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7 > Page 7 of Address to the churches of Christ in Kentucky : and other loyal states, in regard to the treatment of church-members who have been engaged in the rebellion.

and had become a Roman province. Caesar was only another name for the Roman emperor who then swayed a scepter over the civilized world. His juris- diction over the Jews had been acquired by conquest, and yet Jesus enjoins obedience to his authority in the clearest and most emphatic language. Obedience, then, to Caesar was obedience to God (save and ex- cept in those cases in which the laws of Caesar might be in derogation of the Divine law), and to resist the authority of Caesar was to resist the authority of God himself-for He has ordained political govern- ments, and clothed them with the high sanction of His authority. Jesus, therefore, in His answer to the chief priests and scribes, only enjoins upon them duties which had been always binding upon them from the very relation which they sustained to Caesar and to God. To the one as the ruler of the Roman empire, and to the other as the great ruler of the universe. If, then, the obligation of the Jew to submit to the government of Caesar was thus imperative, though his authority had been acquired by conquest over the chosen people of God, how much stronger is the ob- ligation of Christians to submit to the government of the United States, instituted by the American people themselves, for the preservation of the great heritage of freedom for themselves and posterity, in all time to come! and how dreadful the sin committed by them against God and the American people, in raising their arms and aiding and abetting in the 7 ADDRB8S.