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Page 5 of City of Louisville and a glimpse of Kentucky / Young Ewing Allison.

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conditions than any other area of like dimensions on the known globe. A circle of the same radius, with Chicago for a center, must include many thousand square miles of Lake surface and much land unavailable for agricultural purposes. Advantages of central location in a given area may be, in a measure, counterbalanced by railways, and Chicago has been made a great city because railway lines were forced to pass through that city to flank Lake Michigan. But at the rate at which the railway system of Louisville has been increasing during the past seven years she will soon possess every artificial advantage of that character, besides possessing communication with thirty-two navigable rivers and having the richest and most varied territory in America to furnish supplies and create demand. The perfecting of the railway sys- tem of the whole country will balance constructive advantages leaving those of nature to preponderate in favor of the cities possessing them. Professor John R. Procter, for many years Director of the Geological Survey, and who has devoted years to attract- ing the attention of capitalists to the incalculable value of the iron ores in the field of which the Cranberry mines of North Carolina are the cell- ter, andl to the almost limit- less deposits of coking coal in south-eastern Kentucky, commenting upon the area described about Louisville, says: " It already contains a larger population than any other circle of like area in the United States, and it is destined to contain the bulk of the population of the greatest empire that has yet C A existed in the world. The influence of p iys i calI feat- ures in population is well shown by the charts and tables prepared by the last United States census. These m w charts show temperature, rainfall, etc.; and in connec- - tion with the tables the fol- lowing facts: That the great- g est absolute gain in popula- tion during the last decade was made in the region hay- ing a mean annual tempera- ture Of from 500 to 550. and that the circle described above is nearly all of this mean annual temperature. ' That over 12,ooo,o0o people 1 reside upon the area where the annual rainfall is from forty-five inches to fifty inch- es, or a larger population '4 H' than on any of the divisions niade according to rainfall, N' and that the above is the4 ' rainfall of the circle under ' consideration. The same favorable indications are \" '- shown on the charts of ele- - vation above sea, minimum - and maximum temperature, ' etc. Thus soil, climate, and ' all physical conditions point to a future dense population in the region of which Louis- ville is the center. The cen- LOVISVIXXXl BOARLD OV TRADE ait Iaxc( ter of population of the United States has been moving westward each decade along the degree of latitude a little north of I ouisville. The census of i88o brought it nearer Louisville, and the great movement of population southward will keep it on the hat- itude of and near Louisville for many years. In i88o, almost one-half of the population of the U1.nited States resided in the region drained by the Mississippi river and its tributaries. And in x8go probably more than one-half of the 5