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9 > Image 9 of The Kentuckian : a monthly magazine, vol. 2, no. 2

Part of The Kentuckian : a monthly magazine

`F if? `: ii? V , < "< if 1 isi .*.i * ; i l t _ ; y r f T T t t J _ T { `_* ` _ F . A t A A t..r _ . A STUDY OF worms. ISS q. A - `. , Y l ally DARTMAN; from the Franks we have the word T `_ _ l FRANK, implying the high moral virtues of the settlers of s E France. The;Angles were so-called from settling in the _ =_ _ angles of the mountains, the Saxons from the curved " _ . sword or seax which they carried. From this race, which . it conquered the Kelts or drove them to their fastnesses, we V _ _ have received probably three-fifths of our words. - The next great racial conflict that affected the lan- , guage was with the Danes, including the jutes and Nor- t i wegians, who belonged to the Scandinavian branch. l l ', A They were blood#thirsty and intrepid sea kings, who for S hundreds or years burned, fiayed and broke the bones of . the Saxons. The last struggle, and that which aH`ected r ' most perceptibly the language, was with the brothers of V . " .* _ -- ~, these vikings, who had conquered the Gauls in Normandy _ _ . _ iQ and had taken the name of Normans. Their language V " ` was composed of Norse and bastard Latin. In England, J after the conquest. it became the language of the court. . T i` 3. . the camp, the schoolroom by law; the fashionable lan- F , _ guage through polity. But fashion, and school-room, and king, and army could not root fr0m the sturdy Saxon _ _ i ij the beloved accents ot his mother tongue. He adopted q the words of his conquerers, . but as grafts, merely. upon A ` S his own. From this union grew the language of Shake- l _ speare and Milton and the English Biblea language S peculiarly rich in synonyms and in capacity for growth. A few of the words the Saxons have dropped are EYEBITE . ` for FAc1NA;rE, [?ODS-SPELL for '].`ES'1`AMEN'l`, IN\ifIT for CONSCIENCE, GODS-ACRE for cEMErEnv, FLrrTEn-Mousn A for BAT, FonErAL1< for 11zEFAcE, AFTERTHINK for RE- 5 t l i>ENrANcE, STAR coNNEn for Asrnonoitnn, Bocimn for . i Aurnon, RIEDDLER for MEnrALoR. llis simple BOARD . _ _ F _ A . became Norman TABLE, his ox Norman BEEF, his sw1NE if; V Norman nonx, his nousn Norman MANOR or PALACE. y S ` .`._ _ _ _- a rr ..,. . _ _ t _ "' "*.. V" r #- ~ 4.-;;;:- ts .-,.,rf", r-?