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Image 3 of Kentucky fruit notes, vol. 4, No. 5, Fall 1951

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

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1951 STRAWEERRIES AT WESTERN KENTUCKY EXPERIMENT SUBSTATION, PRINCETON W. D. Armstrong Weather Influence; The wet growing season in 1950 result- ed in one of the thickest stands of plants (heaviest matted rows) seen in several seasons in all sections of the State. Fortunately, there was a thick snow covering protecting the berry plants during the record subzero weather of late November 1950 and also during the record subzero spell of early February 1951. Such weather without the snow covering would have virtually destroyed the berry crops as well as young wheat, alfalfa and other types of ground cover. Following a wet and early spring in 1951, dry weather started in May and continued through strawberry picking season in western, southern, and central Kentucky, cutting ex- pected yields by half or more. Rains came in time to help the berry harvest in northern Kentucky. Variety Performance at Western Kentucky Experiment Sub- station, Princeton; Variety yields at the Princeton Substation in Z4-quart crates per acre are listed below: Crates Blakemore ............ 104 Tennessee Beauty ......... 100 Fairland ............ t . 98 Temple .............. 93 Vermilion ............. 85 Tennessee Shipper ........ 8l Aroma .............. 71 Tennessean ............ 69 Armore .............. 64 Sioux ............... Z5 In Kentucky, Blakemore is still the leading commercial and home-use variety, followed by Tennessee Beauty which has re- placed Aroma. Tennessee Shipper also is now a well-established commercial variety over most of Kentucky. Fairland, Temple, and Vermilion are all three resistant to the red stele root rot disease and can be grown satisfactorily on land infected with that serious disease. The varieties grown gen- erally in Kentucky are subject to red stele and cannot be grown satisfactorily on infected fields. These three varieties are not firm enough to be first-class commercial berries, butare satis - factory for short hauls, local sales, home use, and quick freezing. Tennessean, the newest introduction from Tennessee, was disappointing this year because of its low yield, soft berries, and dark red color which made it less attractive. Also, during a 3