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7 > Image 7 of Kentucky fruit notes, vol. 4, No. 2, March 1950

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

8 P 7 Below is a list of some of the newer peach varieties that are showing promise in Kentucky, starting with the earliest: Name T Weeks ahead of Elberta ype in ripening Dixired - --- yellow cling 6 Erly Red Fre - V - - - white semi cling 5 ]erseyland --- yellow free 5 Dixigem - - yellow free 4 1/2 Raritan Rose -- white free 4 Redhaven - - yellow free 4 Cumberland white free 3 1/2 n Fair Beauty --- yellow semi -ecling 3 Triogem " - - yellow free 3 Fairhaven - -~ -- yellow free 3 Sunhigh --- - yellow {ree Z Ambergem -- yellow cling 2 Goldeneast ~ - - - yellow free 1 1/2 Veteran --~ yellow semi~cling l 1/Z Sullivan Early Elberta yellow free 1 Summercrest -- yellow free 1 A Redskin - - - ~ - yellow free with Elbgrta 3 Afterglow -- - yellow free l week after The above list contains new varieties or any season, both white and yellow, and both freestone and clingstones and all are doing well in Kentucky, lf a few of these are 5 selected according to the preferred season and color there is reasonable assurance of a crop if good care is given, the weather cooperating. Many others are being tried and otherntmots will be added to the list as they prove worthy, NEW APPLE AND PEACH PEST, THE RED BANDED LEAF ROLLER W, D. Arrristrong The red banded leaf roller showed up in Kentucky in small numbers in 1947 or 1948, but it was not until 1949 that it was present in numbers large enough to cause 6. heavy loss to orchards and to present a serious orchard problem for both peaches and apples, l/Vhen the 1949 peach harvest survey was made covering 17 peach orchards lo- cated near Mayfield, Paducah, Princeton, Madisonville, Henderson, Louisville, and Bed- I ford, 12 of these had leaf roller injury to the fruit, ranging from l to 44 percent. Only ( 4 orchards had no leaf roller damage, It also caused heavy damage in a number of apple orchards, While most damage was observed in western Kentucky, there was evidence of slight damage in central and northern Kentucky and much injury probably occurred in ' areas not covered in this survey, { V The pest passes the winter in the pupa stage and the moths emerge in early spring. They lay their eggs on the foliage, The young, active, greenishyellow worms feed on the leaves, webbing several together where they over-lap, Later in the season they attack the fruits, eating out grooves and trenches in the surface of the fruit , often near the stem, at the suture, where fruits touch each other, or where leaves come in contact with the fruit. T l . , , . . , `