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19 > Image 19 of Union County, past and present

Part of Kentucky Works Progress Administration Publications

PREHISTORIC TIMES T many beautiful artifacts including notched flint implements, grooved stone discs, a copper awl, a copper disc covered with woven fabric, and a pottery vessel. ~ 1 A burial mound on Lost Creek was built over a stone floor *1 and included a five-foot pit filled with skeletons. A large num- 9 ber of intrusive burials had been made in this mound, some apparently quite recent, since copper bells, indicating contacts _ 1 with the white man, were found in one. This was one of the 1 rather infrequent occurrences of copper artifacts being found in Kentucky. This mound was later discussed in some detail by e Col. Bennett Young in his book, Prehistoric Men of Kentucky r (1910). On Lost Creek Mr. Lyon also reported a group of n mounds consisting of forty-eight separate tumuli. y Another burial mound, on Buffalo Creek, four miles from f Raleigh, contained bodies arranged in a circle like the spokes t of a wheel. The heads pointed toward the center of the circle t and the faces were turned toward the left side. d Excellent pottery has been found at a village site, traditionally ;, associated with mounds now obliterated, at Ridley Pond, about n six miles west of Uniontown. Among the many fine artifacts y taken from the burial field on Grundy Hill was an excellent figurine of fluorspar. _ n There was once an Indian village or possibly a group of two k or more villages extending along the banks of the Ohio River for O two or three miles below Raleigh Landing. This site for many ;_ years was known for the abundance of artifacts found here. The Q statement in The History of Union County (p. 682) on archeo- G logical remains at Raleigh also indicates the extent of Indian Q occupation in that vicinity: ,S In the aboriginal days Raleigh was an immense Indian cemetery. Every h fresh cave-in of the riverbank disclosed bones that had lain years. perhaps S centuries, in the tomb. In 1853, Mr. Calmes, in excavating for building purposes, found many skeletons, a babe was lying on the breast of one, `S probably its mother. Several large specimens of lead ore were found along d with curiously ornamented vessels, that would hold something more than ;g a quart. These vessels had little ears or handles that were very unique. VB Likenesses of duck bills, lions and snake's heads, seemed to be abundant. 1 These utensils seemed to be made of cement which had been prepared ' from pulverized muscle-shells and sand. They had undoubtedly been the )` handiwork of the Mound Builders because there are several mounds just F- back of Raleigh ... Another large village, located on the bank of the Ohio River just above Uniontown, extended into the bounds of that town.