AA ,#' _ — _ · ` , A I H I Aff _ .. - is predominantly § A a AL E H I if . _ M A ,1 { -·‘`_ ;A fnin )_,__,_ ; =-· é rural, are the ex- _ bl ' Tr if i"iA A Af »' —- ’``=' 4 it{’·- A,. panding urban ""` ' a` - — . *’» z ·· . < · · _,—’ ` _ -— .._,,:” 4 - if , »·* areas, symbolized L _. E H I 2/‘ f§€` BEN A t _`.. .....v Jr A ’ Y by this busy street A · Aa A EI I t*;‘;¥·"l smnnl .... L fig ll r scene. Throughout . A , F EI I eqn ~»..;;,,.·i ,. j,. r ·§— ._ - _ { ,;..2, = _ ’ , V, , v the state there 15 a ` W III. p .,,, .... . L, ._ . _, _ _»,r _ 4.. .» F F pm i p ` , . ji . .,-/ J _/¤ trend toward the `L . %$¢i— 3 I¢~A F) _ _ .... r ~t==` ,7 __ · gg, development of ur. I _ I { ...a..‘n Ls Jsffi i ` ,,6;%; , A °- » »·-·/`,-A=, ban characteristics, · ,· , °* ··p¤—. · .· ... .· ,, _ _ - ` ` » was in i * }|‘ »--.. » * 1 pr "**.s as pointed out in U a ·· _, - ··Y ·. __ _ , ,-·~·· N _;_:• __";:$;_¤; ;;l____€_* I . 4 . ’ - -`.. ·¢ J" ll° ~ ll ·· lk a —:· Yu 1 . `:· rr ... . this article. · ` yl ' 3 -Ey ,1: "- lgwl at U xv:} - V VI .~ I ‘ I q · * A.lil*!§AA ` — if .·· A .·F C . ` \j —» g # ` '_:_,.v A ‘ *·-r' LL!} v· ` ~ A "‘"°'" T`¥=*·· t" " a · .a - K l I $ _.. l A · A _. ~- — ·· .. Eds '··V`}‘ AA ‘ *T;"AAiA..T° st, ,__. — A A ··‘ ·"— ...— " I I _,, t C I a;. _ 1} \ *:»`~ ` ` ‘ Q q` *:%%. 1 ; {N -‘ Q rt¤ -..` * -.—. ·..i.»=¤-».:» AAAI`` — i‘’ tri » a- (....0. ..,....,t .. °‘ . _·.. xi _·_. ‘“`·; · ‘‘·*’ ’=-.. ’ °° · ° r · aa <-\-. **"·*·*·L·¢··*"* Jr .... . I AA " — . i AA if A AAAAA ` ’‘;·.