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Image 6 of Kentucky farm and home science, vol. 3 No. 3 summer 1957

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

Many indexes of social and economic qualities used in _ setting up "measuring stick to determine relative 'Z degree of urbanization among Kentuckys 120 counties ee i .5-k, How Urban I Y C untyif S Ol1I` 0 . 54. By HOIVARI) W. BEERS and HERBERT A. AURBACH L All who know Kentucky know the great social and The scale combined many measures or indexes of li ` A economic diversity within this Commonwealth. Among the social and economic qualities of a county. It is ._,,- the 120 counties in the state there are some which readily seen that these measures are well suited to P are conspicuously rural in their chief social and eco- separating rural from urban counties. ` nomic features, and others that are quite urban. They were taken from several sources, such as the ,. Throughout the state, however, there is a trend toward reports of the decennial Census of Population, Census Ai . . . ' the development of urban characteristics. of Housing, Census of Agriculture, State Highway , In connection with a recent research project at the Commission, State Department of Education, State sr Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station it was de- Health Department, State Department of Revenue, sirable to study the distribution of the counties along and records of newspaper circulation. ** a range extending from very rural to very urban. The list of measures contains the following items: he A systematic mathematical technique was used- q the Cuttman Scalogram formulato put the counties P""""{"g" f lS 25 Yam Old and Ovcf who m` V in order on what was called a folk-urban continuum Plated high SCh00l 1950 . - _ L K, _ ( A_) ( A ( 7 PI`CIl{2lgC of l'l'll)l0y(l. 1)I`SOIlS Cllgilged lll pI'()fSSl0I]2ll A* with the rural folk as one extreme type and the and related Services 1`l)al' OY CltYtYl), at tlw 0thI` XtTm- Percentage of total population "urban," 1950 "` = AA c . ( ii ** ~ A E t 33 f , 7 _ y W I I In contrast to much ,;,,,.4 _ ` ~ , A A A A Y KA A <, of Kentucky, which AA ,#' _ _ ` , A I H I Aff _ .. - is predominantly A a AL E H I if . _ M A ,1 { -`_ ;A fnin )_,__,_ ; =- rural, are the ex- _ bl ' Tr if i"iA A Af ' - ``=' 4 it{- A,. panding urban ""` ' a` - . * z . < _, ` _ - .._,,: 4 - if , * areas, symbolized L _. E H I 2/ f` BEN A t _`.. .....v Jr A Y by this busy street A Aa A EI I t*;;"l smnnl .... L fig ll r scene. Throughout . A , F EI I eqn ~..;;,,.i ,. j,. r ._ - _ { ,;..2, = _ , V, , v the state there 15 a ` W III. p .,,, .... . L, ._ . _, _ _,r _ 4.. . F F pm i p ` , . ji . .,-/ J _/ trend toward the `L . %$i 3 I~A F) _ _ .... r ~t==` ,7 __ gg, development of ur. I _ I { ...a..n Ls Jsffi i ` ,,6;%; , A - -/`,-A=, ban characteristics, , , * p. . ... . ,, _ _ - ` ` was in i * }| --.. * 1 pr "**.s as pointed out in U a _, - Y . __ _ , ,-~ N _;_: __";:$;_; ;;l_____* I . 4 . - -`.. J" ll ~ ll lk a : Yu 1 . `: rr ... . this article. ` yl ' 3 -Ey ,1: "- lgwl at U xv:} - V VI .~ I I q * A.lil*!AA ` if . A .F C . ` \j g # ` '_:_,.v A *-r' LL!} v ` ~ A ""'" T`=* t" " a .a - K l I $ _.. l A A _. ~- .. Eds 'V`} AA *T;"AAiA..T st, ,__. A A " ... " I I _,, t C I a;. _ 1} \ *:`~ ` ` Q q` *:%%. 1 ; {N - Q rt -..` * -.. ..i.=-.: AAAI`` i tri a- (....0. ..,....,t .. . _.. xi __. `; * =-.. r aa <-\-. **"**L*"* Jr .... . I AA " . i AA if A AAAAA ` ;.