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PREFACE faith and in their affection for him (I These. :6). But we have come to use the term in the technical sense of an account of the life of Jesus, though the titles, as everyone knows, are simply "According to Matthew," "According to Mark,"' and so on. The term gospel is con- venient for this purpose, and the present use of it is no violent departure from established usage. These four narratives differ only in form and not in their essential method from ordinary forms of Bible study. Their chief point of difference is the use of the first person instead of the third. All the inquiry as to motive and mental attitude which these studies undertake has to be undertaken in any intelligent attempt to interpret the Gospel narratives. But the use of the first person has this literary and practical advantage, that it assists the process of psy- chological analysis; it causes us to inquire not so much how these four men appeared, as how events which they witnessed appeared to them. This is not only a legitimate but a useful method of study. The Bible is rich in biographical material; we use it too little and with unneces- sary restrictions as to method and form. Any method of study which reminds us that the apostles were real men, and acted upon motives x