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Page 3 of Arabian art of taming and training wild & vicious horses / by P.R. Kincaid.

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3 ligiaYt iAt 'iii 'httaige cbhduLct. "0 thou father of a jackass!" they cried, ' thon hasthelped the thief to rob thee of thy jewel." But he' Silenced their upbraidings by saying: " Ii would rather lose her .thap sully her reputation. Would you have me suffir it to be said 'a'iong'the tribes that another mare had proved fleeter: than triini I have at least this comfort left- me, that l1lafd day sihe never mIet with her match." -ifibrett cdintries lihAve their diflerent modes of horseman- hi'p,:but aniringsk all of them its first practice wawcarried on in bitt a rude and indifferent way,'being hardly a stepping stone to the comfort and delightcgained from the use of the horse at the present day. The polished Geeeks as well as the ruder nations of Northern Africa,' for a long while rode without either saddle or bridle, guiding their horses! with the voice or the hand, or with a light switch with wvhich they touched the animal on the side of the face to make him turn in the opposite direction. They urged him forward by at touch of the heel, and stopped him by catching hirm by the muzzle. Bridles and bits were at length introduced, but many centuries elapsed before anything that could be called a saddle was used. Instead of these, cloths single or padded, and skins of wild beasts,. often richly adorned, were placed beneath the rider, but always without stirrups; and it isgiv ep as an extraordinary fact, that the Romans even in the ti.me when luxury was carried to excess amongst them, never desired: so simple an expedient for assisting the horseman to inount, to lessen his fatigue and aid him in sitting more se- curely in his saddle. Ancient sculptors prove that the horse- nmen of almost every cotintryvwere accustomed to mount their horses from the right side of the animal, that they might the better giasp the mane, which hangs on that side, a-practice uni- versally changed in modern tines. . The ancients generally leaped on their horse's backs, though, they fsometimes carried a spear, with a loop or projection about two feet from the bottom which served them as a step. In Greece and Rome, the local magistracy were boqnd to see that blocks Jjr mounting (what the Scotch call loul-in-on-stanes) were plated along the road at convenient distances. The great, however, thought it more dignified to mount their horses by steppingoon the bent backs of their servants or slaves, and many who could noi cotnmand such costly help used to carry a light ladder about with them. The first distinct notice that we have of the use of the saddle occurs in the edict of the Emperor Theodosius,;(A. 1). 385.) from which we also learn that if was Usual for those who hired post- horses, to provide their own saddle, and that the saddle should not weigh more than sixty pouinds, a cumbrous contrivance, more like the howdahs placed on the backs of elephants than the light and elegant saddle of modern times. Side-saddles for ladies are an invention of comparatively recent date. The first