Processed by: Staff, Jason Flahardy; machine-readable finding aid created by:Jason Flahardy
The Malcolm Cowley: Robert Penn Warren Photographic Collection
University of Kentucky Special CollectionsLexington, Kentucky 40506
Collection is open to researchers by appointment. Images may not be reproduced without the express permission of the Malcolm Cowley estate and the Robert Penn Warren estate.
[Identification of item], The Malcolm Cowley: Robert Penn Warren Photographic Collection, 80PA116,Special Collections, University of Kentucky.
.5 cu. ft. (1 Box): 5 items
Malcolm Cowley was born in Belasco, Pennsylvania, on 24th August, 1898. A successful school student, Cowley won a scholarship to Harvard in 1915. In 1921 Cowley moved to France, where he became friendly with American expatriates such as Gertrude Stein, Ernest Hemingway and Ezra Pound. Cowley returned to the United States in August 1923 and became close friends with the poet Hart Crane. In 1929 Cowley published Blue Juniata, his first book of poems. Later that year he replaced Edmund Wilson as literary editor of The New Republic. He also published The Literary Tradition (1954) and edited a new edition of Leaves of Grass (1959) by Walt Whitman. This was followed by Black Cargoes, A History of the Atlantic Slave Trade (1962), Fitzgerald and the Jazz Age (1966), Think Back on Us (1967), and Collected Poems (1968). Malcolm Cowley died on 28th March 1989.
Robert Penn Warren was born in Guthrie, KY, in 1905. He entered Vanderbilt University in 1921, where he became the youngest member of the group of Southern poets called the Fugitives. Warren's first poems were published in The Fugitive, a magazine which the group published from 1922 to 1925. From 1925 to 1927, Warren was a teaching fellow at The University of California, where he earned a master's degree. He studied at Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar and returned to the United States in 1930. With Cleanth Brooks, he wrote Understanding Poetry (1938), a textbook which has widely influenced the study of poetry at the college level in America.
Though regarded as one of the best poets of his generation, Warren was better known as a novelist and received tremendous recognition for All the King's Men, which won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1947. His Promises: Poems, 1954-1956 won the Sidney Hillman Award, the Edna St. Vincent Millay Memorial Award, the National Book Award, and the Pulitzer Prize. In 1979 he earned a third Pulitzer Prize, this time for Now and Then: Poems, 1976-1978. Warren served as a Chancellor of The Academy of American Poets from 1972 until 1988, and was appointed the first U.S. Poet Laureate in 1985. He died in 1989.
John Orley Allen Tate was born in Winchester, Clarke County, Kentucky, in 1899. He attended Vanderbilt University and graduated magna cum laude in 1922. Tate was a founding editor of The Fugitive, a poetry magazine published out of Nashville, Tennessee, from 1922 to 1925. The magazine was named for the Fugitives, a group of Southern poets which included John Crowe Ransom, Robert Penn Warren, Donald Davidson, and Merrill Moore. From 1951 until his retirement he was a professor of English at the University of Minnesota. He died in 1979.
The collection consists of five black and white copy prints of Malcolm Cowley, Allen Tate, and Robert Penn Warren. The originals were loaned for copying by Malcolm Cowley. The images are restricted from being reproduced on-line.
Cowley, Malcolm. . New York: Viking Press, 1968.
Cowley, Malcolm. . New York: Penguin Books, 1976.
, 81AV03, Special Collections, University of Kentucky.
, 83AV03, Special Collections, University of Kentucky.
, 78M1, Special Collections, University of Kentucky.
Squires, Radcliffe. . New York: Pegasus, 1971.
Tate, Allen. . Chicago: Swallow Press, 1975.
Warren, Robert Penn. . New York: Random House, 1957.
Warren, Robert Penn. . New York: Random House, 1978.