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Image 9 of The Kentuckian : a monthly magazine, vol. 2, no. 2

Part of The Kentuckian : a monthly magazine

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`F if? ”`»»:’‘ ii? V », » <’· ¥ "< »— if ”» 1 — isi ·‘ .*.i * ‘ ; i l t _ ; y r » ’ f T T t t J _ T · { » `_* ` ‘»_ F . A t A A t..r _— . A STUDY OF worms. ISS q. A - `. ,· Y l ally DARTMAN; from the Franks we have the word T `_ _°»‘ l FRANK, implying the high moral virtues of the settlers of ‘ s E France. The;Angles were so-called from settling in the _ =_ _ angles of the mountains, the Saxons from the curved " _ . sword or seax which they carried. From this race, which . it conquered the Kelts or drove them to their fastnesses, we V _ _ have received probably three-fifths of our words. - The next great racial conflict that affected the lan- , guage was with the Danes, including the jutes and Nor- t i wegians, who belonged to the Scandinavian branch. l l '·,· A They were blood#thirsty and intrepid sea kings, who for S ” hundreds or years burned, fiayed and broke the bones of . the Saxons. The last struggle, and that which aH`ected r ' most perceptibly the language, was with the brothers of V . ‘ " .* _· --»» —~—, these vikings, who had conquered the Gauls in Normandy _ _ . _“ · iQ and had taken the name of Normans. Their language V " ` was composed of Norse and bastard Latin. In England, J after the conquest. it became the language of the court. . T i` 3. . the camp, the school—room by law; the fashionable lan- F , ° _ guage through polity. But fashion, and school-room,’ · and king, and army could not root fr0m the sturdy Saxon _ _ i ij the beloved accents ot his mother tongue. He adopted · q the words of his conquerers, . but as grafts, merely. upon A ` S his own. From this union grew the language of Shake- l ’ ‘ _ speare and Milton and the English Bible—a language S » peculiarly rich in synonyms and in capacity for growth. A few of the words the Saxons have dropped are EYEBITE . ` for FAc1NA;rE, [?’OD’S-SPELL for '].`ES'1`AMEN'l`, IN\ifIT for CONSCIENCE, GOD’S-ACRE for cEME·rEnv, FLr·rTEn-Mousn A for BAT, FonErAL1< for 1¤1zEFAcE, AFTERTHINK for RE- 5 t l i>ENrANcE, STAR coNNEn for Asrnonoitnn, Bocimn for . ‘ i Aurnon, RIEDDLER for MEnrALoR. llis simple BOARD . _ _ F _ A . became Norman TABLE, his ox Norman BEEF, his sw1NE if; V ¥ Norman nonx, his nousn Norman MANOR or PALACE. y S ` .`._ ‘_ _ _- a rr ..,. . _ _ — t — · _ "' "*¢.. V" r #—- ~·· 4.-;;;:-— ts ».·-,.,rf"‘, —r-?