PREHISTORIC TIMES T
many beautiful artifacts including notched flint implements,
grooved stone discs, a copper awl, a copper disc covered with
woven fabric, and a pottery vessel. ~
1 A burial mound on Lost Creek was built over a stone floor
*1 and included a five-foot pit filled with skeletons. A large num-
9 ber of intrusive burials had been made in this mound, some
‘ apparently quite recent, since copper bells, indicating contacts _
1 with the white man, were found in one. This was one of the
1 rather infrequent occurrences of copper artifacts being found
in Kentucky. This mound was later discussed in some detail by
e Col. Bennett Young in his book, Prehistoric Men of Kentucky
r (1910). On Lost Creek Mr. Lyon also reported a group of
n mounds consisting of forty-eight separate tumuli.
y Another burial mound, on Buffalo Creek, four miles from
f Raleigh, contained bodies arranged in a circle like the spokes
t of a wheel. The heads pointed toward the center of the circle
t and the faces were turned toward the left side.
d Excellent pottery has been found at a village site, traditionally
;, associated with mounds now obliterated, at Ridley Pond, about
n six miles west of Uniontown. Among the many fine artifacts
y taken from the burial field on Grundy Hill was an excellent
figurine of fluorspar. _
n There was once an Indian village or possibly a group of two
k or more villages extending along the banks of the Ohio River for
O two or three miles below Raleigh Landing. This site for many
;_ years was known for the abundance of artifacts found here. The
Q statement in The History of Union County (p. 682) on archeo-
G logical remains at Raleigh also indicates the extent of Indian
Q occupation in that vicinity:
,S In the aboriginal days Raleigh was an immense Indian cemetery. Every
h fresh cave-in of the riverbank disclosed bones that had lain years. perhaps
S centuries, in the tomb. In 1853, Mr. Calmes, in excavating for building
purposes, found many skeletons, a babe was lying on the breast of one,
`S probably its mother. Several large specimens of lead ore were found along
d with curiously ornamented vessels, that would hold something more than
;g a quart. These vessels had little ears or handles that were very unique.
VB Likenesses of duck bills, lion’s and snake's heads, seemed to be abundant.
1 These utensils seemed to be made of cement which had been prepared
' from pulverized muscle-shells and sand. They had undoubtedly been the
)` handiwork of the Mound Builders because there are several mounds just
F- back of Raleigh ...
Another large village, located on the bank of the Ohio River
just above Uniontown, extended into the bounds of that town.